Stained Glass Sundials
Including Etched Glass, Plastic, Mosaic and Ceramic Sundials
By John L. Carmichael (author) and Dave Bell (webmaster)
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This page was last updated Tue Sep 20 18:33:51 2011

Home, Image Archive, Design & Construction, References, Commissioning a Sundial

Image Archive
graphic line
dial face
Stained Glass Sundials: 16th & 17th Centuries (1500's & 1600's)
Stained Glass Sundials: 18th & 19th Centuries (1700's & 1800's)
Stained Glass Sundials: 20th & 21st Centuries (1900's & 2000's)
Etched Glass and Plastic Sundials
Mosaic and Ceramic Sundials
dial face

These pages contain all suitable available images of glass and ceramic sundials from around the world. We've included translucent plastic sundials with etched glass sundials since they are similar in design and function. On the Archive subpages, the sundials are arranged in chronological order by century and by maker, and are categorized into three different groups: stained glass, etched glass & plastic, and mosaic & ceramics. Below on this page you will find an Inventory of sundials in the Archive arranged by type, century and country. And further down is an Index of all the sundials listed in numerical order with photos, information and references. We've taken a certain amount of liberty to digitally improve poor quality photographs and drawings to show more accurately sundial shapes, design details and colors. Sadly, many of the sundial windows shown here have been lost, destroyed or are in private collections and are unavailable for public viewing, so these images are all that's left for us to study and enjoy.

If you have information carm on sundials already in the photo collection or any new photos that you'd like for us to include, please send an attachment of them to John Carmichael, along with any of the following information you'd like to share: Maker (designer and/or artisan), Date, Original Location, Present Location, Orientation (direction of the sundial face), Size, Adornment, Mottos, Condition, Comments, related Websites, and Email addresses. For tips on photographing stained glass, click Here. Thank you!

Inventory of Sundials in Archive by Type & Century

Century Stained Glass Etched Glass & Plastic Mosaic and Ceramic Total per Century
3rd Century B.C. 0 0 1 1
16th Century 7 0 0 7
17th Century 45 0 0 45
18th Century 10 2 0 12
19th Century 7 2 1 10
20th Century 78 30 67 175
21st Century 32 36 82 150
Unknown 2 0 69 71
Totals by type 181 70 220 471

 

Inventory of Sundials in Archive by Type & Original Location

Country Stained Glass Etched Glass & Plastic Mosaic and Ceramic Total per Country
Argentina 0 0 1 1
Australia 2 0 2 4
Austria 0 0 2 2
Belgium 0 0 2 2
Brazil 0 0 1 1
Canada 4 1 1 6
Czech Republic 0 0 1 1
England 77 7 8 92
France 24 6 95 125
Germany 32 8 8 48
Greece 0 0 1 1
Guernsey 0 1 0 1
Holland 0 3 0 3
Hungary 1 0 1 2
Ireland 0 0 1 1
Israel 0 0 2 2
Italy 1 11 29 41
New Zealand 0 0 1 1
Poland 1 1 2 4
Russia 1 0 7 8
Scotland 2 1 0 3
Spain 0 8 22 30
Switzerland 15 9 0 24
United States 18 11 31 60
Wales 1 1 0 2
Unknown 2 2 2 6
Totals by type 181 70 220 471

Total Number of Sundials: 471

 

Index of All Sundials in Archive

Click on any of the images on this page for a larger view.

Here is the information and references for all of the dials in our Image Archive. Dials are listed in numerical order. For optimal viewing, set your browser's "View" to Full Screen. Click on any of the images for a larger view. Your browser will automatically downsize the large picture to fit your computer monitor screen. We resized all photos to the standard high definition television height of 1080 pixels or higher so that they will completely fill the height of a 1080 HDTV screen. We think many people will connect their computers to widescreen HDTVs, and they will want this large picture size. Unless otherwise noted, please ask permission from the photographers if you want to use their photos.

Dial 1
The Dragonfly Dial
Maker: Amy R. Handford
Date: Late 1900's. early 2000's
Original Location: St. Paul MN USA. This sundial is ornamental and not designed for any particular location.
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: dragonfly on flower
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is from a series of similar dials that Handford calls "stepping stone stained glass sundials". They are made from cast concrete with inlaid stained glass. They do not tell time precisely because the decorative gnomons have a nonlinear irregular shadow casting edge, and I doubt they were delineated correctly. j.c.
Amy's Art Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from website above.

Dial 2
The King Tut Dial
Maker: Amy R. Handford
Date: Late 1900's. early 2000's
Original Location: St. Paul MN USA. This sundial is ornamental and not designed for any particular location.
Present Location: Dallas Texas
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: King Tut
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is from a series of similar dials that Handford calls "Stepping stone stained glass sundials". They are made from cast concrete with inlaid stained glass. They do not tell time precisely because the decorative gnomons have a nonlinear irregular shadow casting edge, and I doubt they were delineated correctly. j.c.
Amy's Art Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos was copied from website above.

Dial 3
The Carousel Horse Dial
Maker: Amy R. Handford
Date: Late 1900's. early 2000's
Original Location: St. Paul MN USA. This sundial is ornamental and not designed for any particular location.
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: horse on carousel
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is from a series of similar dials that Handford calls "Stepping stone stained glass sundials". They are made from cast concrete with inlaid stained glass. They do not tell time precisely because the decorative gnomons have a nonlinear irregular shadow casting edge, and I doubt they were delineated correctly. j.c.
Amy's Art Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from website above.

Dial 4
The Merchant Adventurers' Hall Dial
Designer: Christopher Daniel
Artisan: Dave Boneham, the York Glaziers Trust. Mr. Boneham now lives in France (2010).
Date: 1998
Size: 25.4 x 50 cm (10 x 19.7 in)
Original Location: Lat. 53º 57' N. & Lon. 01º 05' W. The Merchant Adventurers' Hall, Fossgate York England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 35º east of south
Adornment: Man holding cross-staff to his eye, takes meridian solar altitude observations on the Equinox.
Mottos: "God grant us a safe journey".
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is the first stained glass sundial that I ever saw in person- John Carmichael. It is the sundial that inspired my interest in them. Not only is it a beautiful modern expertly-made SGS, it is located in a most historic wonderful old timber building. This is a “must see” sundial.
Article by Christopher Daniel: (2004) “Sundials” a Shire Book
Article by Christopher Daniel: A Rare Beauty, Navigation in Stained Glass. "Navigation News", Vol. unknown
Article by Christopher Daniel: (Sep 1999) The Merchant Adventures! The Sundial Page, "Clocks" Vol. 22/8
The York Company Website: Here
Information-Britain Website: Here
York Website: Here
Merchant Adventurers' Hall Website: Here
Dav Boneham’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D. Photo ‘b’ is by John Carmichael. Photo ‘d’ is copied from ‘A Rare Beauty’ article. Other photos are from unknown forgotten sources except for photos ‘g’ and ‘h’ which were kindly sent to us by the artist, Dave Boneham

Dial 5
The Gray's Court Dial
Maker: attributed to Henry Gyles (J.T.Brighton, 'Henry Gyles, Virtuoso and Glasspainter of York 1645 -1709').
Date: unknown. Probably 1600's
Original Location: unknown location in England. J.Trevor Brighton suggests that Gray's Court is not its original location and that it was designed for someplace else.
Present Location: Gray's Court at The University College of Ripon and York St John, York England (formerly St John's College).
Orientation: Vertical. Declination is undetermined.
Size: small
Adornment: flower
Mottos: “Ita Vita” (Thus Passes Life)
Condition: cracked. The gnomon is missing.
Comments: Viewing by permission only.
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Article by Christopher Daniel: (2004) “Sundials” a Shire Book
Article by Christopher Daniel: (1995) Stained Glass Sundials at Greys Hall and Tredegar House. "Clockwise Around Wales"
Article by Christopher Daniel (2 MB): (1987) Shedding a Glorious Light. "Country Life" 181, 72-75
University College Of Ripon And York St John Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Tony Moss and taken by him. Photo ‘b’ is by John Carmichael and taken by him in 2004. Photo ‘c’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D and is copied from one of his articles.

Dial 6
The Nun Appleton Dial
Maker: Henry Gyles (1645-1709)
Date: 1670
Original Location: Nun Appleton Hall, York, England.
Present Location: It was removed from the Nun Appleton vestibule at an unknown date and wound up for display at the entrance to York Art Gallery. It was placed in a dark corner where it was back-lit with an electric light box. Andrew James reported in 2008 that it was removed for storage and safekeeping. He thinks that it might be possible to arrange for private viewings at The York Art Gallery.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown (large)
Adornment: Cupid holds a small sundial. Small landscapes with The Four Seasons. House was rebuilt by Sir William Milner whose arms are on a corresponding pane of glass.
Mottos: “Qui non est Hodie” (Who is not today). Lines from Ovid- “Poma dat Autumnus, Formosa est messibus Aestas, Ver praebet fores, Igne levatur hiems”. (Autumn gives fruits, Summer fair with corn appears, Spring bestows flowers, Winter fire cheers).
Condition: excellent despite its age
Comments: Designed from a print by Titian. We need updated information and better photos of this dial.
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Article by Christopher Daniel (2 MB): (1987) Shedding a Glorious Light. "Country Life" 181, 72-75
York Art Gallery Website: Here
The Book of Sundials by Gatty: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is from unknown source and shows dial mounted on lightbox at the art gallery. Photo ‘b’ shows dial above entrance door at its original location. This poor quality photo and some of this information are copied from an article by Hans Behrendt called "Alte Englischen Fenstersonnenhren (II)" 1990. Photo ‘c’ is a photocopy of a drawing by Gatty from "The Book of Sun-Dials".

Dial 7
The Ledbury Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: 1700's or 1800's
Original Location: Lat: 52° 02' N. Lon: 02° 25' W. Church of St. Michael and All Angels, Ledbury, Herefordshire, England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: flower
Mottos: none
Condition: good. Restored in 1988. Rumors say that the dial was reinstalled up-side-down, but when last seen by Chris Daniel, it was sitting up-side-down on a window sill.
Comments: We need current updated information and new high resolution photos of this beautiful dial. Please help.
Article by Christopher Daniel (2 MB): (1987) Shedding a Glorious Light. "Country Life" 181, 72-75
Ledbury, St. Michael Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D and is photocopied from his article. Other photos are photoshopped versions of photo ‘a’

Dial 8
The Roebroeck Projection Heliochronometer
Maker: E. Roebroeck
Date: unknown (late 1900's)
Original Location: Lat: 53° 10.2' N, Lon: 6° 36.7' E. Haren, Netherlands, Groningen province
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Nodus glass is vertical. Projection screen is horizontal.
Size: unknown (large)
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This type of dial was invented in 1994 by Dutch dialist Thibaud Taudin-Chabot. There are no known full-scale examples of this extremely rare sundial type installed anywhere! When lit by the sun, the sundial face on the glass projects its image onto a receiving surface. In a building, this could be a wall or a floor. The sundial doesn't have a fixed gnomon attached. Instead, the gnomon is simply a dot on the receiving surface. As the sun moves across the sky, the projected sundial image moves across the receiving surface. The location of the dot gnomon on the projected image indicates the correct time and can also indicate the date.The lack of a three dimensional gnomon makes this type of dial more resistant to damage. Projection dials must have transparent glass or plastic that's colored or clear. They can't have translucent opalescent glass. This dial has a plastic face has drilled hourly analemmas that project an image on the receiving surface with dot gnomon. Shows Standard Time on the hour and the current date
Thibaud Taudin-Chabot’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: I’ve lost track of who sent me these photos. My apologies to the photographer. j.c.

Dials 9 72 76 98
The Spectra Dials
Designer & Maker: Jim Tallman, owner of Artisan Industrials Corp. Mr. Tallman is one of America’s few professional sundial designers and makers, and he is a good friend and a member of NASS and BSS.
Date: from 2002 to present
Original Location: All dials are custom-designed for desktops or window sills for hundreds of clients from all over the world.
Present Location: Most are probably at their original locations
Orientation: All dials are vertical with different declinations. Most decline south.
Size: height- 27.9 cm (11 in)
Adornment: All have The Equation of Time graph etched on the glass. Some special edition Spectra sundials feature corporate logos or other artwork.
Mottos: Different mottos are engraved on many of the dials.
Inscriptions: Many have different personalized engraved inscriptions.
Condition: Most are probably still in excellent condition.
Comments: These handsome dials make reasonably priced gifts and awards considering that they are custom-made for each client. Dial faces are of thick beveled etched glass panes mounted into handsome sturdy cast stone bases. The beveled glass edges cast colorful moving prism spectral beams on nearby surfaces. All have polar axis sheet metal gnomons. They accurately tell the dates of the solstices and equinoxes and most have date lines for birthdays or anniversaries. Jim Tallman custom-designs and delineates each sundial for each owner’s location and tastes. The North American Sundial Society often awards them to the recipients of the annual Sawyer Dialing Prize. As of 2008, Artisan Industrials is the only American sundial maker that offers custom-made etched glass sundials for sale. You can see additional photos of them on the website below.
Spectra Sundial Page on Website: Here
Artisan Industrials Corp. Website: Here
Jim Tallman’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Jim Tallman. Photo 9b shows several dials in the Spectra Series.
Dial 9:
Dial 72:
Dial 76:
Dial 98:

Dial 1
The Dragonfly Dial
Maker: Amy R. Handford
Date: Late 1900's. early 2000's
Original Location: St. Paul MN USA. This sundial is ornamental and not designed for any particular location.
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: dragonfly on flower
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is from a series of similar dials that Handford calls "stepping stone stained glass sundials". They are made from cast concrete with inlaid stained glass. They do not tell time precisely because the decorative gnomons have a nonlinear irregular shadow casting edge, and I doubt they were delineated correctly. j.c.
Amy's Art Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from website above.

Dial 2
The King Tut Dial
Maker: Amy R. Handford
Date: Late 1900's. early 2000's
Original Location: St. Paul MN USA. This sundial is ornamental and not designed for any particular location.
Present Location: Dallas Texas
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: King Tut
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is from a series of similar dials that Handford calls "Stepping stone stained glass sundials". They are made from cast concrete with inlaid stained glass. They do not tell time precisely because the decorative gnomons have a nonlinear irregular shadow casting edge, and I doubt they were delineated correctly. j.c.
Amy's Art Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos was copied from website above.

Dial 3
The Carousel Horse Dial
Maker: Amy R. Handford
Date: Late 1900's. early 2000's
Original Location: St. Paul MN USA. This sundial is ornamental and not designed for any particular location.
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: horse on carousel
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is from a series of similar dials that Handford calls "Stepping stone stained glass sundials". They are made from cast concrete with inlaid stained glass. They do not tell time precisely because the decorative gnomons have a nonlinear irregular shadow casting edge, and I doubt they were delineated correctly. j.c.
Amy's Art Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from website above.

Dial 4
The Merchant Adventurers' Hall Dial
Designer: Christopher Daniel
Artisan: Dave Boneham, the York Glaziers Trust. Mr. Boneham now lives in France (2010).
Date: 1998
Size: 25.4 x 50 cm (10 x 19.7 in)
Original Location: Lat. 53º 57' N. & Lon. 01º 05' W. The Merchant Adventurers' Hall, Fossgate York England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 35º east of south
Adornment: Man holding cross-staff to his eye, takes meridian solar altitude observations on the Equinox.
Mottos: "God grant us a safe journey".
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is the first stained glass sundial that I ever saw in person- John Carmichael. It is the sundial that inspired my interest in them. Not only is it a beautiful modern expertly-made SGS, it is located in a most historic wonderful old timber building. This is a “must see” sundial.
Article by Christopher Daniel: (2004) “Sundials” a Shire Book
Article by Christopher Daniel: A Rare Beauty, Navigation in Stained Glass. "Navigation News", Vol. unknown
Article by Christopher Daniel: (Sep 1999) The Merchant Adventures! The Sundial Page, "Clocks" Vol. 22/8
The York Company Website: Here
Information-Britain Website: Here
York Website: Here
Merchant Adventurers' Hall Website: Here
Dav Boneham’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D. Photo ‘b’ is by John Carmichael. Photo ‘d’ is copied from ‘A Rare Beauty’ article. Other photos are from unknown forgotten sources except for photos ‘g’ and ‘h’ which were kindly sent to us by the artist, Dave Boneham

Dial 5
The Gray's Court Dial
Maker: attributed to Henry Gyles (J.T.Brighton, 'Henry Gyles, Virtuoso and Glasspainter of York 1645 -1709').
Date: unknown. Probably 1600's
Original Location: unknown location in England. J.Trevor Brighton suggests that Gray's Court is not its original location and that it was designed for someplace else.
Present Location: Gray's Court at The University College of Ripon and York St John, York England (formerly St John's College).
Orientation: Vertical. Declination is undetermined.
Size: small
Adornment: flower
Mottos: “Ita Vita” (Thus Passes Life)
Condition: cracked. The gnomon is missing.
Comments: Viewing by permission only.
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Article by Christopher Daniel: (2004) “Sundials” a Shire Book
Article by Christopher Daniel: (1995) Stained Glass Sundials at Greys Hall and Tredegar House. "Clockwise Around Wales"
Article by Christopher Daniel (2 MB): (1987) Shedding a Glorious Light. "Country Life" 181, 72-75
University College Of Ripon And York St John Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Tony Moss and taken by him. Photo ‘b’ is by John Carmichael and taken by him in 2004. Photo ‘c’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D and is copied from one of his articles.

Dial 6
The Nun Appleton Dial
Maker: Henry Gyles (1645-1709)
Date: 1670
Original Location: Nun Appleton Hall, York, England.
Present Location: It was removed from the Nun Appleton vestibule at an unknown date and wound up for display at the entrance to York Art Gallery. It was placed in a dark corner where it was back-lit with an electric light box. Andrew James reported in 2008 that it was removed for storage and safekeeping. He thinks that it might be possible to arrange for private viewings at The York Art Gallery.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown (large)
Adornment: Cupid holds a small sundial. Small landscapes with The Four Seasons. House was rebuilt by Sir William Milner whose arms are on a corresponding pane of glass.
Mottos: “Qui non est Hodie” (Who is not today). Lines from Ovid- “Poma dat Autumnus, Formosa est messibus Aestas, Ver praebet fores, Igne levatur hiems”. (Autumn gives fruits, Summer fair with corn appears, Spring bestows flowers, Winter fire cheers).
Condition: excellent despite its age
Comments: Designed from a print by Titian. We need updated information and better photos of this dial.
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Article by Christopher Daniel (2 MB): (1987) Shedding a Glorious Light. "Country Life" 181, 72-75
York Art Gallery Website: Here
The Book of Sundials by Gatty: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is from unknown source and shows dial mounted on lightbox at the art gallery. Photo ‘b’ shows dial above entrance door at its original location. This poor quality photo and some of this information are copied from an article by Hans Behrendt called "Alte Englischen Fenstersonnenhren (II)" 1990. Photo ‘c’ is a photocopy of a drawing by Gatty from "The Book of Sun-Dials".

Dial 7
The Ledbury Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: 1700's or 1800's
Original Location: Lat: 52° 02' N. Lon: 02° 25' W. Church of St. Michael and All Angels, Ledbury, Herefordshire, England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: flower
Mottos: none
Condition: good. Restored in 1988. Rumors say that the dial was reinstalled up-side-down, but when last seen by Chris Daniel, it was sitting up-side-down on a window sill.
Comments: We need current updated information and new high resolution photos of this beautiful dial. Please help.
Article by Christopher Daniel (2 MB): (1987) Shedding a Glorious Light. "Country Life" 181, 72-75
Ledbury, St. Michael Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D and is photocopied from his article. Other photos are photoshopped versions of photo ‘a’

Dial 8
The Roebroeck Projection Heliochronometer
Maker: E. Roebroeck
Date: unknown (late 1900's)
Original Location: Lat: 53° 10.2' N, Lon: 6° 36.7' E. Haren, Netherlands, Groningen province
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Nodus glass is vertical. Projection screen is horizontal.
Size: unknown (large)
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This type of dial was invented in 1994 by Dutch dialist Thibaud Taudin-Chabot. There are no known full-scale examples of this extremely rare sundial type installed anywhere! When lit by the sun, the sundial face on the glass projects its image onto a receiving surface. In a building, this could be a wall or a floor. The sundial doesn't have a fixed gnomon attached. Instead, the gnomon is simply a dot on the receiving surface. As the sun moves across the sky, the projected sundial image moves across the receiving surface. The location of the dot gnomon on the projected image indicates the correct time and can also indicate the date.The lack of a three dimensional gnomon makes this type of dial more resistant to damage. Projection dials must have transparent glass or plastic that's colored or clear. They can't have translucent opalescent glass. This dial has a plastic face has drilled hourly analemmas that project an image on the receiving surface with dot gnomon. Shows Standard Time on the hour and the current date
Thibaud Taudin-Chabot’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: I’ve lost track of who sent me these photos. My apologies to the photographer. j.c.

Dials 9 72 76 98
The Spectra Dials
Designer & Maker: Jim Tallman, owner of Artisan Industrials Corp. Mr. Tallman is one of America’s few professional sundial designers and makers, and he is a good friend and a member of NASS and BSS.
Date: from 2002 to present
Original Location: All dials are custom-designed for desktops or window sills for hundreds of clients from all over the world.
Present Location: Most are probably at their original locations
Orientation: All dials are vertical with different declinations. Most decline south.
Size: height- 27.9 cm (11 in)
Adornment: All have The Equation of Time graph etched on the glass. Some special edition Spectra sundials feature corporate logos or other artwork.
Mottos: Different mottos are engraved on many of the dials.
Inscriptions: Many have different personalized engraved inscriptions.
Condition: Most are probably still in excellent condition.
Comments: These handsome dials make reasonably priced gifts and awards considering that they are custom-made for each client. Dial faces are of thick beveled etched glass panes mounted into handsome sturdy cast stone bases. The beveled glass edges cast colorful moving prism spectral beams on nearby surfaces. All have polar axis sheet metal gnomons. They accurately tell the dates of the solstices and equinoxes and most have date lines for birthdays or anniversaries. Jim Tallman custom-designs and delineates each sundial for each owner’s location and tastes. The North American Sundial Society often awards them to the recipients of the annual Sawyer Dialing Prize. As of 2008, Artisan Industrials is the only American sundial maker that offers custom-made etched glass sundials for sale. You can see additional photos of them on the website below.
Spectra Sundial Page on Website: Here
Artisan Industrials Corp. Website: Here
Jim Tallman’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Jim Tallman. Photo 9b shows several dials in the Spectra Series.
Dial 9:
Dial 72:
Dial 76:
Dial 98:

Dial 10
The Buckland Abbey Dial
Designer: Christopher Daniel
Artisans: Lord Cardross (cartoon artist), Norman Altwood (glass painter), and other artisans of the Messers Goddard & Gibbs Ltd. studios
Date: 1998
Size: 48 x 40.7 cm (18.9 x 16 in)
Original Location: lat: 50° 29’ 00” N; lon: 4° 07’47” W. In Buckland Abbey's western window, Yelverton Devon, England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 66° west of south
Size: unknown
Adornment: Golden Hind sails on 8 pm line from Plymouth to Porto Bello
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: One of the nicest modern SGS in England. Owned and commissioned by the English National Trust.  Gnomon is on exterior window frame. Dial commemorates 400th anniversary of Drake's death. Copyright Chris Daniel, 8 The Maltings, Abbey Street, Faversham, Kent, ME13 7DU, UK. Artisans' names are engraved in the gnomon.
Article by Christopher Daniel: (2004) “Sundials” a Shire Book
Article by Christopher Daniel: (Aug 1998) The Sundial Page, "Clocks" Vol. 21/7
National Trust Website: Here
Tour UK Website: Here
Heritage Trail Website: Here
Information Britain Website: Here
Waymarking.com Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D. Photo ‘b’ is from Waymarking.com website. Other photos are from unknown source.

Dial 11
The Blue Dial and its Companion Window
Maker: It was originally thought that the signed maker's initials "W.P." referred to William Price or his father. Chris Daniel thinks it is probably by William Pollicott.
Date: 1655 ("Feb. V (?) A. D. DMDCLV"). Companion window says- "This Fabricke was new erected, Ao-1655.  Robert Harper, & John Pride then Church wardens."
Original Location: The London parish church of St. Clement Danes, England.
Present Location: In private collection at undisclosed location in England. Attractively displayed in the living room on a wall-mounted electric light box.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines east of south.
Size: 34 x 57 cm (13.3 x 22.4 in)
Adornment: various heraldic designs
Mottos: "LVMEN UMBRA DEI" (Light is God's Shadow), and “Hoc fieri fecit vitrum” (quod pignus amoris) “Febr V(?) Ao-D-MDCLV.  W. P.”
Condition: fair but cracked
Comments: Also called "The St Clement Danes Dial". Signed and dated MDCLV. Restored in June 29th 1816 by Anthony (?) Henderson. Restored again in 2004 by George Wigley, Monastery Stained Glass using epoxy method to eliminate old 1816 repair came which exposed the cracks. The owner wishes to remain anonymous. John Carmichael saw this dial in person in 2006 and says that it is being well-cared for by its owner and is beautifully displayed. Another box displays the Companion window. It is in good hands.
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Article by Christopher Daniel: (Jun 2004) St Clement Danes. The Sundial Page, "Clocks" Vol. 27/6
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ shows dial after 1816 restoration. Photo ‘b’ shows dial after 2004 restoration. Photo ‘c’ shows the Companion Window. Photo ‘d’ is photo ‘a’ but with a black background. Photo ‘e’ shows the gnomon hole. Photo ‘f’ shows photos ‘a’ and ‘c’. The photographer wishes to remain anonymous but says that anyone may use these photos.

Dial 12
The Bowden Porthole Dial
Co-designer and Delineator: Lee Bowden
Co-designer and Glazier: Joanne Bowden
Date: 1997
Original Location: Lat: 35° 43' N; Lon: 83° 59' W. Installed in a porthole type window 15 ft. above the entrance to Bowden's home, Maryville TN USA
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: vertical. Declines 63.5° east of south.
Size: diameter-76 cm (30 in)
Adornment: yellow and green wispy glass. There are no hour numerals for artistic reasons.
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is the first known stained glass sundial made in the United States. It has ten pieces of glass. It tells longitude corrected time, apparent Solar Noon, and has the declination lines for the purchase date of the Bowden's house. Nodus is a 'T' bar on wood gnomon. We are looking for better photos of this dial.
Article by Lee & Joanne Bowden (124 KB): (March 1997) A Stained Glass Window Sundial. "The Compendium" NASS Vol. 4-1 pgs. 24-26
Photo Descriptions: Photo copied from the Compendium article above.

Dial 13
The Shaw Double Pane Dial
Maker: Mike Shaw
Date: 2001
Original Location: Lat: 53° 22' N, Lon: 3° 2' W. Wirral England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: declines 76° west of south
Size: face- 40 x 40 cm (15.7 x 15.7 in), pane separation: .44 cm (.17 in)
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: A prototype table-top or window sill dial. Unique double glazed etched glass design. The outer pane has an etched double arrow gnomon that casts a shadow on the sundial face of the inner pane. Tells equinoxes, solstices and the time.
Mike Shaw’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Mike Shaw.

Dial 14
The Ulm Rathaus Dial
Maker: Hans Harderbeck
2009 Gnomon Restorer: Ulrich Weyer, Elbestr. 1, 89231 Neu-Ulm, Germany
Date: c. 1540
Original Location: Lat: 48° 24´ N. (from GPS) Lon: 9° 59’ E. In an old Book (Geburtsstundenbuch) from 1572 the latitude of Ulm is quoted with 48° 26´. The sundial is in the east wall of the little conference hall of Rathaus (City Hall), Marktplatz 1, Ulm Germany
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines east.
Size: 62 x 42.5 cm (24.4 x 16.7 in)
Adornment: On the left side is a knight in his armour with the banner of the German emperor and on the right side a mercenary with the black and white stripes banner of Ulm. The adjacent windows show the coats of arms of important aldermen and families of the free imperial city of Ulm. The shield with the black and white colors is the coat of arms of Ulm, the shield with the double headed eagle is the coat of arms of the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of German Nation.
Mottos: Original text- “Es stirbt der herr mit sampt dem knecht, Der frum(m) und auch der ungerecht, Unnd niemand wird am morgen geben, Zu wissen dises Aubens leben, Unnd ehe der mensch das recht befindt, Stund tag und Jar vergangen sind” (Trans- The Lord will die and equally the servant, The pious and the unjust man, And nobody will claim in the morning, To be still alive in the evening, And ere man comprehends this totally, Hours, days and years have gone)
Condition: Very good considering its great age! It has been cracked and re-leaded at some unknown date in the past. The gnomon has been restored at least once at an unknown date before 2004. But the ‘L’shaped gnomon had an incorrect orientation when it was inspected in 2009 by German professor, Ulrich Weyer (see photo ‘f’). Thanks to Mr. Weyer’s admirable efforts, The Lord Mayor of Ulm, Ivo Gönner, gave him permission to construct a new gnomon and to orient it correctly. It is a rectangular bar (400 mm x 19 mm x 2 mm). The edge next to the protective glass is toothed, and the top edge is plane. One reads the time from the shadow cast by the top smooth edge. Reading the bar shadow is a bit confusing, because it means that before VI you read the right (south) side of the shadow, at exactly VI you read the center of the shadow, and after IV you read the left (north) side of the shadow. His team constructed the gnomon in such a way that they can adjust the distance to the glass pane and the angle a little bit. In July 2009 he told us that he is measuring the distance of the shadow from the 6 o’clock line at different times in order to adjust the gnomon precisely. The investigation will take some time.
Comments: This is the world’s second oldest known stained glass sundial and is one of the world’s finest and most adored old sundials. It is the oldest stained glass sundial known that is still in sitio in its original location. It is one of my personal favorites (jc). The sundial is protected by an exterior clear glass pane. The new gnomon is 76.5 mm above inner side of the sundial. We’d like to thank Ulrich Weyer for his loving attention to restoring this fine old historical sundial. Hats off to him! We are most grateful for the new photos he sent us.
Behrendt VHS Transcript: Here
Baden-Wuerttemberg Website: Here
Ulm Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Ulrich Weyer’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is from an unknown source and we acquired it around 2004 I think. Photos ‘b’ to ‘l’ were taken by Ulrich Weyer in 2009 and were kindly sent to us by him. Photo ‘b’ is an interior photo that shows the shadow from the 2009 restored correctly aligned gnomon. Photo ‘c’ shows all the interior windows along the interior east wall of the little conference room. Photo ‘d’ shows magnificent east side windows and building from the exterior with five human figures- the central figure is of Emperor Charles the Great flanked by a german shield bearer on the left side and a french shield bearer on the right. On the far left is the king of Hungary and on the far right the king of Bohemia. Photo ‘e’ shows the previous bent gnomon with the wrong orientation. Photo ‘f’ shows sundial window with the new gnomon and the gorgeous central figure of Emperor Charles the Great. Photos ‘g’ to ‘l’ show the windows close-up from the interior. Photo ‘m’ is an old photo of the Rathaus copied from an unknown website. Photos ‘n’, ‘o’, ‘p’ are from the Flickr websites above. Photo ‘q’ is an analysis done by John Carmichael comparing the sundial to Shadows Pro sundial generator program drawings to determine the correct placement of the new gnomon. This verifys that Ulrich Weyer’s calculations were correct. Please ask photographers permission to use their photos. Photo ‘r’- shows the new gnomo. Photo ‘s’- shows measurements of time lines. Photo ‘t’- shows the new gnomon’s shadow

Dial 15
A Diptych Projection Dial
Designer: L. Papirius Cursor (Robert Terwilliger)
Date: March, 1995
Original Location: drawing appears in NASS "Compendium" (Vol. 2-1, 03/95, p12. Ave Amici by L. Papirius Cursor)
Orientation: Vertical. Faces south and made for 40° N. and adjusted (tilted) to work at 25° N.
Size: pedestal size
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Comments: This is a conceptual drawing. This type of dial was recently invented in 1994 by Dutch dialist Thibaud Taudin-Chabot. There are no known full-scale examples of this extremely rare sundial type installed anywhere. When lit by the sun, the sundial face on the glass projects its image onto a receiving surface. In a building, this could be a wall or a floor. The sundial doesn't have a fixed gnomon attached. Instead, the gnomon is simply a dot on the receiving surface. As the sun moves across the sky, the projected sundial image moves across the receiving surface. The location of the dot gnomon on the projected image indicates the correct time and can also indicate the date.The lack of a three dimensional gnomon makes this type of dial more resistant to damage. Projection dials must have transparent glass or plastic that's colored or clear. They can't have translucent opalescent glass
Article by Fred Sawyer: (August 1994) A Stained Glass Diptych Pattern. "The Compendium" Vol. 1-3 pgs. 6-8 NASS
Article by Robert Terwilliger: (pen Name: Ave Amici. L. Papirius Cursor) (March 1995). Ave Amici. "The Compendium" Vol. 2-1 pg. 12 NASS
Article by Thibaud Taudin-Chabot: (August 1994) A Transparent Window Dial. "The Compendium" Vol. 1-3 pgs. 6-8 NASS
Twig's Digs Website: Here
Robert Terwilliger’s Email: Here
Thibaud Taudin-Chabot’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is copied from ‘The Compendium’.

Dial 16
The Bateman Noon Dial
Maker: Douglas Bateman
Engraver: T & W Ide
Date: 1996
Original Location: Lat: 51° 16' 45" N. Lon: 0° 47' 33" W. On curtain wall of Cody Building, QinetiQ Ltd, Farnborough England
Present Location: At original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 13.5° west of south
Size: 2 x 1.2 m (78.7 x 47 in)
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: Acid etched glass with shot blasted beaded analemma that's gilded in gold leaf. Elliptical disc gnomon with solar image projection hole. Shows Apparent and Mean noon and the date. Accuracy: +/- 7 seconds.
Article by Christopher Daniel (1 MB): (Dec 1996) A Shattering Experience. The Sundial Page, "Clocks" Vol. 9/7
"Sundials in Dera" (PDF 2MB) Booklet: Here
"The Noon Dial" (PDF 643 KB) Booklet: Here
Qinetiq’s Website: Here
Doug Bateman’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’- Interior view of dial and gnomon. Photo ‘b’- Interior view at noon on winter solstice. Photo ‘c’- Exterior view after noon on equinox. Photo ‘d’- Interior view from concourse below balcony
Photos of Window Construction: Here

Dial 17
The Hartman Shelter Dial
Maker: Claude Hartman, Arroyo Grande, CA, USA
Date: 1998
Original Location: Ruette Austria
Present Location: current location unknown
Orientation: 2 faces: horizontal and south reclining
Size: unknown
Adornment: flower hour markers and landscape
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: Award winning design. Graphics show drawings and prototype.
Article by Claude Hartman: (August 2000) The Ruette Sundial Competition. "The Compendium" NASS Vol. 7-2 pgs. 24-27
Claude Hartman’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Claude Hartman.

Dial 18
The Hartman Skylight Dial
Maker: Claude Hartman
Date: 1999
Original Location: Sundial is the porch ceiling at Mr. Hartman’s home in Arroyo Grande, CA, USA.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown (large)
Adornment: hourly analemmas
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: The only known full-scale ceiling transparent sundial. Face is shade cloth. Gnomon is simply a gap in another shade cloth placed above the sundial face. Note how it uses a bright slash of sunlight (or "antishadow") to mark the hour!
Claude Hartman’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Claude Hartman.

Dial 19
The Marlborough Dial
Maker: Unknown, possibly John Oliver (1616-1701)
Date: Possibly 1653
Original Location: in the upper centre window of the Paneled Chamber 20 ft. (6m.) above ground level at The Merchant's House, Marlborough, Wiltshire England.
Present Location: at original location, Marlborough England
Orientation: Vertical. Declines about 45° East of South
Size: 18.7 x 22.2 cm (47.5 x 8.7 in)
Adornment: Golden scroll surrounds dial face. Fly in empty inner field whose left side margin is the meridian line. Tendrils are on margin. Angel heads are on left and right. Below is a horned face mask.
Mottos: "Dum Spectas Fugio" (While you watch, I fly), "Sic Vita" (So doth life)
Condition: Original bolted gnomon and mounting bar was struck by lightning sometime before 1863 when Gatty sketched the dial, and it fell off, cracking the glass. Cracks were re-leaded sometime in the late 1990s by an unknown glazier. In July 2004 restorers (BSS dialists David Brown & Peter Walker) installed an improvised replacement 4 mm stainless steel rod gnomon painted with green enamel. It's attached to a vertical support stay that's screwed to the building's wood molding above the dial. Small screws at the top of the stay helped the installer to properly adjust the gnomon's position. Gatty's sketch shows the top decorative pane which no longer exists.
Comments: Gatty mentions the superb realistic painting of the fly- “the wings were painted on one side of the glass while the body and legs were on the other side, so as to deceive the spectator". The number "45" is scratched to the outside of the glass near the gnomon attachment point and is probably the dial's declination.
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Gatty Article from Book: Here
Gatty Book: Gatty, Mrs. (1872, with 4th edition in 1900) Stained Glass Window Sundials. "The Book of Sun-Dials". Eden & Loyd, London
Marlborough Website: Here
Merchant’s House Website: Here
Wiltshire Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
David Brown’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ to ‘i’ are courtesy of Andrew James and David Brown. Photo ‘j’ is courtesy of alh1 from Flickr website above.

Dial 20
The La Sapienza Noon Dial
Maker: Mario Catamo, Cesare Lucarini
Date: 2000
Original Location: On a large window at Faculty of Pharmacy, University "La Sapienza", Rome Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Probably declines south
Size: unknown
Adornment: Medieval pharmacopiae alchemical symbols surround the analemma.
Mottos: “Hora Aetnea XII, Si Sedes Nox Is, 2000” (trans?)
Condition: unknown
Comments: Dial has an etched glass face. A Standard Time noon dial that also tells the date. Unique external gnomon is a tri-focal lens system.
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Mario Catamo.

Dials 21 22 23
The Grotto Dials
Maker: Alessandro Grotto
Date: 2000
Original Location: Lat: 45.52° N, Lon: 11.55° E. In private residence, Vicenza Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: All are vertical. Dials 21 & 22 decline 63° west of south; Dial 23 declines 27.22° west of south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: The Equation of Time
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: These are made for exterior balcony railings, window sills or table-tops.  The gnomon is opposite the viewing side, and is made with a taut cable, with a small sphere for a nodus.  These dials also tell the date.
Alessandro Grotto Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Alessandro Grotto.
Dial 21:
Dial 22:
Dial 23:

Dial 24
The Murer Map Dial
Maker: by artist Josias Murer of Oberwinterthur Switzerland from brother Johann Murer's (1556-1641) instructions.
Date: 1620 or 1630 according to Monika Leonhardt, M.A. at Uhrenmuseum Beyer (Beyer Clock Museum) in Zurich.
Original Location: lat: 47º 33' N, Lon: 7º 35' E. We previously thought that its original location was in a leaded window at the Federal Astronomical Observatory of Zurich in Switzerland. In 2008, Mrs. Sigrid Pallmert SLM, curator of the Swiss National Museum in Zürich, told us in 2008 that its original location was at “Eidgenössische Sternwarte Zürich” (Semper Sternwarte, near the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology).
Present Location: In July 2008, with the help of Monika Leonhardt and Sigrid Pallmert, we found out that the sundial now is in the depository of the Swiss National Museum in Affoltern am Albis. Sadly, it is not on display.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: Hans Behrendt said that it measures 30 cm (11.8 in) in diameter, but Sigrid Pallmert says that it measures 27.5 cm (10.82 in).
Adornment: map of Europe, zodiacal signs.
Mottos: ‘Vt hora Sic uita fugit’. In Latin only one letter is used for “U” and “V”. So You have to read UT HORA SIC VITA FUGIT: (trans. ALIKE THE HOUR LIFE FLIES)
Inscriptions: At the top it says- "Johan Murer Pfarrer zu Rickenb." ("Johan Murer rector at Rickenbach").
Condition: A photograph of it sent to us in July 2008 shows it to be in excellent condition. But the gnomon might be missing.
Comments: Dial has four time systems. Indicates where in the world it is noon. Several reproductions exist.
Article by Hans Behrendt (in German): Here
Behrendt VHS Transcript (in German): Here
Swiss Museum Website: Here
Monika Leohardt’s Email: Here
Sigrid Pallmert’s Email: Here
Andrea Kunz’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Copying and reproduction of photos ‘a’ and ‘b’ is strictly prohibited without written permission from Swiss National Museum. John Carmichael has signed a permission form with the museum which allows us to publish the photo here. Contact Andrea Kunz at the museum for permission. Other photos may be used without permission. Photo ‘a’ is the best known photo of the actual sundial that is owned by the Swiss National Museum in Zurich. In July 2008, Monika Leonhardt sent it to John Carmichael. She obtained the photo from Sigrid Pallmert. John has asked Mrs. Pallmert and Andrea Kunz, lic. phil to send him a better high resolution photo. Photo a’s negative number at the museum is- COL-0638. Photo ‘b’ is a cropped copy of photo ‘a’. Photo ‘c’ is copied from Hans Behrendt’s videotape and probably shows the actual sundial mounted in a leaded window at its original location. Photos ‘d’ and ‘e’ are window hanging modern reproductions. Photo ‘f’ is a still frame copy from Hans Behrendt’s videotape showing a table-top reproduction. Photo ‘g’ is an excellent black and white drawing of the original sundial by an unknown artist.

Dial 25
The Oglesby Deck Dial
Maker: Mac Oglesby
Date: 1991
Original Location: Lat: 36.8° N. Long: 81.8° W. in private residence, Glade Spring, VA, USA
Present Location: private collection, Brattleboro VT, USA
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 27° east
Size: 30 x 30 cm (12 x 12 in)
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: 12" square Plexiglas in redwood frame. Gnomon glued to plastic. Black hour dots are 1/4" dimples drilled into the sunny side, then painted black before the entire sunny side was sanded (for paint adhesion) and sprayed yellow. Not too thick, not too thin, just the right amount of paint for proper translucence. Vinyl, self-adhesive numerals and letters.
Mac Oglesby’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Mac Oglesby.

Dial 26
The Eversden Parva Dial
Designer: George Higgs
Artisan: David Gulland
Date: unknown
Original Location: in private collection, somewhere in England.
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Declines west
Size: 17.8 x 22.9 cm (7 x 9 in)
Adornment: wild boar in country, The Equation of Time
Mottos: none
Adornment: wild boar in country, The Equation of Time, the inscription: "Eversden Parva"
Condition: excellent
Comments: etched glass for window hanging. Designed to hang 2.54 cm (1 in) in front of a window's interior side. Dial has an aperture gnomon that's a dot painted on the house's window with a tiny hole in its center that casts a light beam onto the etched glass dial face.
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of the owner who wishes to remain anonymous.

Dial 27
The George Higgs Memorial Dial
Glass Engraver: David Gulland
Designer and Delineator: John Higgs, son of George Higgs
Date: 1994
Original Location: Lat: 54° 50' N; Lon: 4° 03' W. On the second floor at rear of the building. Tolbooth Art Centre, Kirkcudbright, Scotland
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 30° west of south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: The window dial in Kirkcudbright is divided into four panes, three of which depict Galloway sundials associated with Higgs. The engraving in the fourth pane is of a vertical declining dial and graph of the equation of time to enable the correction for Greenwich Mean Time to be applied. Also etched are The Equation of Time and British Sundial Society logo.
Mottos: None
Inscriptions: 1900 GRH 1994, BSS
Condition: excellent
Comments: Four pane window of double pane etched glass installed by members of the British Sundial Society to honor the distinguished work of BSS chairman, George Higgs (1900 -1994). for his design and restoration of sundials in Scotland. Sundial is in lower right pane. The gnomon is an engraved spot on the outer pane and which casts its shadow on the abraded surface of the inner pane was an original concept designed by Higgs. He discovered subsequently that this idea had first been suggested in 17th century France. Open to the public.
Article by David Young: (1997) The George Higgs Memorial Window
Tolbooth Art Centre Website: Here
Kirk Cudbright Website: Here
24 Hour Museum Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’- Original photo. Photos ‘b’ and ‘c’- Transformed photos with black and white glass on false color background. Photo ‘d’- Sundial Pane.

Dial 28
The Widdington Church Dial
Maker: prob. John Oliver (1616-1701)
Date: 1664
Original Location: South wall of Widdington Church, Essex England
Present Location: The dial has been re-mounted in a north window of Widdington Church which has a protective grill outside.
Orientation: originally for a vertical south wall
Size: 46 x 23 cm (18.1 x 9 in)
Adornment: crown, hourglass & wings
Mottos: none
Condition: cracked, re-leaded, gnomon missing
Comments: The church guide says- "SUNDIAL with hourglass and crown, dated 1664. Originally in one of the south windows and placed here in 1874. This window may be earlier than 12th century." Since we are certain that this window is not from the 12th century, Mike Cowham rightly says- "I am not sure what part of the window is supposed to be 12th century unless it is the stone frame!" We are looking for a color copy of Eden's drawing.
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D and shows actual sundial at original location. Photo ‘b’ is courtesy of Mike Cowham, taken Jan 2005 and shows remounted sundial at new location with grill. Photo ‘c’ is a photocopy of drawing by F. Sydney Eden that is probably of a reproduction. Original color drawing is at the Victoria & Albert Museum, London England (Catalog # E297-1922). Photos ‘d’ and ‘e’ are by John Carmichael.

Dial 29
The Non Sine Lumine Dial
Maker: John Oliver (1616-1701)
Date: 1664 or 1665
Original Location: somewhere in England
Present Location: Unknown exactly. Last known to be in a private collection in the late 1900 in Southport Ct USA.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines west
Size: unknown
Adornment: a fly
Mottos: "non sine lumine" (Not without light)
Condition: unknown
Comments: by Mr. Lane: “Designed like a mathematical scale. The style of the inscription appears on a number of dials attributed to John Oliver.” If anybody knows where this dial is located or has more photos, please tell us.
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Geoffrey Lane from his BSS Bulletin article (see link above).

Dial 30
The Nailsea Court Dial
Maker: probably by John Oliver (1616-1701), but there isn't direct evidence to support it.
Date: 1686
Original Location: Lat: 51.43° N; Lon: 2.75° W. In the Langford Room at Nailsea Court, Somerset (Avon) England
Present Location: stolen from Nailsea Court, present location unknown.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines about 35° East of South
Size: 26.1 x 18.7 cm (10 1/4 x 7 3/8 in)
Adornment: bird on branch looks at fly, winged hourglass, ornamental cartouche
Mottos: Dum Spectas Fugio (While you Watch I Flee)
Condition: cracked. Gnomon hole in glass
Comments: The Nailsea Court dial, one of England's most famous sundials, is frequently copied & recopied. Now lost. In January 2007 a replacement reproduction made by Carol Arnold was installed at Nailsea Court in the original window. See photos of it on the 21st century page of this website- Dial 367.
Article by Christopher Daniel: (2004) “Sundials” a Shire Book
Article by Chris Daniel: ‘Bird in Hand’ from "Clocks" magazine, Vol. 24/9, Oct 2001
Description of Carol Arnold's Reproduction Prototype: Here
Nailsea Court Website: Here
Carol Arnold's Reproduction Website: Here
Replacement Reproduction (Dial 367): Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D and photo ‘a’ is the original Nailsea Court dial. Photo ‘b’ is courtesy of Antonio J. Cañones and is a drawing by Wilfred Drake of the Derby dial which was last reported to be in the A. L. Radford collection in New York. The Derby Dial is a good 1888 reproduction by Frederick Drake that was made for Derby England. Photos ‘c’ and ‘d’ are a dial that was recently discovered in New York and purchased for private collection in Spain- this might be a copy of the Derby Dial. It's 30 cm tall with painting on both sides and hangs from a chain. Photo ‘e’ and ‘j’ are of Carol Arnold’s St Michaels Dial- the replacement prototype (Dial 223). ‘Photo ‘f’’ is the building. Photo ‘g’ is close-up of original dial. Photo ‘h’ is a 1923 sketch of The Langford Room showing the dial's original location. Photo ‘i’ is of entire window group.

Dial 31
The Lambeth Palace Dial
Maker: John Oliver (1616-1701)
Date: 1600's
Original Location: Originally was in the Presence Chamber of Lambeth Palace, London, England.
Present Location: Was moved to a window in Lollard's Tower of Lambeth Palace, London, England. It's unknown if it's still there.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south
Size: unknown
Adornment: a fly
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: drawing by F. Sydney Eden. Original color drawing of sundial is in the print Room Collection at the Victoria & Albert Museum, London England (Catalog # E956-1926). We are looking for more information and better photos of this dial or a color copy of Eden's drawing.
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Lambeth Palace Library Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is from unknown source.

Dial 32
The Hexagon Dial
Maker: John Oliver (1616-1701)
Date: 1665
Original Location: somewhere in England
Present Location: unknown. Last seen in the Wilfred Drake collection
Orientation: Vertical. Declination is undetermined.
Size: unknown
Adornment: a fly
Mottos: “Dum Spectas Fugio, Mors Venit” (I fly while you watch, death comes)
Condition: unknown. Gnomon is missing.
Comments: drawing by F. Sydney Eden. We are looking for more information and better photos of this dial.
Photo Descriptions: Photo is from unknown source.

Dial 33
The Roy Grossvenor Thomas Dial
Maker: prob. John Oliver (1616-1701)
Date: 1652
Original Location: somewhere in England
Present Location: Roy Grossvenor Thomas Collection
Orientation: Vertical. Declination is undetermined.
Size: unknown
Adornment: fly, hourglass, wings
Mottos: "Tempus dax rerum" (Time, the devourer of all things)
Condition: unknown
Comments: We are looking for more information and better photos of this dial.
Behrendt VHS Transcript: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is from unknown source.

Dial 34
The Sleeping Sun Dial
(more information below)
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘b’ is the original photo, and photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of it.

Dial 35
The Sun & Doves Dial
(more information below)
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘b’ is the original photo, and photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of it.

Dial 36
The Sun & Hourlines Dial
(more information below)
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of the original which is missing.

Dial 37
The Green Rainbow Dial
(more information below)
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of the original which is missing.

Dial 38
The Red Drops Dial
(more information below)
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of the original which is missing.

Dial 39
The Sun with Moustache Dial
(more information below)
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of the original which is missing.

Dial 40
The Lullingstone Castle Dial
Maker: unknown, possibly by Henry Gyles (1645-1709)
Date: 2nd half of the 1600's
Original Location: Lullingstone Castle, Kent, England
Present Location: south side of St. Botolph's Church, Lullingstone, Kent, England
Orientation: declines about 15º west of south
Size: 60 x 30 cm (24 x 12 in)
Adornment: A very realistic fly with wings and body is on different sides of the glass. There is a sun face and Father Time with a scythe and an hour glass. At top corners two putti are holding festoons of ribbon. Below the dial is a square panel with painting in enamel of a four-masted ship in full sail having two tiers of guns, in a stormy sea (Trevor Brighton says this signifies the passing of time). Some initials (might be “R W J 22-om”) were scratched on the external surface above the 'noon' symbol.
Mottos: Immediately below the dial, almost hidden by an iron saddlebar, is “ASPICE ME VT ASPICIAR” (look at me and I am looked at)
Condition: good, cracked glass surrounds 5 mm gnomon hole. Gnomon is missing. Three other holes (3 mm dia.), probably for support stays, have been drilled in the outer glass perimeter if the dial, between I and III. Window was restored twice.
Comments: It’s a fine circular dial with broken pediment. Dial panel is the center panel of a three-paneled window in the nave. Has flat lead came (6 and 8 mm) in good condition, but unfortunately it’s not original. Second restoration was by Keith & Judy Hill.
Article by Christopher Daniel (2 MB): (1987) Shedding a Glorious Light. "Country Life" 181, 72-75
Glass Conservation Website: Here
St. Botolphs Website: Here
Farningham & Eynsford Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D and shows dial after 1st restoration in the 1930's. Photo ‘b’ is courtesy of Keith & Judy Hill and shows recent restoration. Photos ‘c’ is from unknown source. Photo ‘d’ is courtesy of Mark Ynys-Mon from Flickr website above.

Dial 41
The Gilling Castle Dial
Maker: Bernhard Dininckoff, member of York School of Glass Painting
Date: 1585
Original Location: The Great Chamber of Gilling Castle, York, North Yorkshire, England
Present Location: original site
Orientation: Vertical. undetermined
Size: unknown
Adornment: undetermined
Mottos: Latin mottos are present in scrolls on the left and right sides, but they are difficult to read.
Condition: fair. Glass is cracked. Some cracks have been re-leaded. Gnomon is present.
Comments: Magnificent heraldic window contains the oldest known English painted Glass Sundial. The windows of the room show the genealogy and heraldry of the Fairfax family. Signed and dated by Dininckoff. A tiny portrait of him is below sundial. We urge anybody who might be visiting York England to please investigate this wonderful dial for us and get us some more photos.
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Article by Christopher Daniel: (2004) “Sundials” a Shire Book
Article by Christopher Daniel (2 MB): (1987) Shedding a Glorious Light. "Country Life" 181, 72-75
Gilling Castle Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D.

Dial 42
The Leigh Park Hall Dial
Maker: Probably by John Oliver (1616-1701)
Date: 1664
Original Location: Leigh Park Hall, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire England
Present Location: in original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines about 80° West of South
Size: oval- 35 x 27 cm (13.8 x 10.6 in)
Adornment: skull & crossbones
Mottos: none
Condition: cracked
Comments: restored. We need good high resolution photos of this dial of both the exterior and interior.
Article by Christopher Daniel (2 MB): (1987) Shedding a Glorious Light. "Country Life" 181, 72-75
Stoke-on-Trent Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D and is copied from Mr. Daniel’s article above. It was photoshopped to fix perspective.

Dial 43
The Daisy Dial
Designer, Delineator and Glass Artisan: Gay Ogg, accomplished English painter and photographer who makes occasional stained glass pieces.
Date: 1981
Original Location: Designed for a house in Dulwich, southeast London England
Present Location: Was removed from Dulwich and taken to Woodbridge, Suffolk England where in 2005 it rests in a window and is wrongly positioned
Orientation: Vertical. Originally designed to decline west of south.
Size: about 42 cm (17 in)
Adornment: Ox eye daisies are in a beautiful simple rare circular design. Has a tiny yellow ladybug which was put on the dial at the special request of the people it was made for.
Mottos: none
Condition: very good
Comments: Mrs. Ogg taught herself how to design her sundials from reading about them in a book. (see letter below). She made this dial for a double glazed window using antique blue flashed glass, acid etching (hydrofluoric acid), painting and silver staining- traditional methods taught to her by Lawrence Lee. She measured the declination using a shadow cast from a plumb line and a computer program written by her 14 year old son, and she calculated the gnomon size to allow for the thickness of the two layers of glass and the space between them.
Article by Christopher Daniel (2 MB): (1987) Shedding a Glorious Light. "Country Life" 181, 72-75
Letter from Mrs. Ogg: Here
Stuart Ogg Art Website: Here
V.G. Ogg’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Gay Ogg.

Dial 44
The Diamond Dial
Maker: John Oliver (1616-1701)
Date: 1648
Original Location: unknown location in England
Present Location: In a south window of the Directors office at The Museum of The History of Science, Oxford, Oxfordshire England
Orientation: Vertical. Declines east.
Size: height-14.3 cm (5.6 in)
Adornment: a fly
Mottos: none
Condition: fair. Gnomon is missing.
Comments: came from the Lewis Evans Collection. It's Interesting that hours 4 to 9 are Arabic numerals, but X and XI are in Roman numerals. Viewing by permission only. We need a better photo.
Article by Christopher Daniel (2 MB): (1987) Shedding a Glorious Light. "Country Life" 181, 72-75
Museum of The History of Science, Oxford Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’ are from unknown sources. Photo ‘d’ is from Hans Behrendt videotape.

Dial 45
The Goldfinch Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: unknown, 17th century
Original Location: unknown location in England
Present Location: In south wall stairway window at The Museum of the History of Science, Oxford England.
Orientation: Vertical. Designed for a window facing about 55° East of North.
Size: 25 x 25 cm (9.8 x 9.8 in)
Adornment: goldfinch on perch between 8th and 9th hour lines. The arms (bottom right) were granted to Edward Hayward of the inner temple in 1611.
Mottos: “Vesper In Ambiguo Est - Age(N)Dum - Mora Noxia - Cras Nil” (The evening is uncertain - Come now! - Delay is harmful - Tomorrow is nothing)
Condition: cracked. Gnomon is missing.
Comments: We wonder where its original location was.
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Museum of The History of Science, Oxford Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of John Carmichael (2004). Anyone may use these photos without permission.

Dial 46
The Christ Dial
Maker: Henry Gyles of York(1645-1709)
Date: 1687
Original Location: In a stairwell of University College, Oxford England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: 30 x 15 cm (11.8 x 5.9 in)
Adornment: Figure of Christ holding and orb with his left hand.
Mottos: "SUM VERA LUX" ("I am the True Light")
Condition: cracked, but otherwise in good condition. Was re-leaded at unknown date. Gnomon is missing.
Comments: The late English sundial historian, Margaret Stanier said in her booklet, “Oxford Sundials” (2003): “Gyles gave it to the college gratis on completing a large order for the east window of the Chapel. This is not the chapel’s present east window, but several plans of Gyles’ east window still exist elsewhere in the College.” She said that the dial would probably function if supplied with a new gnomon. Viewing is by permission only. We need updated information and more photos of this dial (interior and exterior). Please help!
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Page from "Stained Glass" by Lawrence Lee, George Seddon & Francis Stephens: Here
University College Oxford Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D. Photo ‘b’ is a page from "Stained Glass" by Lawrence Lee, George Seddon & Francis Stephens.

Dial 47
The Tong Hall Dial
Maker: Henry Gyles (1645-1709)
Date: 1702
Original Location: Window above Tong Hall's main door, Bradford Yorkshire, England. (near Leeds).
Present Location: At original location, but unfortunately, it's now obscured by a new entrance lobby.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines slightly west of south
Size: 91.4 x 152.4 cm (3 x 5 ft)
Adornment: The four Seasons
Mottos: undetermined
Condition: Fair. Cracked and restored. According to C. Daniel, "it is probably the finest known complete (English) stained glass dial still in place and relatively undamaged." It is unknown if Mr. Daniel was saying that the dial is not cracked. It is also unknown if the dial is currently cracked or if the cracked glass has been replaced.
Comments: We need for someone to investigate this historical dial to find out if it is cracked or not and to get new photos. We need interior and exterior high quality new photos. Please help!
Article by Christopher Daniel: (2004) “Sundials” a Shire Book
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Tong Bradford Website: Here
Tong Family Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is from unknown source and shows exterior view of dial above Tong Hall's main entrance. Photos ‘b’ and ‘c’ show interior view. Photo ‘b’ shows lead came from a restoration to fix cracks. Shadow says 10:50. Photo ‘b’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D. Black and while photo ‘c’ shows the dial without cracks. It is unknown which photo is older. But it is my guess that photo ‘c’ is older.

Dial 48
The Norwich Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: 1648
Original Location: Norwich England
Present Location: Moved to a south window of the Director's office at The Museum of The History of Science, Oxford, Oxfordshire England
Orientation: Vertical. Declines about 15° East of South
Size: Dial Face is about 14 cm (5.5 in) high. Original oval panel at Norwich measured 27.5 x 21 cm (10.8 x 8.3 in)
Adornment: a sun around gnomon hole. It is odd that when the dial was at Norwich, German words appear in the oval surrounding the dial. We have not been able to translate these words. Behrendt said this: "This black-and-white picture has long posed a riddle. The south-east dial face is surrounded with a compound inscription, possibly taken from a 'Kreisring' [annulus]. The text cannot be deciphered.
Mottos: “Dum Spectas Fugio” (I Fly While You Watch)
Condition: fair. Gnomon is now missing.
Comments: Was a gift to the museum from Dennis King of Norwich, the glazier who installed the window at the Museum in 1956. Viewing is by permission only.
Museum of The History of Science, Oxford Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ shows original installation in Norwich. This poor quality photo and some of this information are copied from an article by Hans Behrendt called "Alte Englischen Fenstersonnenhren (II)" 1990. Photo ‘b’ shows current installation at the museum. Photo ‘c’ is from the Hans Behrendt videotape.

Dial 49
The Beccheroni Dial
Maker: Ugo Beccheroni
Date: 1999
Original Location: Bologna Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: The Equation of Time
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: A table-top or window sill dial. Lead shot between the two plates casts a shadow
Photo Descriptions: I have lost track of the source of this photo. My apologies to the photographer. j.c.

Dial 50
A Diptych Projection Sundial
Maker: Robert Terwilliger, USA
Date: 1994
Original Location: Lat: 40º N. (but it’s adjustable)
Present Location: At maker's location
Orientation: South facing dial has two faces oriented SE and SW
Size: Model is 5 1/2" without column, If built to full size, receiving surface would be about 2-3 feet below eye level.
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Condition: Original felt tip pen coloring is now faded.
Comments: This type of dial was recently invented in 1994 by Dutch dialist Thibaud Taudin-Chabot. There are no known full-scale examples of this extremely rare sundial type installed anywhere! When lit by the sun, the sundial face on the glass projects its image onto a receiving surface. In a building, this could be a wall or a floor. The sundial doesn't have a fixed gnomon attached. Instead, the gnomon is simply a dot on the receiving surface. As the sun moves across the sky, the projected sundial image moves across the receiving surface. The location of the dot gnomon on the projected image indicates the correct time and can also indicate the date.The lack of a three dimensional gnomon makes this type of dial more resistant to damage. Projection dials must have transparent glass or plastic that's colored or clear. They can't have translucent opalescent glass. This is a plastic stand-alone dial. 1/4" foam board Image projection receiving surface has rounded brass nail head nodus.Dial is horizontal or angled on a plinth. Tells time, equinoxes and solstices. Time says 2:30 on this dial and the date is early fall. Based on original concepts by Fred Sawyer and Thibaud Taudin-Chabot.
Article by Fred Sawyer: (August 1994) A Stained Glass Diptych Pattern. "The Compendium" Vol. 1-3 pgs. 6-8 NASS.
Article by Robert Terwilliger: (pen Name: Ave Amici. L. Papirius Cursor) (March 1995). Ave Amici. "The Compendium" Vol. 2-1 pg. 12 NASS.
Article by Thibaud Taudin-Chabot: (August 1994) A Transparent Window Dial. "The Compendium" Vol. 1-3 pgs. 6-8 NASS.
Twig’s Digs Website: Here
Robert Terwilliger’s Email: Here
Thibaud Taudin-Chabot’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Thibaud Taudin Chabot and has been heavily restored using Photoshop.

Dial 51
The Oldest Known Stained Glass Sundial
Maker: unknown
Date: 1529
Original Location: somewhere in Germany. Reverse engineering of dial face by Gianni Ferrari puts the design location roughly at Lat: 44.9° N. which is in the far south of Germany in 1529.
Present Location: Adler Planetarium & Astronomy Museum, 1300 South Lake Shore Dr. Chicago, Illinois 60605 USA
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 13.3 east of south
Size: round- 27.9 x 27.9 x 0.9 cm (11 x 11 x .4 in)
Adornment: zodiacal signs and the letters- H.V.R.A.J
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent despite its age
Comments: This was probably made for use as a window hanging. It is the oldest known stained glass sundial in the world. It is unknown when, how and from whom Adler Planetarium acquired this valuable historical piece. We’d love to find out more details of its long history.
Adler Planetarium Website: Here
Igougo Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ and ‘b’ © Adler Planetarium & Museum. Photo ‘c’ was taken by kwasiak and copied from igougo website below. Photo ‘d’ is a map of Germany (1530) from unknown source.

Dial 52
The Skull Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: made in 1790
Original Location: Juergen Hoefeld told us that it was made for latitude 53° N for an unknown place in England. Perhaps he was referring to the reproduction. The British Museum says that it was made for latitude 55° N for an unknown place in Germany. Carmichael thinks that it is German
Present Location: At The British Museum, in the Department of Prehistory and Europe. London England. Its acquisition date was in 1958.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 6° east of south.
Size: Juergen Hoefeld says that it measures 31.5 x 20.5 cm. (12.4” x 8.1 in). Perhaps he was referring to the reproduction. The British Museum says that measures 26.0 x 20.2 cm. (10.2” x 8”).
Adornment: a skull and various instruments inscribed in cartouche
Mottos: FORSAN PERITVS CERTE PERITVRVS (Though you may be that clever, you must die as well)
Condition: very good, looks a little dirty in the photos. But the gnomon still exists! The British Museum says this about it: ” Vertical glass dial; rectangular; close-fitting white-metal frame of later date with gabled extension above; dial-plate painted as a vertical dial declining 6 degrees east; brass exterior polar gnomon.” It was purchased through Christie's and donated by Gilbert Edgar. The previous owner/ex-collection was Courtenay Adrian Ilbert.
Comments: Photos ‘a’ to ‘d’ are photos of the original sundial © The Trustees of the British Museum, Photo ‘e’ is of a reproduction of the original sundial.
British Museum Website: Here
Skull Dial Webpage: Here
Photo Descriptions: We copied photos ‘a’, ‘b’ and ‘c’ with the written permission of the British Museum from their website. To use these photos, please obtain permission from the museum by going to their website above. Photo ‘d’ is cropped version of photo ‘a’. Photo ‘e’ is courtesy of Juergen Hoefeld and was sent to us in 2003, and was photoshopped to add border. You may use his photo without permission.

Dial 53
The Zodiac Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: 1762
Original Location: unknown location at 48° N. in southern Germany
Present Location: Wurttembergisches Landesmuseum, Stuttgart, Germany
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: 24 x 20 cm (9.4 x 7.9 in)
Adornment: figures of the Zodiac, Angel with Heavens, sphere & compass
Mottos: undetermined
Condition: unknown
Comments: shadow shows the date also. We are looking for more information and good photos of this dial
Stuttgart Museum Website: Here
Review of Wurttemberg Museum Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘b’ is courtesy of Juergen Hoefeld and sent to us in 2003. Photo ‘a’ is photoshopped version of photo ‘b’.

Dial 54
The Chronos Dial
Maker: Johann Rudolf Huber (1668-1748).
Date: 1731
Original Location: unknown location in Germany or Switzerland
Present Location: At Historic Museum in Basel Switzerland.
Orientation: Vertical. Declination unknown
Size: 14 x 14 cm (5.5 x 5.5 in)
Adornment: Winged god Chronos with scythe, floating on clouds, holding a cloth that Death folds back
Mottos: "As time goes by, then comes death, oh man regard, and fear God."
Condition: unknown
Comments: Design is symbolic representation of a sundial as reminder of the end of human life. Page 184 of Renè Rohr's book "Die Sonnenuhr" shows three glass sundials. The text for the Chronus Dial (picture 288) focuses on the specialty of Basel: For several hundred years the so called Basel-time was used. This is why the noon line goes to 1 o'clock. The two big sundials at the tower of Basel Muenster also show this Basel-time.
Photo Plate 8 by Rene Rohr: (1996) "Sundials: History, Theory and Practice" Dover Publications.
Basel Tourist Attractions Website: Here
Historic Museum, Basel Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ and ‘c’ are courtesy of Juergen Hoefeld which he sent to us in 2003. Photo ‘a’ is of the original dial. Photo ‘c’ is of a modern reproduction. Photos ‘b’ and ‘e’ are photoshopped versions of photo ‘c’. Photos ‘d’ and ‘f’ are courtesy of Alain Ferreria (taken in 2008) which he sent to us. They are of the original dial.

Dial 55
The Ambras Castle Dial
Maker: unknown. There are no records regarding the artist who was presumeably a Swabian artist.
Date: 1550. Since the Roman numerals MDL = 1550 are indicated on the glass plate it is assumed that the sundial was created then.
Original Location: Lat- 47° 15 ' 23 " N, Lon- 11° 26 ' 02 " E. Window of a chapel on the eastern side of the castle. The chapel does not exist anymore. Ambras Castle near Innsbruck Austria. Swabian origin, Germany
Present Location: René R.J. Rohr said that it was in the Museum Fürangewandte Kunst (The Museum for Applied Art in Vienna Austria) in Wien, Austria. Ref: "Les cadrans solaires" (Histoire, Théorie, Pratique), Editions Oberlin, Strasbourg (1986). Thanks to recent investigations made by Elisabeth Druml in 2009, she confirms that it is currently stored in the museum archives and is unfortunately not on display. Today (2009), the stained glass sundial is kept in the archive of the Museum of Applied Arts in Vienna. Many art treasures of the Castle of Ambras were moved to Vienna to keep them safe when Tyrol was conquered by the troops of Napoleon and the Bavarians. The sundial is still stored there. The glass sundial is kept under the inventory number 2808 in this museum.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 16.8° west of south
Size: round. Plate Diameter- 38.5 cm (14.9 in)
Adornment: angel head and putto with heavens globe, astronomical instruments and small block dial. Fly in chapter ring at 9:45 (legs and body on outside and wings on inside)
Inscriptions: Above the dial an explanation or instructions for using the sundial are provided, the second part of which continues annularly around the dial. (See pdf attachment for details).
Mottos: undetermined
Condition: fair. Gnomon with sphere is missing.
Comments: Has three different time notations. Day and night lengths 8-16 are beneath noon line. It is presumed that the former owners of the castle, the Schurf family, gave the order for this sundial. The inscription suggests Swabian origin due to vernacular characteristics. In 1563, archduke Ferdinand II (1529-1595) acquired the castle of Ambras. At the same time he advanced to Prince of Tyrol according to the last will of his father emperor Ferdinand I. A year later he signed over the Castle of Ambras to Philippine Welser, a woman of a middle class family in Augsburg, he was secretly married to. We are deeply indebted to Karl Schwarzinger for sending us updated information and photo ‘g’ showing the original dial.
References: Harro H. Kühnelt: “Die Glasmalerei – Sonnenuhr des Museums für Angewandte Kunst in Wien, Schriften der Freunde alter Uhren 1972/73, Heft XII”. Hans Behrendt : “Glas – Sonnenuhren“, Schriften der Freunde alter Uhren 1980, Heft XIX. An article on the stained glass sundial of the Castle of Ambras may have beed published in the bulletin "RUNDSCHREIBEN" of the Working Group for Sundials in the Austrian Astronomical Society.
Karl Swarzinger’s Ambras Castle SGS Info Pages: Here
Behrendt VHS Transcript: Here
Vienna Museum’s Website: Here
Encyclopedia Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘d’ and ‘e’ are of a German 20th century window hanging reproduction and are from unknown source. Photo ‘f’ ©: MAK/Georg Mayer. Mrs. Dr. Ilse Fabian from the Working Group Sundials in the Austrian Astronomical Association has been given opportunity to photograph the original stained glass sundial. This photo was kindly sent to us by Karl Schwarzinger.

Dial 56
The Elmdon Dial
Maker: Possibly John Oliver (1616-1701)
Date: mid 1600's
Original Location: The deconsecrated redundant St Dunstan's Church in nearby Wenden Lofts England.
Present Location: Salvaged and rescued from the deconsecrated St Dunstan's Church in 1958. Dial now resides in the St Nicholas' Church, Elmdon, Essex, in the East window of the South aisle.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines about 5° west of south
Size: estimation- 25 cm x 19 cm (10 x 7.4 in)
Adornment: Wings and hourglasss, scrollwork with motto.
Mottos:  “Sic Vita” (Such is life!), “Nulla dies sine linea” (No day without a line)
Condition: In 2005 it was fair. Gnomon is missing.
Comments: A reproduction of this dial was made in 2005 by Grace Wallis. See Dial 230 in the 21st Century section of our Image Archive. The pub across the road is called 'The Elmdon Dial' and has a sign that is a good likeness of the original.
The Elmdon Dial Pub Website: Here
The Elmdon Church Dial Replica: Here
Photo Descriptions: courtesy of Mike Cowham and John Carmichael. Photos ‘a’ to ‘g’ show the dial. Photo ‘h’ is the plaque. Photo ‘i’ is the sign of the pub across the street from the church. Photo ‘j’ is the Elmdon Dial Pub entrance.

Dial 57
The Weavers' Company Dial
Maker: John Oliver (1616-1701)
Date: 1669
Original Location: the Hall of the Worshipful Company of Weavers, London, England
Present Location: moved to the Weavers' Company almshouses, New Wanstead, London (Weavers' House, 78-82A, rear window of new annex)
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 15° east of south.
Size: 83.3 x 43.5 cm (32.8 x 17.1 in)
Adornment: Wings with hourglass, heraldic shield, spider on web attacks fly.
Mottos: “Dum Spectas Fugio” (I fly while you watch)
Condition: good, restored.
Comments: In 1916 window was removed and stored for safekeeping during Zeppelin bombing raids on London. It was then lost in storage in the Company's New Wanstead premises. Thanks to the detailed inventories of The Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, a search found this valuable dial shortly prior to its restoration in 1988. It was cleaned and restored with a new brass gnomon, fitted to a brass frame, and set up in the new extension of the Weavers House, at New Wanstead, in a window that had been specially constructed to allow for the sundial's original declination. Restored by Plowden & Smith, 1988
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Building Conservation Website: Here
Worshipful Company of Weavers Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D and shows dial without gnomon before restoration. Photo ‘b’ and ‘c’ are courtesy of Tony Moss. Photo ‘b’ shows dial with gnomon after restoration (Shadow says it's 10:15 am). I can’t remember the source of the other photos that show the dial reinstalled at Weavers’ House. Photo ‘g’ shows the information plaque at Weavers’ House.

Dial 58
The Arbury Hall Dial
Designer & Maker: John Rowell of Wycombe, England
Date: 1733
Original Location: unknown building and town in England. It must have been made for a building which was demolished between 1733 and 1785.
Present Location: Dial was evidently bought as a result of the sale of another property. It’s now at Arbury Hall, near Nuneaton, Warwickshire England. Its lower edge is about 142 cm above ground level in a window that doesn't face South.
Orientation: Vertical. Designed for a due South window.
Size: 23.5 x 30 cm (9.25 x 11.8 in)
Adornment: Flesh-fly and butterfly. The fly is so accurate that it can be identified as a "Flesh-fly" (Sarcophaga carnaria) though the butterfly seems to show characteristics of both a Large and a Small Tortoiseshell. Signed and dated by maker.
Mottos: none
Condition: cracked and restored
Comments: Dial was moved to Arbury Hall in 1785 when Sir Roger Newdigate, the 5th Bart, bought it from a dealer, James Broden, among a job-lot of stained glass with which he wanted to adorn his newly built cloisters. We need better high resolution photos.
Article by John Davis (3MB): (Dec 2007) John Rowell-Plumber and Stained Glass Dial Maker, "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" No. 19 (iv) pg. 179-183.
Article by Christopher Daniel: (Nov 2003) 'Umbrae Sumus'. The Sundial Page, "Clocks" Vol. 26/10
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Information Britain Hotels Website: Here
About Britain Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D and are photocopied from his article.

Dial 59
The Adstone Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: 1600's
Original Location: Adstone Farmhouse in Towcester, Northhamptonshire England
Present Location: Set in farmhouse stairway window; formerly in master bedroom.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines east.
Size: small
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Condition: cracked
Comments: We are seeking better photographs of this dial.
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Tour UK Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D.

Dial 60
The Henley Hall Dial
Maker: Charles Eamer Kempe (1837-1907), highly eminent stained glass artist in the late 19th century. His firm in the south of England near Brighton, Sussex, produced a large number of windows for cathedrals and churches worldwide, including the USA
Date: 1875 (Victorian)
Original Location: Lat: 52.22° N; Lon: 2.40° W. At Henley Hall, in Henley Shropshire, England (Henley is 4 miles East of Ludlow on the way to Bentley. The window is on a small extension to the main house which was added in 1874.
Present Location: at original location. Last seen there in 2004 by Silas Higgons.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: The oval dial window itself measures 45.7 x 55.9 cm (18 x 22 in) and forms the centre of a larger window 91.4 x 114 cm (36 x 45 in).
Adornment: richly embellished with Victorian artwork. It is surrounded by various designs including, at each side of it, the coat of arms of the Wood family who were owners of the house at that time.
Mottos: The motto below the dial pane reads: "Make Time ~ save time, while time lasts, All time is no time, when time is past"
Condition: The gnomon is missing
Comments: In the BSS registry BSS SrNo2299. This is a perfect candidate for a new replacement gnomon. Hopefully someone will add one. Information update supplied by Silas Higgons. Mark Breach informed us in 2010 that he thinks Henley Hall in Henley Suffolk was demolished in the 60’s. He said his grandfather sold it for the ‘land’.
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Ludlow Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of and © Silas Higgons (taken in 2004).

Dial 61
The Lacock Abbey Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: unknown location in England
Present Location: Brought to the beautiful Lacock Abbey in the 18th or 19th century by the owner at the time who asked his friends for, or otherwise acquired, some stained glass fragments to help with the decoration.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines west.
Size: unknown
Adornment: a fly
Mottos: none
Condition: poor. cracked, gnomon missing
Comments: Unusual heraldic shield shape. Dial has been crudely restored but Alfred Fisher told me in November 2005 that it will be restored again using modern techniques to remove the previous restoration lead. Mr. Stephen Clare at Holy Well Glass in Somerset England will be performing the restoration. This sundial must have been one of a set of at least 2 because if you examine the photograph you will see that there is an inserted fragment (on the left) of a SOUTH dial of the same pattern. Installed in a wall that faces in the opposite wrong direction.
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Lacock Abbey Photos Website: Here
Britain Express Website: Here
Holy Well Glass Website: Here
Alfred Fisher’s Email: Here
Stephen Clare’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ and ‘c’ are courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D. Photo ‘b’ is courtesy of Alfred Fisher and was taken in 2005. These photos are poor copies of copies, and they have been damaged by over-zealous photoshopping. We need better photos and updated information of this dial. Please help!

Dial 62
The Tredegar Welsh Dial
Maker: despite the design's simplicity, Chris Daniel believes it to be by Henry Gyles (1645 -1709)
Date: 1672
Original Location: In south facing room called the Cedar Closet at Tredegar House, in Gwent, Newport, Wales UK
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: 27.9 x 25.4 cm (11 x 10 in)
Adornment: a house fly in lower right and another fainter fly in the center.
Mottos: “Lumen Umbra Dei” (Light is the Shadow of God)
Condition: poor, cracked and re-leaded
Comments: Only known Welsh glass sundial. Reference- C. St.J. H. (1995) The Stained-Glass Sundial at Tredegar House. "Clockwise Around Wales" Edited by Paul Parker, Vale Books
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Article by Christopher Daniel: (1995) Stained Glass Sundials at Greys Hall and Tredegar House. "Clockwise Around Wales"
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Tredegar House Website: Here
Wikipedia Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D. But they are poor copies of copies. We need updated information and better photos of this dial.

Dial 63
The Kersal Cell Dial
Maker: unknown. Roger Bowling speculates that John Byron could have instigated it. (See his article below)
Date: unknown
Original Location: According to Roger Bowling, it was situated in a large eight-light bow window in Kersal Cell, near Manchester, England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines southeast.
Size: unknown
Adornment: Roger Bowling notes that it is a simple design with a sun that shines through white clouds with scalloped edges. He says that “it doesn’t match the style of any of the known makers of stained glass dials, but appears to be in a typical early 18th century style.” He notes that
Mottos: none
Condition: good, gnomon attached
Comments: shadow says it's ten fifty am. We need updated information and better photos of this dial.
Article by Christopher Daniel (1 MB): (Jun 2007) The Kersal Cell. The Sundial Page, "Clocks" Vol. unknown
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Article by Roger Bowling: (Sep 2009) Two Manchester Glass Dials "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 21(iii), pgs. 32-33
Wikipedia Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D.

Dial 64
The Winchester College Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: Winchester College, Hampshire, England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declination is unknown.
Size: unknown
Adornment: fly in lower right corner
Mottos: Motto on a scroll at the top says- “Ut Umbra, Sic Vita Transit” (As a shadow so doth life pass.)
Condition: Sadly damaged. We need updated information and better photos of this dial.
Comments: We need updated information and better photos of this dial.
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ and ‘b’ are courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D. But they are poor copies of copies. Photo ‘b’ is a photoshopped copy of ‘a’. Photo ‘c’ is a notebook sketch by unknown artist from an unknown source.

Dial 65
The Purley Hall Dial
Maker: John Rowell of Wycombe, England (1686-1756)
Date: 1734
Original Location: On the ground floor on the southwestern side of Purley Hall, Pangbourne, Berkshire, RG8 8DH, England. Google Earth Coordinates: Lat: 51°28'37.76'' N, Lon: 1°04'15.45'' W
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declination: Using Google Earth satellite photos, Carmichael estimated the wall’s declination to be about 22.89° West of South. Physical onsite measurement conducted by John Davis puts it at 22° W. But John Davis’s analysis of hourline placements show that the dial was designed for 26° W. making us conclude that it is mounted incorrectly in its frame by 2 degrees
Size: 64.8 x 50 cm (25.5 x 18.5 in)
Adornment: fly in lower right. Dial has a second hour scale giving the time in Constantinople
Mottos: "Umbrae Sumus", "We are Shadows"
Condition: fair. Lower right pane is cracked. Gnomon is missing. An old photo, which we do not have here, shows the center pane with flaking numerals and missing hourlines before a restoration that occurred between 1965 and 1988. Mr. Davis concludes that the center pane was restored, but with poorly placed hourlines. There is a protective outer pane of clear glass.
Comments: The owner, Tom Anderson replaced the missing gnomon in 2007 with help from English dialist, John Davis. Gnomon is attached to the outer protective glass pane to prevent damage to the stained glass if stress is applied to the gnomon. Carmichael's analysis of the origin of the hourlines (the place where the gnomon was attached) shows a fairly large error in the hourline angles between 12 noon and 1pm on the center glass pane making us believe that the restorer made mistakes when placing these hour lines.
Article by John Davis (3MB): (Dec 2007) John Rowell-Plumber and Stained Glass Dial Maker, "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" No. 19 (iv) pg. 179-183.
Article by Christopher Daniel: (Nov 2003) 'Umbrae Sumus'. The Sundial Page, "Clocks" Vol. 26/10
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Berkshire History Website: Here
John Davis’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: All Photos except photo ‘c’ are courtesy of John Davis. Photo ‘c’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D. Photos ‘c’ and ‘d’ show pre-restoration. All other photos show post-restoration. Photo ‘f’ shows Hourline Origin Analysis by Carmichael.

Dial 66
The Groombridge Place Dial
Maker: Has all the characteristics of a John Oliver Dial.
Date: 1670
Original Location: Groombridge Place, East Sussex, England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: sun & fly
Mottos: “Lumen Umbra Dei” (trans- Light (is) the shadow of God)
Condition: good, but is missing the gnomon
Comments: One of a pair of sundials in master bedroom. Mr. Packer built house designed by Wren in reign of Charles II. We need more photos of this dial.
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Groombridge Place Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D.

Dial 67
The Berkeley Castle Dial
Maker: probably by John Oliver (1616-1701)
Date: 1600's
Original Location: In the private chapel's window, Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire UK
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines about 70° east of south.
Size: oval- 25.5 x 21 cm (10 x 8.2 in)
Adornment: simple flowing designs, a fly on raised thick outside of glass
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent, shows hours 4 to 10am
Article by Christopher Daniel: (2004) “Sundials” a Shire Book
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Berkeley Castle Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’, ‘b’, are © courtesy of Carol Arnold taken in 2002. Photo ‘c’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D and is photocopied from his article and photoshopped. Photo ‘d’ is a notebook sketch by unknown artist. Photo ‘e’ is courtesy of Tim Davies from the Flickr website above.

Dial 68
His Majesty's Pyrimidical Dial
Maker: Reverand Francis Hall (alias Line), Professor of Mathematics at Liege University for His Majesty.
Date: 1669
Original Location: In his Majesty's (King Charles II) Privy Garden at Whitehall, London England. Whitehall was the King's primary residence in London before it was destroyed by fire.
Present Location: unknown. Lost and probably destroyed
Orientation: Declination undetermined, but some are inclined to vertical.
Size: unknown
Adornment: many painted glass sundials
Mottos: unknown
Condition: Some researchers say the dial was quickly destroyed by weather and vandals. Others are certain that The Earl of Rochester destroyed it on the night of 25 June 1675, because in Stephen Jefferys' play, "The Libertine", there is a scene featuring his destruction of the dial.
Comments: Famous "pyramidical" sundial. The dial was like a huge candelabra of panels glass spheres floating freely in fluid inside larger glass spheres. it was considered one of the greatest, or at least the most expensive, scientific instruments in Europe. According to C. Daniel, it was made of stone, iron, brass, wood and glass with about 270 individual component dials including a number of spherical glass dials and painted plane glass dials. Carefully recorded details in an 'Explication' published in London in 1673.
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Letter from Fred Sawyer: Here
Francis Line Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D

Dial 69
The Gray's Inn Hall Dial
Maker: by London glazier William Price the elder (c1644-1710)
Date: 1702
Original Location: Gray's Inn Hall, London, England
Present Location: removed and stored for safekeeping during World War II. Now lost, mislaid or stolen.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown (large)
Adornment: undetermined
Mottos: "Temporas Mutantur ... Et Nos Mutamur In Illis", approximate translation: (The seasons Change ... And We Change With Them), Initials: “TTC” (for 1702 treasurer, Thomas Carter)
Condition: unknown. It was cracked then re-leaded.
Comments: We are looking for more information and better photos of this dial.
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of and © by Geoffrey Lane. Photo ‘a’ is the only known photo from "Clocks" magazine. Photo ‘b’ is a Photoshop colorized rendering of how dial might have looked based on the original photo and Gyles' favorite colors.

Dial 70
The Rottweil Dial
Maker: Signum MP (Martin Pfender - Rottweil municipal glasser)
Date: 1553
Original Location: In the conference room wall of Rottweil Town Hall, Wurtemberg Germany
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines southeast.
Size: 44.5 x 34.5 cm (17.5 x 13.5 in)
Adornment: Architectural arch and figures making music is in the pillars. Over the arch is an apple shooting scene from the theatre play Wilhelm Tell by Friedrich Schiller. There’s an angel and lion's head. Below is a shining sun over arms with the eagle of the imperial town, Rottweil. There are angels blowing trombones.
Mottos: "Die Zeit" (The Time)
Condition: Fair. Pane with lead frames and leaded cracks, Gnomon is broken out.
Comments: Chapter ring has hour lines 5-12-5 and 1/2 hour divisions. Zodiacal lines only symbolic, parallel to depth direction. Day & night lengths 8-16 are beneath meridian line. Hour lines apparently not calculated but applied according to observations during different seasons, because the lines 5-5 are not in line. Visits only on request at the Tourist Information. We urge anybody who might be visiting Rottweil to please investigate this wonderful dial for us and get us some more photos.
Behrendt VHS Transcript: Here
German Clock Route Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is the original from an unknown source. Other photos are photoshopped verisions of photo ‘a’.

Dial 71
The Didsbury Old Parsonage Dial
Maker: unknown. The window was probably commissioned by Fletcher Moss when he built his house. According to Roger Bowling, he was a prominent Manchester businessman, avid horticulturalist, councilor, philanthropist and antiquarian. He left the Parsonage and its gardens to the city. (see Roger Bowling’s article below).
Date: 1904 (Edwardian)
Original Location: Lat: 53º 24' 45" N. Lon: 2º 15' 30" W. In the center top panel of a bow window Moss's 1884 home at Old Parsonage, Didsbury UK. (a suburb of Manchester).
Present Location: sundial pane probably lost or destroyed but we think the window and the surrounding panels still exist.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 25º west of south. This needs to be verified.
Size: unknown. We need measurements of the surrounding window frame.
Adornment: Lavish. abundance of red Tudor-style roses and green foliage, heraldic devices in red blue and yellow.
Mottos: "As Sunshine Passeth, So Pass We" is at the top of the lower center panel.
Condition: unknown, but probably lost or destroyed
Comments: The dial face is on frosted glass. The lovely old house with the window formerly belonged to an eccentric alderman of the city, Fletcher Moss, who bequeathed this and the Botanical Gardens for public use in 1919. This is a perfect candidate for a replacement reproduction, since Old Parsonage is now cared for by local Old Parsonage Garden authorities. We need for somebody to visit the window to take more photos and measure the window for a possible future replacement window.
Article by Christopher Daniel: (Oct 2000) ‘A Colourful Reminder’. The Sundial Page, "Clocks" Vol. 23/9
Article by Roger Bowling: (Sep 2009) Two Manchester Glass Dials "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 21(iii), pgs. 32-33
Jon Callan's letter describing window in 2005: Here
Didsbury Website: Here
Manchester Online Website: Here
Photo of Gateway to Old Parsonage: Here
Photos of window by Jon Callan (2005): Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ and ‘b’ are courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D. Photo ‘a’ (c1907) is exterior view. Photo ‘b’ (photo c1907) is interior view. Photo ‘c’ is a photocopy of a drawing by Dorothy Hartley from "Ye Sundial Booke" by T. Geoffrey W. Henslow, 1914. Photo ‘n’ is of Fletcher Moss Gardens. Photo ‘o’ is a rare old photograph from an unknown source. A copy of it was given to Roger Bowling- possibly from a postcard. This photo also appears in the book: F. Moss: ‘Fifty Years Public Work in Didsbury’, Pub. By the author, (1915). Photo ‘p’ is a cropped version of photo ‘o’ showing the dial face.

Dial 73
The Bucklebury Dial
Maker: These letters on the dial are probably the initials of the maker- “S. S.” His name is unknown.
Date: 1649
Original Location: unknown location in England
Present Location: Family married into Bucklebury and brought the dial with them reinstalling it in the north window of Parish church of St. Mary, Bucklebury England at Lat: 51° 26' N. Lon: 01° 12' W.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 13° west of south.
Size: square- 30 x 30 cm (11.8 x 11.8 in)
Adornment: The coats of arms of the families of Stephens and Stone.
Mottos: Signed “S.S- me fecit” and “Th- S & St”
Condition: cracked
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Article by Christopher Daniel: (Dec 2006) An Unsolved Mystery. The Sundial Page, "Clocks" Vol. unknown
Article by Christopher Daniel (2 MB): (1987) Shedding a Glorious Light. "Country Life" 181, 72-75
Burkshire History Website: Here
Church of England Website: Here
Flickr.com Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ to ‘h’ are courtesy of Mike Cowham (2007). Photos ‘i’ and ‘j’ are courtesy of Jo Parsons from her Flickr website posting. (see website above)

Dials 74 75
The Convocation House Dials
Maker: unknown
Date: probably 1600's
Original Location: Dial 74- unknown location in England. Possibly the Convocation House at the Bodleian Library in Oxford England. Dial 75- The Convocation House's west window.
Present Location: Dial 74- now in the Convocation House's high south window above the Vice-Chancellor's Chair, at the Bodleian Library in Oxford England. It is possible that dial was moved to this location after 1923. Dial 75- now on south wall of Convocation House.
Orientation: Dial 74- declines south, Dial 75- declines west of south.
Size: both are small dials. estimate- Dial 74- 38 x 30 cm (14.9 x 11.8 in)
Adornment: Dial 74- blue rectangle with half sun and dragonfly on dull white background, on gold with some Roman numerals visible. Possibility of another fly on main background. Dial 75- yellow brimstone butterfly and spray of roses.
Mottos: none
Condition: Dial 74- poor, most numerals worn off, cracked. Dial 75- very poor, very worn.
Comments: Neither has its gnomon now. View with binoculars. We are looking for better photographs of both these dials.
Bodleian Library Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of the late Margaret Stanier and was photocopied from her booklet- ‘Oxford Sundials’. We miss you Margaret! Photo ‘b’ is a photograph from Hans Behrendt’s videotape.
Dial 74:
Dial 75:

Dial 77
The Litchborough Church Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: 1600's
Original Location: High up on south wall of Litchborough Church, Northhamptonshire, England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: height and width of inner triangle- 30.5 x 24 cm (12 x 9.5 in)
Adornment: a yellow sun
Mottos: none
Condition: cracked, gnomon is missing
Comments: This window has been restored twice since it was cracked. Older photo on left (circa 1988) shows lead came added to repair cracks in the first restoration. Newer second photo (2003) shows innovative second 1998 restoration with repair came removed, exposing the old cracks again. Epoxy resin now joins the broken glass that's sandwiched between two protective clear panes of glass for support and protection. Third photo shows outside view. Fourth photo shows two holes for gnomon stays in the 12 o'clock line area. Second restoration was by Barley Studios of Church Balk, Dunnington.
Article by Christopher Daniel (5 MB): (Apr 1988) Stained Glass Sundials in England and Wales. "Clocks" 10, 30-37
Church of England Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D, Other photos are courtesy of Colin Davis and Mike Cowham.

Dial 78
The Oracle Library Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: late 1900's
Original Location: Oracle Public Library, American Avenue, Oracle AZ, USA 85623
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: 91.5 cm (4 ft)
Adornment: At the north point is a graph of the Equation of Time and at the south point is the bright face of a sun. Ringing the dial is an inscription. Base is a concrete "flower" approximately 2 feet high. Dial is white ceramic with tile edging. Hour lines are bright arrows.
Mottos: undetermined
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a brightly colored ceramic tile mosaic dial. Hour lines adjusted for local longitude. Nearby, is an approximately 3.8 m (15 ft) long Noon Mark or Meridian Line with the months of the year marked on it. The shadow is cast by a small electric power pole. We are looking for more information and better photos of this dial.
Arizona Highways Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: I have forgotten the source of this photo. My apologies to the phgotographer. j.c.

Dial 79
The Gecko Dial
Designer, Delineator, Glazier: John L. Carmichael, sundial maker and member of The British and North American Sundial Societies.
Glass Painter: William Biggers
Dates: This was a two year project: Planning began in 2003, panels were assembled in 2004, and windows were installed on New Years Day, 2005
Design Location: Lat: 32.30° N. Lon: 110° W. Above center pane of bay window at Carmichael's home in Tucson Arizona, USA
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 27.43° east of south.
Size: Center panel with sundial- 148 x 50 cm (58.4 x 19.7 in) with 153 glass pieces. Two square decorative side panels: 50 x 50 cm (19.7 x 19.7 in) each with 116 glass pieces. Two rectangular decorative side panels: 67 x 50 cm (26.75 x 19.7 in) each with 154 glass pieces. These total 693 pieces of stained glass in five panels with a total area of 1.91 sq. m (20.6 sq. ft). The bay opening measures 3.5 x 2.3 m (138 x 90 in).
Adornment: Hand-painted Tucson Banded Gecko (C. v. bogerti) stalks fly, stars in space, sunface at dial center, arabic numerals, solar noon mark, signatures with date in lower left: JC.wb 2004. Gnomon triangle engraved with the latitude, longitude and wall declination. Bronze Equation of Time graph made by Tony Moss is mounted on inside wall next to the bay window. The gecko lizard was inspired by actual geckos that stalk flies at night on the home's windows. The streaky colored glass of the hours panes are the six main colors of the spectrum. The summer hours are the complimentary colors of the winter hours, divided by the equinox line.
Mottos: none
Condition: Excellent.
Comments: Paintings on eleven of the glass pieces are of traditional vitreous kiln-fired enamels and stains. Up to nine kiln firings were used for some pieces. Dial tells Solar Standard Time adjusted for longitude, the date of the equinoxes and solstices, and Apparent Solar Noon (High Noon). Stained glass panels are protected by an exterior pane of optically clear annealed glass separated by a 3/16” gap. To prevent overheating, the gap is ventilated. To provide ventilation and a cushioning support, the stained glass panels are set on 1/8” thick 2” long rubber neoprene blocks. To ventilate, open cell breathable foam tape was adhered to the outer protective glass and the inner wood molding. Gnomon is a 1/8” brass rod soldered to a triangular brass sheet that is attached to a clear glass base plate with epoxy. The base plate is the same size as the sunface piece of glass and is attached to the exterior protective pane with a clear silicone bead around the edge so that the lead around the sunface hides the edge of the glass base plate and the silicone. Carmichael constructed the bay window especially for this sundial in order to avoid shading from the building's roof eave overhang. The wood framed bay has 5 upper windows that are all stained glass, and five bronze tinted clear lower windows. See photos of the working test prototypes on Design & Construction Link. Viewing is by appointment only. Contact John Carmichael for appointment.
Delta CAD Glass Pattern: Here
Short Quick Time Movie of Bay Interior (3.8 MB): Here
Sundial Sculptures Website: Here
Biggers Glass Painting Website: Here
Cadrans Solaires Originaux Website: Here
Tucson Banded Gecko Website: Here
John Carmichael’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are by John Carmichael and were taken in 2004 and 2005. Photo ‘a’- installed dial panel interior with side panels (1.4 MB). Photo ‘b’- the design drawing. Photo ‘c’- William Biggers Painting Glass Pane. Photo ‘d’- Carmichael assembling glass pieces. Photo ‘e’- gecko & fly. Photo ‘f’- sunface. Photo ‘g’- uninstalled sundial panel. Photo ‘h’- installation. Photo ‘i’- bay window exterior. Photo ‘j’- the gnomon. Photo ‘k’- installed dial panel interior without side panels. Photo ‘l’- bay interior. Photo ‘m’- uninstalled side panels. Photo ‘n’- sundial light projection on anubis statue.

Dial 80
A Beccheroni Table Dial
Maker: Ugo Beccheroni
Date: 2002
Original Location: private residence. San Lazzaro, Bologna Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south
Size: 25 x 8 x 23 cm (9.8 x 3 x 9 in)
Adornment: sun, zodiacal signs, The Equation of Time
Mottos: Carpe Diem (Seize the Day)
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is an etched Plexiglas dial for a table-top or window sill. Lead shot gnomon is located between the two plates and casts a shadow onto the dial face on the inner plate. This is a fine example from a series of similar Beccheroni dials.
Ugo Beccheroni’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Ugo Beccheroni.

Dial 81
The Alberi-Auber Aperture Dial
Maker: Paolo Alberi-Auber
Date: October 2002
Original Location: Lat: 45° 38' 33'' N, Lon: 13° 45' 44'' E. Trieste, Italy
Present Location: the same
Orientation: declines 2.7° east of south
Size: Base- 94 cm (37 in), Height- 59 cm (23.3 in)
Adornment: a bell, the fabrication date, a fly, Equation of Time values around the perimeter are given to the hyperbolic date lines.
Mottos: “Veritas Temporis Filia” (Truth is a Daughter of Time)
Condition: very good
Comments: Face is sandblasted etched glass. Unusual aperture gnomon projects a beam of sunlight that shows local solar time and the date using the 10-day date lines. You read the time correction (Equation of time + time zone shift) in order to calculate Standard Mean Time (at right end are the correction values for day lines on growing declinations, at left end are decreasing ones). In this photo the light beam indicates that it is 2 pm in early November. This photo was taken on November 6th at 13:49 Standard Time as shown in digital date and hour shown on the installation photo. Notice the high precision.
Paolo Alberi Website: Here
Paolo Alberi’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Paolo Alberi-Auber.

Dial 82
The Polish Sundial Society Dial
Designers: Krzysztof Igras and Teresa Pawlowska-Chwalczyk
Glass Artisans: Marzena Szarkowska and Magdalena Kuchta
Date: September 2003
Design Location: Lat: 50.0830° N, Lon: 19.9170° E. Cracovia (Krakow) Poland.
Present Location: Kedzierzyn-Kozle, Poland
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 25° west of south.
Size: 44.3 x 50.5 cm (17.4 x 19.9 in)
Adornment: The sun and moon
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: Photo ‘a’ shows a functioning paper window prototype of the finished dial with exterior aperture gnomon. Dial tells date and time. Photo ‘b’ shows finished window that's for exposition purposes only and will not be installed permanently.
Gnomonica.com Website: Here
Zegary Sloneczne Website: Here
Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of The Polish Sundial Society.

Dials 83 84 85 86 87 95
The Rafael Soler Refraction Dials
Maker: Dr. Rafael Soler Gayá, famous Spanish dialist.
Date: all dials made in 1999
Original Location: Lat: 39.6° N, Lon: 3.4° E. Mallorca, Islas Baleares, Spain
Present Location: various unknown locations in Spain. Dial 95 is in a private collection at Lat: 37° 59' 58" N, Lon: 01° 07' 55" W. Murcia Spain
Orientation: Dials 83 to 87 appear to be due south dials. Dial 83, 84 and 85 are perpendicular to the meridian (polar dials with nonparallel hour lines). Dial 86 is vertical and Dials 87 and 95 are horizontal.
Size: variable, but all are small enough to be portable
Adornment: a sun and various logo designs, dates, latitudes and longitudes. Dial 95 has latitudes of major cities, a sun face, East and West marks, signs of the zodiac, maker's name, logo.
Mottos: Dials 83 and 85: “Temps Verdater” ('True time' in Catalan language), Dial 86: Tempora Tempore Tempera, Dial 95: Tempus Verum
Condition: unknown
Comments: All dials are rare refraction sundials made from metacrilato (acrylics). The gnomon is the intersection of an etched cross or dot on the dial's south-facing backside. It casts a bent refracted image through the thick acrylic and onto the face. To design the faces, Dr. Soler used special mathematical calculations that considered the material's light refractive index and thickness. All dials tell the time and date. Dials 83, 87 and 95 are self-orienting and therefore also function as compasses. Dial 95 is a rare refraction bifilar sundial. Its gnomon is the intersection of a black etched east/west line on the dial's face with a vertical post. It casts a bent refracted image through the thick acrylic and onto the face. All dials were presented as gifts from the Balear government and are part of a series.
Asociación de Amigos de los Relojes de Sol Website: Here
Dr. Soler Gayá’s Mailing Address: Rafael Soler Gayá, CL Tous i Maroto 6, 1-2, 07001 Palma de Mallorca, Illes Balears Spain
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Dr. Rafael Soler Gayá.
Dial 83:
Dial 84:
Dial 85:
Dial 86:
Dial 87:
Dial 95:

Dials 88 89 90 91 92
(more information below)
Photo Descriptions: These are Franz/Schouler table-top dials.
Dial 88:
Dial 89:
Dial 90:
Dial 91:
Dial 92:

Dial 93
The Hayward Dial
Designer: Sundial delineated by K. Miller
Glass Artisan: John Hayward of Dorchester, Dorset (1929-2007), was one of England's most notable and prolific stained glass makers.
Date: 2000
Design Location: Toller Porcorum Church, Dorset, England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Appears to decline south.
Size: 26.7 x 29 cm (10.5 inch x 11.5 in)
Adornment: simple flowing painted artwork evokes the 17th century artistic style of famous stained glass artisan, John Oliver. Hayward also uses Oliver's favorite paint colors. Tinted white and yellow stain, set in blue cartouche.
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: A Millennium dial made for St Peter and St Andrew's church in Toller Porcorum in Dorset. A plaque says 'The good folk of Toller Porcorum provided this dial'. Shadow says it's 1:15 pm.
Article by Christopher Daniel: (Apr 2004) Toller Porcorum. The Sundial Page, "Clocks" Vol. 27/4
John Hayward's Obituary: Here
BSMGP Website: Here
Toller Porcorum Website: Here
Toller Porcorum Map Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: I have forgotten who sent me these nice photos. My apologies to the photographer! j.c.

Dial 94
The Gecko Prototype Dial
Designer, Delineator, Glazier: John L. Carmichael, sundial maker and member of The British and North American Sundial Societies.
Glass Painter: John L. Carmichael
Date: 2003
Design Location: Lat: 32.30° N. Lon: 110° W. Stuck to interior of picture window in Carmichael's sundial studio in Tucson, Arizona, USA
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 27.43° east of south.
Size: 46.5 x 32.5 cm (18.8 x 12.8 in)
Adornment: gecko stalks fly, stars in space
Mottos: none
Condition: Excellent
Comments: Carmichael's first stained glass window made for his beginners stained glass class. Paint is non-vitreous enamel. Tells Solar Standard Time adjusted for longitude, the date of the equinoxes and solstices, and Apparent Solar Noon (meridian line). Gnomon is a 1/8" brass rod & sheet attached to the exterior of the window pane with clear silicone adhesive. See photos of dial under construction on Design & Construction Page. The shadow says it is 12:24 pm (Local Apparent Solar Noon with longitude correction).
Sundial Sculptures Website: Here
John Carmichael’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos by John Carmichael. Photo ‘b’ shows the Gnomon. Photos ‘d’ and ‘e show the paper test model.

Dial 96
The Northill Rectory Housefly Dial
Maker: John Oliver (1616-1701)
Date: 1664
Original Location: The Northill Rectory in Northill, Bedfordshire England. Lat: 52.1° N. Lon: 0.3228° W
Present Location: At original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines towards the east
Size: 25.4 cm (10 in)
Adornment: Design mimics the other Northill dial (Dial 103). Has a housefly, a sun at the dial hourline center and ornamental flowing scrolls. Hours are in Roman numerals.
Mottos: “Dum Spectas Fugio” (I Fly While You Watch)
Condition: cracked. Dial was restored in 1992 at Chapel Studio by Alfred Fisher.
Comments: Gnomon with stay has been incorrectly reinstalled on the inside of the panel. Gnomon stay at 10:00 am mark. The roman numerals for 9 (IX) and 11 (XI) are incorrectly painted as 9 (XI) and 11 (IX). This is one of a pair of newly discovered John Oliver dials located at the church. This dial is protected inside for safe keeping. Viewing by appointment only.
References: Gatty, Mrs Alfred, Eden and Lloyd, The Book of Sun-Dials, 3rd edition, 1890, pp 93-94. Britton, John, and Brayley, Edward Wedlake- The Beauties of England and Wales; or Delineations of Each County. Vol. I. Beds, Berks, Bucks, London 1801
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Worshipful Company of Glaziers Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Mike Cowham.

Dial 97
The Pollähne Dial
Maker: Erich Pollähne, deceased January, 2005
Date: unknown, but probably 1990's
Original Location: West Germany
Present Location: in private collection in Spain
Orientation: adjustable for any location.
Size: face diameter- 6.6 cm (2.6 in)
Adornment: The Equation of Time graph
Mottos: none
Condition: fair
Comments: Precise universal equatorial acrylic dial that's adjustable for latitude, longitude and the Equation of Time. Has magnetic compass and bubble level but can also function as a sun compass. Gnomon is the base of a cone which focuses a ray of sunlight that indicates the time.
Contact: Erich Pollähne's telephone was: 05103/8425 (in Germany)
Erich Pollähne's Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Erich Pollähne.

Dial 99
The Torquay Human Shadow Dial
Sundial Delineator: Ian Sells
Artwork Designers and Installers: local artists, Claire Gittings & Glen Romanis and a crew of 4 others.
Date: unknown
Original Location: Lat: 38° 19' 30" S, Lon:144° 19' 45" E. Adjacent to the corner of Esplanade and Darian Road at Fisherman's Beach, Torquay Victoria, Australia
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: width- 4 to 5 m (157 to 196 in) concrete slab- 8 m (314 in)
Adornment: elaborate artwork represents a number of traditional dreaming stories of the Wathaurong aboriginal people, including Mindii, the ever watchful Snake and Bunjil, the Eagle, Creator and Overseer. The analemma is the eagle's body.
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: Elaborate Analemmatic interactive sundial that uses a person's body for the gnomon. Standing on the date, a human's body casts a shadow that indicates the time. Unfortunately, this is a flawed design since the dial should have a straight date line instead of an analemma. This causes errors in the time readings. Dial contains about 120,000 glass tiles! Project initiated by the Lions Club. We are looking for better more information on this beautiful dial.
Frans Maes Website: Here
Torquay Website: Here
Photo h original on Flickr Website: Here
Photo i original on Flickr Website: Here
Photo j original on Flickr Website: Here
Linda Grimble’s Flickr Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ to ‘j’ came from Frans Maes website, others came from websites that are now offline. Photo ‘g’ is a satellite photo from Google Earth. Photos ‘h’, ‘i’, ‘j’ are by Fil Allen from his ‘Funky Plum’ photostream on the Flickr website above. Photo ‘k’ is by Linda Grimble © All rights reserved, and is used with permission. Photos “l” thru “y” are by Peter Jacobs and were taken on a cloudy day in 2010.

Dial 100
The Ronse Dial
Designer: Pjeroo Robjee
Construction: Gino Tondat
Date: 1984
Original Location: Lat: 50.7°N, Lon: 3.6° E, Municipal Library in Ronse, Belgium
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: The major axis of the elliptical-shaped dial is about 7 m (23 ft).
Adornment: The grotesque figures in the mosaic are mostly inspired by the signs of the zodiac: crab near the number VII, scales between X and XI, the virgin at noon, Aquarius between III and V, scorpion next to the VII at right. Quadrupeds (ram, bull, lion, goat?) dwell between IV and V at left, one next to the crab, and at right between VII and VIII. Can't find the archer or twins. Monster at the lower left may be a fish? Contributions are welcome!
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: a beautiful glass mosaic analemmatic dial inspired by the Dr. Ovide Decroly School. They consider this object as an educational-didactical concept. Hour points from IV to VIII local time with an analemma drawn around date line with the names of the months alongside written in Latin: JANUARIUS, FEBRUARIUS, MARTIUS, APRILIS, MAIUS, JUNIUS, JULIUS, AUGUSTUS, SEPTEMBER, OCTOBER, NOVEMBER, DECEMBER. It uses a human standing on the date to cast a shadow that indicates the time. Unfortunately, this is a flawed design since the dial should have a straight date line instead of an analemma. This causes errors in the time readings.
Frans Maes Website: Here
Gino Tondat Website: Here
Stadt Ronse Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: I’ve forgotten where this photo came from. My apologies to the photographer. j.c.

Dial 101
The Sky of Ravenna Dial
Designer: Mario Arnaldi
Ceramic Artisan: unknown
Date: 1996 or 1997
Original Location: Planetario di Ravenna, Italy. lat: 44° 25' N, lon: 12° 12' E.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: undetermined
Size: overall- 7 x 4 m (22 x 13 ft). Each tile- 60 x 60 cm (24 x 24 in)
Adornment: In the upper left corner is a separate sundial that shows the solar azimuth and altitude. In the middle on the left, there's an Easter table arranged for modern time. The original from the 6th century is in the bishop's museum. In the big center dial are stars in the sky, inspired by the ceiling of the mausoleum of Galla Placidia, near the San Vitale church. Some stars indicate the solar noon in several world capitals. On the right there's a meridian line with mean time and solar declination.
Mottos: “Felicis Horae Ravennae"
Condition: good
Comments: Mr. Arnaldi calls his large ceramic wall dial the "Il cielo di Ravenna". First he painted the dial to scale on a wood panel. A studio then transferred the image to the tiles by electronic imaging using a plotter that had three spray guns with ceramic colors. Then another studio fixed the colors with fluid glass. Information was updated in June 2005.
Planetario di Ravenna Website: Here
Digilander Website: Here
Mario Arnaldi Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ and ‘b’ are courtesy of Mike Cowham. Other photos courtesy of John Carmichael (taken in 2007).

Dial 102
The Albinson Eagle Dial
Designer and Glass Artisan: Brian Albinson, member of The North American Sundial Society
Glass Artisan: Brian Albinson
Date: 2004
Original Location: private collection, North Vancouver, Canada, Lat: 49.33° N. Long: 123.06° W.
Present Location: At original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: 40.6 x 30 4 cm (16 x 12 in)
Adornment: an eagle
Mottos: "Vita Solem Sequitur" (Life Follows the Sun)
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is Mr. Albinson's first stained glass sundial. Dial has wood frame and is hanging on the outside of a window. It's the first effort by the maker and is one of three known Canadian stained glass sundials. Gnomon is .5 cm (3/16 in) brass rod attached to the wood frame
Brian Albinson’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Brian Albinson. Photo ‘b’ and ‘c’ are the original photos. Photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of ‘b’ that corrects perspective distortion.

Dial 103
The Northill Rectory Fruitfly Dial
Maker: John Oliver (1616-1701)
Date: 1664
Original Location: The Northill Rectory in Northill, Bedfordshire England. Lat: 52.1° N. Lon: 0.3228° W
Present Location: At original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines towards the east.
Size: 25.4 cm (10 in)
Adornment: Design mimics the other Northill dial (Dial 96). Has a fruitfly, 2 cherry fruits with leaves, ornamental flowing scrolls. Hours are in Arabic numerals.
Mottos: “Sic Transit Gloria Mundi” (Thus Passes the Glory of the World)
Condition: cracked, gnomon is missing. Was restored in 1992 at Chapel Studio by Alfred Fisher.
Comments: Gnomon hole visible. This is one of a pair of newly discovered John Oliver dials located at the church. This dial is protected inside for safe keeping. Viewing by appointment only.
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
References: Gatty, Mrs Alfred, Eden and Lloyd, The Book of Sun-Dials, 3rd edition, 1890, pp 93-94. Britton, John, and Brayley, Edward Wedlake- The Beauties of England and Wales; or Delineations of Each County. Vol. I. Beds, Berks, Bucks, London 1801
Worshipful Company of Glaziers Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Mike Cowham.

Dial 104
The Carmichael Oxford Dial
Designer: John L. Carmichael, sundial maker and member of The British and North American Sundial Societies.
Glass Artisan & Glass Painter: John L. Carmichael
Date: 2004
Design Location: Lat: 51° 46' N. Lon: 1° 15' W. Oxford England
Present Location: St. Annes College, Oxford University
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: sundial panel only- 30.5 x 30.5 cm (12 x 12 in). frame and stand- 39.4 x 34.3 cm (15.5 x 13.5 in)
Adornment: housefly
Mottos: “Dum Spectas Fugio” (While You Watch, I Fly)
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is a demonstration table-top sundial made for the British Sundial Society Conference in Oxford, April 2004 and was presented as a gift to the St. Annes College by John Carmichael. It has an oak frame and base and is painted with non-vitreous enamels. It will be removed from its wood frame and permanently installed in a south window in the new building. Design was inspired by The Oxford Declining Dial and the Arizona state flag. Tells Solar Standard Time adjusted for longitude. Gnomon is a 1/8" gold-plated brass rod attached by nuts and bolts to a 1/8" thick gold-plated round disk of sheet brass that has a hole drilled through it. This innovative attachment method avoids the stresses and cracking that often result from attaching gnomons to a hole in the glass. Note that the gold gnomon support disk is surrounded by lead came, as if it were a piece of glass. Also, since the disk is in the center of a star, there is lots of soldered support came holding it in place. Rumor has it that it has been installed in the college president’s office.
St. Annes Website: Here
Sundial Sculptures Website: Here
John Carmichael’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos by John Carmichael. Photo ‘g’ is of presentation ceremony at Oxford.

Dial 105
The "Et Pourtant, Elle Tourne" Dial
Dial Designer: René Rioux
Glass Artisans: Michèle Lapointe & René Rioux
Date: 1995
Original Location: Lat: 45.49° N. Lon: 73.88° W. Bibliothèque Municipale, Ile Bizard (Public library, Bizard Island), Québec Canada
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south
Size: Gnomon length- 3m (118 in), Dial- 1.8 x 3.75 m (5.9 x 12.3 ft.)
Adornment: decorative irregular glass shapes, arrows, lines and dots.
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is the largest known glass sundial in the world and oldest known Canadian glass sundial. It has alternating wide and thin clear plate glass vertical sections that are sandblasted and joined together. UV acrylic glue was used to attach brass bars and pieces of colored stained waterglass. Numerals are metal strips positioned beneath etched chapter ring. Arrows are hourlines. Small parts from old clocks and appliances are used. This work of modern art was named: "et pourtant, elle tourne" (and yet, it turns), and probably quotes Galileo recanting the recantation of his heresy following the Papal Inquisition. The simple geometrical forms point to pre-Copernican theories of the cosmos. And, in memory of Galileo, the distribution of mural's elements isn't done as the arc of circle, but as the elliptic trajectory of the earth's orbit.
Michèle Lapointe Website: Here
Michèle Lapointe & René Rioux Website: Here
Ile-Bizard Website: Ile-Bizard
Michèle Lapointe & René Rioux Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Michèle Lapointe & René Rioux.

Dial 106
The Hollander Beer Glass Dial
Maker: Hendrik Hollander, famous award-winning Dutch sundial designer.
Date: mid 2002
Original Location: Lat: 52° N, Lon: 5° E. Amsterdam, Holland (The Netherlands).
Present Location: 200 glasses were made originally and are now scattered throughout Holland.
Orientation: variable. Glass must rest on horizontal table but works only when oriented towards the sun's direction.
Size: height- 13.5 cm (5.3 in), width- 6 cm (2.3 in)
Adornment: URL Website: Analemma.nl
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: The innovative idea of this etched drinking glass sundial is that you can see whether it is 5 pm so you can fill the glass with a beer. To tell Standard (clock) Time, you set the glass on a table in the sun and turn it until the shadow spot points at the right date. The glass doesn't need to be turned again. The glass will not function correctly if filled with liquid because of light refraction. In 2007 I came across the “Livingtime” website below that sells similar drinking glass sundials. We have written to Livingtime to ask them if they are associated with Mr. Hollander but we have not received a reply.
Owner's Manuals (Dutch): Here
Owner's Manuals (English): Here
Anelemma.nl (Dutch) Website: Here
Anelemma.nl (English) Website: Here
Livingtime Website: Here
Hendrik Hollander’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Hendrik Hollander. Photo ‘b’ is copied from Livingtime website.

Dial 107
The Cube Dial
Maker: Hendrik Hollander
Date: 2002
Original Location: Utrecht, The Netherlands
Present Location: Amsterdam
Orientation: Vertical. One dial face declines at azimuth 225°, the other declines at 135°
Size: cube- 6 x 6 x 6 cm (2.5 in)
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Condition: good
Comments: One dial face is for January to June, the other is for July to December. Shows both Standard (Dutch: Wintertijd) and Daylight Saving Time (Dutch: Wintertijd). Dial is self-orienting: the cube will orient itself when you manually turn the sunspot onto the right date-line.
Anelemma.nl (Dutch) Website: Here
Anelemma.nl (English) Website: Here
Hendrik Hollander’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Hendrik Hollander.

Dial 108
The Valencia Earthdial
Designer: unknown
Tile Artisan: unknown
Date: 2004
Original Location: Installed in a pond outside the building of The Astronomical Observatory of the University of Valencia (OAUV), Spain. lat: 39° 28' N, lon: 0° 23' W.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: 90 x 90 cm (35 x 35 in). Has nine 30 x 30 cm ceramic tiles.
Adornment: logos of both the Astronomical Observatory and the University of Valencia. The latter includes the coats of arms of King Ferdinand of Aragon, the Pope Alexander the Sixth (of Valencian origin himself), and the city of Valencia. The three institutions founded the University in 1499. There's a compass rose with the local names of the winds, and a copy of the original diagram of a heliocentric Solar System printed by the Valencian astronomer Jeroni Muñoz in his work "Astrologicarum et geographicarum institutionum libri sex", published in the XVIth century.
Mottos: "Dos Mons un Sol" (Two Worlds one Sun)
Condition: excellent
Comments: This ceramic dial is part of "The Earthdial Project", organized by the Planetary Society and is being seen by a webcam which broadcasts each minute a picture of the sundial via the internet. Logo alludes to the two Mars rover sundials which are also part of the project. The aquatic location in a pond highlights the traditional relation of Valencia with the Mediterranean sea and protects the dial and its camera from vandals.
Valencia Earthdial Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is from unknown source.

Dial 109
The Albinson Dove Dial
Designer and Glass Artisan: Brian Albinson, member of The North American Sundial Society
Glass Artisan: Brian Albinson
Date: 2004
Original Location: private collection, North Vancouver, Canada, Lat: 49.33° N. Lon: 123.06° W.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines southwest.
Size: 61 cm x 40.6 cm (24 x 16 in)
Adornment: a white dove, a fly
Mottos: "Lente Hora, Celeriter Anni" (“Slow Hours, Fast Years” or "The Hours Pass Slowly, The Years Slip Bye")
Condition: excellent
Comments: Dial is second effort by maker and is one of three known Canadian stained glass sundials. The letters and figures are stenciled with a low temp paint (320° F). Dove was made as a separate panel using the copper foil Tiffany technique, then leaded in. Gnomon is a 3/8" wide chromium-plated brass tube like those that connect hand basins, with the original large union blob on the end retained for a nodus. Panel is framed in a heavy milled hemlock frame jointed with biscuits, and the gnomon is held in an ABS block machined on vertical mill to the correct angles. The block is screwed to the dial frame that hangs outside the building's window.
Brian Albinson’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Brian Albinson. Photo ‘b’ and ‘c’ are the original photos. Photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of ‘b’ that corrects perspective distortion.

Dial 110
The Walking Man Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: Meppen Germany
Orientation: Vertical. Has adjustable declination.
Size: 50 x 55 cm (19.6 x 21.6 in)
Adornment: Simple design showing a walking man carrying a pot and a sunface above. Painting was done on five irregularly shaped pieces of yellow glass.
Inscriptions: Hour numerals are in counterclockwise order as with typical vertical sundials. Kahn's signature is visible in lower right.
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a window hanging dial. Iwan Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. Above the pane the lens is visible. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. There's one optical fiber for every five minute interval. There are 24 bundles of 6 optic fibers; 144 fibers total. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: This photo is courtesy of Iwan Kahn.

Dial 111
Sundial for the Blind
Designer & Maker: Claude Guicheteau
Date: April 2003
Original Location: Latitude and longitude are unknown, but dial was designed for Aiffres 79230, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: equatorial with polar axis
Size: sphere diameter- 15 cm (6 in)
Adornment: none visible
Mottos: none are visible
Condition: unknown
Comments: modern rendition of an equatorial sundial based on a design described in 1778 by Jacques Ozanam, mathematician of king Louis XIV, that used a glass ball of water to focus the sun's rays so that they successively heat up the various hour bars - thus making it possible for someone who is blind to tell the time by touch. This modern version uses a solid glass sphere instead of water-filled sphere.
References: "The Mathematical Recreations" (1778). Serial of exercises in all the scientific domains at that time: mechanics, astronomy, and chemistry in 3 or 4 volumes. In the gnomonique section, an exercise is suggested making a sundial for blind person.
Website: Here
Design Article (French): Here
Design Article (Rough English Translation): Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Claude Guicheteau.

Dial 112
The Owens Reflected Dial
Designer & Maker: Robert Owens
Date: 1996
Original Location: Lat: 37° 6' N, Lon: 113° 37' W. In a greenhouse of a private residence in St. George Utah, USA
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal. Declines south.
Size: Dial face: 62 x 82 cm (24.4 x 32.3 in), Mirror: 76 x 82 cm (30 x 32 in)
Adornment: Butterfly, leaves and Celtic designs in bottom corners.
Mottos: Across the top: "Time is the school in which we learn; Time is the fire in which we burn". From a poem by Delmore Schwartz.
Condition: Very good
Comments: Unique three-dimensional variation of traditional glass dials. Horizontal dial face isn't meant to be seen directly. Instead, a mirror below the face, inclined at a 45° angle, reflects an image of the bottom of the glass plate. A steel rod polar axis gnomon lies above a frosted glass horizontal dial face and under an angled protective clear glass pane. Like an ordinary horizontal dial, it casts a shadow onto the top the glass face. Unattached stained glass numbers resting on face can be moved to adjust for Daylight Saving Time. This design permits design variations on the dial face simply by laying other glass pieces on it. It's accurate to about 5 minutes and is readable from across the room. Owens developed basic concept in early 1985. We know of nobody else who has made glass dials using a mirror in this way.
Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Robert Owens and were taken by him.

Dials 113 114 115
The Owens Reflected Table-top Dials
Designer & Maker: Robert Owens
Date: 1996
Original Location: Lat: 45° 10' N, Lon: 5° 43' E. In a private residence in Grenoble, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal. Declines south.
Size: Dial face: unknown but small, Mirror: unknown but small
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: Unique 3 dimensional variation of traditional glass dials. Horizontal dial face isn't meant to be seen directly. Instead, a mirror below the face, inclined at a 45° angle, reflects an image of the bottom of the glass plate. Gnomon is angled glass edge above a frosted glass horizontal dial face. Like an ordinary horizontal dial, it casts a shadow onto the top the glass face. Owens developed basic concept in early 1985. Similar to Dial 112 in design.
Robert Owens’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Robert Owens.
Dial 113:
Dial 114:
Dial 115:

Dial 116
The Ribbon Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown
Date: unknown, 1600's.
Original Location: unknown. Somewhere in Europe
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical, Declination is unknown exactly, but declines about 45° east of south.
Size: 15.5 x 13.4 cm (6.125 x 5.25 in)
Adornment: not signed, the hour numerals marked on banners are crossed by lines marked with pairs of zodiac symbols for reading the Sun's position and so the season. Above the upper banner is a sunburst carrying the Jesuit 'IHS' symbol. (Jesus, Savior of Man)
Mottos: In the top left corner, is the motto, also marked on a banner, “FVGIT IRREPARABILE TEMPVS” (Time Passes Never to be Retrieved). In the bottom right corner is a second motto “DICO LVCIDAS TACEO NVBILAS” (in the Light I Speak, in the Cloud I Keep Silence). The first motto on the instrument derives from Virgil, Georgics III, 284-5 "Sed fugit interea, fugit irreparabile tempus, Singula dum capti circumvectare amore" (But meanwhile time flies, flies irretrievably; While we, love stricken, dwell on each thing)
Condition: good. It’s unknown if gnomon exists.
Comments: Oddly, the numbers incorrectly show afternoon hours although the dial declines towards the east. Dial lines, motto in lower right, and painting is sloppy, though attractive. Sold at Sothebys auction in London Oct 02 by Absentee Bid Form for 2,115 GBP. Provenance- The Blumka Collection; UTO Auktionem, Auktion von 13 November 1978, Zurich 1978, lot 175; The Time Museum Inventory No 1543. We need more information and better photos of this now lost dial.
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from Sotheby’s temporary webpage- now unavailable.

Dial 117
The Chavenage Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown
Date: unknown, probably 1600's.
Original Location: Lat: 51° 39.3' N; Lon: 2° 11.0' W. About 15 feet high (4.5 meters) in the centre top panel of a nine panel leaded window in the Great Hall at Chavenage House near Tetbury, Gloucestershire England.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declination unknown exactly, but declines to the east of south.
Size: about 15.2 x 25 cm (6 x 10 in)
Adornment: a sun on dial face. Surrounding window elaborately decorated.
Mottos: none
Condition: Crack originates from gnomon hole, crack was re-leaded. Gnomon is missing.
Comments: No gnomon exists but the three holes at the bottom of dial face indicate a triple support stay was used. Dial shows hours and half hours. We are anxiously looking for more information and better photos of this dial and its surrounding window.
Reference: The "Stained Glass at Chavenage House", Dr Hilary Wayment F.S.A. Antiquaries Journal - 'Tetbury' Vol. 78 1998
Chavenage Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are all from unknown sources. Photo ‘d’ is of the Great Hall.

Dial 118
The St. Mary Magdalene Church Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown
Date: unknown, probably 1600's.
Original Location: St. Mary Magdalene Church, Newark, Nottinghamshire, England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. The dial depicted is a due south wall dial.
Size: unknown
Adornment: highly ornamented
Mottos: undetermined
Condition: Excellent
Comments: This is not an actual working stained glass dial, but is a painting on stained glass of a vertical wall dial with its painted gnomon, held in the hands of two people. Ian Butson suggests that the time of '3 hours', as indicated by the painted shadow on the dial, is significant in Biblical terms as the hour of the death of Jesus. We are looking for better photos of the entire window and close-ups of the sundial depiction.
Church of England Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are from unknown sources.

Dial 119
The Bewcastle Church Dial Depiction
Designer & Maker: Alex Haynes, together with his wife Tess and his father Chris at Albion Glass, Brampton, Cumbria, UK
Date: Finished in October 2000, installed 14th December 2000.
Original Location: Lat: 55° N; lon: 2.7° W. Bewcastle Church in Cumbria, England. Approximately 10 miles north of Brampton. It is in the right window nave of a three nave grouping that has Christ in the center nave. In the left nave, there's a depiction of the artwork that's on the lower part of the stone pillar.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical, Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: vines with leaves and flowers. The glass colors chosen depict the natural dyes used to color the stone cross when it was first created.
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is a commemorative window made for the millennium and is one of three windows. It cost £7,000 (about $10,000). In addition to local grants, the balance was met by parishioners, local businesses and friends of the church, including a donation from a lady in New Hampshire, U.S.A. The design depicts the famous 7th century Bewcastle Saxon stone pillar sundial (England's first!) of around 675 A.D. which stands in front of the church. Window has exterior polycarbonate protection. For years it was incorrectly thought that the design on the pillar was a sliced pomegranate! The window dial never had a gnomon and was not meant to be a working sundial.
Bewcastle Church Website: Here
Visit Cumbria Website: Here
Musgrave Manor Website: Here
Find a Church Website: Here
Albion Glass Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ to ‘c’ are courtesy of Andrew Norris. Other photos are from unknown sources. Photos ‘e’ and ‘f’ are of the ancient Bewcastle Pillar Sundial.

Dial 120
The Klontz Embleton Dial
Designer & Maker: Peter Klontz (deceased), former British Sundial Society member
Date: 1995
Original Location: Lat: 54° 39’ N; Lon: 3° 17’ W. in central part of high quatrefoil chapel window within the music room and at eye level at Old Wesleyan Chapel, Embleton, Cockermouth CA13 9YA. Embleton is about four miles east of Cockermouth, heading towards Bassenthwaite Lake.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 5° east of south.
Size: diameter- 24.2 cm (9.5 in)
Adornment: The upper part of the dial is of deep red glass (translucent, to permit outside viewing) and the lower section is cream colored marbled with light brown (external view) but appears orange from inside the building. The centre of the dial is in the form of a metal sun disk with 25 spikes.
Mottos: none visible
Condition: excellent
Comments: This Information is courtesy of Robert Sylvester 2007. Gnomon is a simple hooked needle coming to a tapered end. Hourly time marks range from 6 am to 5 pm. Arabic serif font hour numerals are only on the 7 am, 9 am, 12 noon, 3 pm and 5 pm marks. No hour subdivisions. Access: Private, though its external aspect can be viewed from the road. Difficulty of access to this building meant that it was a long time before it could be ascertained as to whether Peter Klontz had properly completed this dial before his death. Owner David Sanger who has lived here since 1989 was most helpful. Peter Klontz contacted Robert Sylvester in 1995 for advice on line positions after a preliminary botched attempt. Now the dial is correctly made and functioning. The glass disk rotates, but it is not clear why, unless to allow adjustment for British Summer Time. Note: David Sanger died in 2010, but I am leaving his contact information just in case anybody wants to contact his relations.
Letter from Klontz to Sylvester: Here
David Sanger’s Website: Here
David Sanger’s Tel. & Fax: 017687 76628
David Sanger’s Email: Here
Robert Sylvester’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Robert Sylvester and were taken by him in 2007.

Dial 121
The Vinzenz Combination Dial
Maker: Philippi Vinzenz
Date: unknown, probably late 1900's
Original Location: unknown. Possibly somewhere in Germany.
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: This dial can be used as a vertical South or North Dial.
Size: large, size unknown
Adornment: a sun at dial center
Mottos: none
Inscription: "Kombi Sonmenuhr, Verticale, Nord-Sudsunenuhr"
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: Unique North and South vertical sundial design shows Longitude corrected solar time and the times and locations of sunrises and sunsets on the equinoxes and solstices. Looks like face is etched glass with glued-on numerals and sun. We are looking for more information on this dial.
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Philippi Vinzenz.

Dial 122
A Focusing Cylinder Dial
Maker: W.G. Benoy from Newark, Nottinghamshire England
Date: 1983
Original Location: Lat: 52° 18' 15" N, Lon: 4° 51' 06" E. In private collection in Holland.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: in an equatorial orientation for the owner's latitude
Size: diameter- 50 cm (19.7 in)
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Condition: good
Comments: Equatorial dial that uses a cylinder of water to focus a ray of light on the timescale. Mounted on stone. Was a gift from the maker in 1983. Adjustable for longitude. Shows summer time only. Another Benoy dial of this type is also on display in the British Science Museum in London.
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Thibaud Taudin Chabot.

Dial 123
The Tallow Chandler's Hall Dial
Maker: C. Holborow/J Swingler (Fowey)
Date: 1999
Original Location: Lat: 51.31° N; Lon: .05° W. In second floor window at Tallow Chandler's Hall, 4 Dowgate Hill, Committee Rm. London England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 15° west of south.
Size: 53.3 x 39.4 cm (21 x 15.5 in)
Adornment: shields and coats of Arms. Tallow Chandler's Coat of Arms in center and shields of the City of London and of C. Holborow at top, and the City of London Coat of Arms at base. Roman numerals "MM" at the top commemorate the year 2000.
Mottos: undetermined. present, but illegible in photos.
Condition: good. appears cracked then repaired. Gnomon is present.
Comments: Design mimics a typical 17th century English glass dial. Appears that the glass artisan even made the panel look broken and re-leaded it to make it look old. Shadow says 1:45 pm. Shows 8 am to 6 pm in quarter hours. Viewing by permission.
Reference: British Sundial Registry ID#: SRN4130
The Worshipful Company of Tallow Chandlers Website: Here
British History Online Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Didier Barret. Photo ‘c’ is from the BSS registry. Photo ‘b’ is a photoshopped version of photo ‘c’ that corrects perspective distortion.

Dial 124
Stained Glass Sundial Lanterns
Designer & Maker: Henry Ferl, German master stonemason and sculptor
Date: unknown, Probably late 1900's
Original Location: unknown location in Germany
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: various face orientations on different sides of pieces.
Size: various sizes
Adornment: various
Mottos: unknown
Condition: unknown
Comments: Karl Maier happened to see these unique stained glass sundial lanterns passing by in his car. Reinhold Kriegler says that their maker learned gnomonics from well-known German gnomonists and sundial books by authors Schumacher & Peitz. These objects are probably seriously working sundials during daytime and electric lanterns at night that help one to find his way home. Some of them were probably for indoor table-top placement. We are seeking better photographs and more information on them.
Henry Ferl’s Phone: 02166-82037 + 851142
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Karl Maier.

Dial 125
The Majó Dial
Sundial Designer: André Majó
Glass Artisan: Irene Lopez Torrent
Date: 2004
Original Location: Lat: 41° 31' 31" N; Lon: 02° 22' 15" E. at the Museo de Relojes de Sol (The Sundial Museum), Cabrils in Barcelona Spain. The Museum and dial are owned by André Majó.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south
Size: 35 x 20 cm (13.8 x 7.9 in)
Adornment: smiling sunface, paint-speckled background, signed & dated
Mottos: “Carpe Diem” (Seize the Day)
Condition: excellent, but appears the gnomon is missing.
Comments: for table-top display with a wood frame. Dial face is a single piece of etched glass. The sunface, hour lines, and speckling are of kiln-fired fused glass.
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘b’ is courtesy of Antonio J. Canones and is the original photo. Photo ‘a’ is the photoshopped version of ‘b’ that crops and fixes perspective distortion.

Dial 126
The Halifax Dial Depiction
Maker: unknown
Date: unknown, Probably early 1900's
Original Location: Standeven's Ladyship Mills at Ovenden in England.
Present Location: relocated to the Calderdale Industrial Museum in Halifax, Yorkshire England.
Orientation: Orientation of window is unknown, but the sundial depicted on it is due south and vertical.
Size: unknown
Adornment: Elaborate. Exquisitely embellished using a rich yellow and orange color scheme with cherubs, ornate pillars and articles of commerce such as a typewriter, a telephone switchboard and a spinning wheel.
Mottos: on sunDial: “TEMPUS” (TIME), on surrounding window: “COMMERCE”
Condition: unknown
Comments: The large window has 25 panels. A small depiction of a sundial is in the center at the top. This is not a functioning dial. If it were, it would not keep time because the gnomon is painted in the wrong position and the hour numerals are reversed. Robert Sylvester reported in January 2008 that The Calderdale Industrial Museum has been closed for several years and it is now in an unsafe condition. He spoke to a Mr. Jeff Wilkinson (tel. +44 1422 354823) who was most helpful. He regularly calls at the building near Halifax’s famous Piece Hall to keep a check on it. He assures Robert that the window in which the dial is situated is still there but they have boarded it up for protection. It is no longer possible for visitors to see this dial. To uncover it would be a large undertaking but Mr. Wilkinson has made a note of Robert’s interest and says he will contact him when this is done. He does, however, stress that this will not be in the near future. We need a better close-up photo of the dial depiction.
Museums in Britain Website: Here
West York Attractions Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Robert Sylvester which he photocopied from a postcard.

Dial 127
The Thorp Village Dial
Designer: Robert Adzema, famous sundial designer and award winning member of The North American Sundial Society
Date: 1991
Original Location: lat: 41° 2' 30'; Lon: 35° 56' 15" W. High up on brick wall of the Thorp Village Senior Center, Box 254, Route 340, Sparkill, NY 10976-0254, USA.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 38° 14' 42" to the east of south.
Size: face- 213 x 213 cm (7 x 7 ft). gnomon length- 35.5 cm (14 in)
Adornment: Solstices and equinox lines.
Mottos: none
Condition: good, but some tiles are missing. Unfortunately, it's shaded for much of the day by a nearby tree. The tree needs pruning!
Comments: The gnomon is bronze and tilework is framed in copper. It has hundreds of 1" square ceramic bathroom tile mosaics mounted on four seamless panels. Gnomon is attached to directly to bricks underneath the dial plate. We're looking for a sunny day photo taken before the tree grew so big.
Robert Adzema Website: Here
Robert Adzema’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of John Carmichael & Mike Shaw.

Dials 128 129 130 131 132 133
(more information below)
Photo Descriptions: These are Franz/Schouler table-top dials.
Dial 128:
Dial 131:

Dial 134
The Rainbow Dial
(more information below)
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of the original which is missing.

Dial 135
The Flower Dial
(more information below)
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘b’ is the original photo, and photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of it.

Dial 136
The Zodiac Dial
(more information below)
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘f’ is the original photo, and photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of it.

Dial 137
The Indian Sun Dial
(more information below)
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘b’ is the original photo, and photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of it.


Delineator and Co-designer:
Bernhard Franz (1923-2002) from Quierschied near Saarbruecken Germany.
Co-designer, Glass Painter, and Glazier: Arthur Schouler, famous French master glazier and glass painter. Born: 28 march 1927 in Saint Avold France. Died 28 march, 1984 at 57 years of age.
Date: late 1900's. Dials 35 and 136 were made in 1978.
Original Location: Made in Shouler's studio in Saint Avold France.
Present Location: Dials 35 and 136 are likely at Schouler's home in Saint Avold. Some reportedly were last seen in the late 1990s for sale in The Sundial Shoppe in Basle Switzerland. Franz gave Dial 130 without numerals to Hans Behrendt in Stuttgart and Behrendt added them later. Other dials are lost or are at unknown locations.
Orientation: Looks like most if not all are due south vertical dials that are longitude corrected.
Size: unknown exactly. All the hanging dials (except for Dials 35, 36 and 37) are the same Size: about 35.6 x 48.3 cm (14 x 19 in). The table-tops are smaller: about 30.4 cm (12 in) tall. Dial 35 is 88 x 58 cm (34 x 22 in). Dial 136 measures 88 x 58 cm (34 x 22 in)
Adornment: Artwork is very modern and somewhat like Art Deco with beautiful use of brightly colored glass pieces and impressive glass painting. White opalescent glass chapter rings have painted teardrop hour numeral symbols or interesting odd types of Roman numeral hour notation.

Dial 138
The Happy Sun Dial
(more information below)
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘b’ is the original photo, and photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of it.


Mottos:
none
Condition: unknown. But dials 35 and 136 are in excellent condition.
Comments: Bernhard Franz independently invented stained glass sundials in 1973 without any knowledge of previous ones made by others. In 1978 in collaboration with Arthur Schouler, they made window hangings and free-standing table-top pieces. Carmichael thinks that the dials originally had blank chapter rings without hourmarks and were not made for specific locations. Once they were sold or given away and it was determined where the dials would be going, the hour marks were then delineated and added. Because we have photos of Dial 136 with both teardrops and dot hourmarks, it is possible that the hour marks were made of plastic decals or removable non-fired paint. In Franz's studio window, the gnomon of the hanging dials was attached to the window on the outside and functioned for any dial he hung on the inside, allowing him to switch the stained glass windows that hung there. In 1994 the Deutsches Uhrenmuseum in Furtwangen displayed some of Bernhard Franz's "Glassonnenuhren" as he called them while he was living in Quierschied, and a few German publications printed several articles in German about him and his dials. We'd like to find out the present location and condition of any of them.

Dial 139
The Palm of Hand Dial
(more information below)
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘b’ is the original photo, and photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of it.


Franz Doc 1- pg. 1:
Here
Franz Doc 1- pg. 2: Here
Franz Doc 2: Here
Franz Doc 3: Here
Franz Doc 4: Here
Franz Doc 5: Here
Wikipedia Saint Avoid Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Peter Kunath, Douglas Stevenson and Jean Stocker St. Avold France. Many were taken by Bernhard Franz who gave them to Mr. Kunath and Mr. Stevenson. 35 ‘b’ shows dial with hour marks. 35 ‘d’ shows dial without hour marks. 35 ‘e’ is a design sketch by Schouler of Dials 35 & 136. 136 ‘d’ shows different photos of Dial 136, with and without hourmarks. 136 ‘h’ is Schouler's signature on Dial 136. 136 ‘f’ shows dial hanging in Franz’s studio window.
Schouler's design sketch of unknown but similar dials: Here

Dial 140
The City Sundial
Maker: Dieter Vogt
Date: April 2004
Original Location: Lat: 52.09° N, Lon: 7.61° E. Greven Germany. Mr. Vogt makes similar ones for other locations in Germany.
Present Location: this one is at its original location.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: appoximately 20 x 20 cm (8 x 8 in)
Adornment: two yellow suns, date and time labels.
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: Vogt calls this precise Standard Time sundial the "Stadtsonnenuhr" (The City Sundial). It's for desktop or window-sill indoor use. He custom-makes them for each customer's location, and they have built-in longitude correction and a built-in Equation of Time in the wavy hourlines. They also tell the month and the season. They're made from 5 mm acrylic glass with an adhesive film printed with the markings. There are separate winter and summer time scales. Since each wavy time line is half an analemma, you flip the sundial face upside-down when the solstices begin.
Stadtsonnenuhr Website: Here
Dieter Vogt’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Dieter Vogt.

Dial 141
The Berlin Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: 1535
Original Location: pane was in Kunstgewerbemuseum (Museum of Applied Art) in Berlin Germany
Present Location: unknown. now missing
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south-southeast.
Size: unknown. round
Adornment: a time ribbon from 6am to 4 pm. a sun, laurel wreath framing.
Mottos: "Sic Umbra Ducimur Umbra" (Like the Shadow, We will be Guided by the Shadow)
Condition: unknown. Gnomon hole is present.
Comments: We need more information and better photos of this great lost dial. If you find it, please let us know!
Videotape Transcript of Dial 141 only: Here
Willy Bachman’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ was kindly sent to us in 2008 by Willy Bachmann from Germany. It is a copy from the "Bildarchiv des AK Sonnenuhren in der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chronometrie e. V. (DGC)". This photo may be an old (1950’s?) reproduction. Photo ‘b’ was photographed from a still frame from the videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Historische Glassonnenuhren" 1980. It is probably a copy of photo ‘a’. Other poorer quality photos exist in the German Archive.

Dial 142
The Altshausen Castle Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: 1576
Original Location: pane from castle Friedrichshafen, later the monastery Bebenhausen/ Tubingen. Germany. Lat: 47.7° N.
Present Location: now in the archive of the Castle Altshausen in Saulgau Germany. It’s unknown when it was removed from its original location.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: chapter ring 8am-12-5 pm, below- table with hour and zodiacal lines. Day and night lengths 8-15 and 9-16 beneath are the meridian line. shining sun, zodiacal signs, right and upper part missing
Inscription: Isaac...Fiessen, pict- Spire-fec... In the ribbon- MDLXXVI (1576)
Condition: Photo ‘b’ shows that the dial was cracked then re-leaded. We don’t know when this happened.
Comments: We need more information and better photos of this historic and valuable dial. If you find it, please let us know! It would be well worth the effort (and fun!) if somebody would visit the archive of the Castle Altshausen in Saulgau Germany to find out if it still exists and to get us better photos and more information about it.
Videotape Transcript of Dial 142 only: Here
Altshausen Website: Here
Willy Bachman’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ was photographed from a still frame from the videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Historische Glassonnenuhren" 1980. It shows the dial before it was cracked and re-leaded. It has a gnomon shadow at 10:30 am. Consequently, this photo probably shows the dial in its original location. Photo ‘b’ was kindly sent to us in 2008 by Willy Bachmann from Germany. It is a copy from the "Bildarchiv des AK Sonnenuhren in der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chronometrie e. V. (DGC)". This photo may be an old (1950's?) reproduction. Other poorer quality photos exist in the German Archive.

Dial 143
The Darmstadt Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: 1770
Original Location: Lutherhaus (Luther House) in Grümberg/upper Hassia, Germany. Oddly, Behrendt's reverse engineering calculates its design latitude as 66° N. (Same as the Artic Circle!).
Present Location: Hessischen Landesmuseum (Hassia State Museum) in Darmstadt Germany Inv. Nr. Kg 37:19. Acquired in 1957.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: 23 x 18 cm (9 x 7 in)
Adornment: Primitively done. Has incorrectly drawn hourlines and zodiacal hyperbolas (sun calendar) in hexagon, hours 4-9-12 in twisted ribbon. The framework has floral tendrils and there is a sunspot. Chapter ribbon and margin pattern is yellowish brown.
Inscription: undetermined
Condition: Dial has cracks and holes for gnomon and mounting. Hour numbers are faded away.
Comments: Rudolph Hooijenga kindly translated this information for us from the Behrendt videotape. We need better photos of this dial.
Videotape Transcript of Dial 143 only: Here
Landes Museum Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: We copied photo ‘a’ from a videotape movie, and photo ‘b’ from an article. Both are called "Historische Glassonnenuhren" 1989 by Hans Behrendt.

Dial 144
The Zurich Pinhole Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: 1780
Original Location: Lon: 46° N. Lon: unknown. Tessin (Swiss canton)
Present Location: Museum der Zeitmessung Beyer (Beyer Museum of Time Measurement) in Zurich Switzerland
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south southwest.
Size: 13.3 x 8.7 cm (5.2 x 3.4 in)
Adornment: dark brown Italic hour lines 15-23, zodiacal symbols Capricorn and Cancer
Mottos: undetermined
Inscriptions: undetermined
Condition: unknown
Comments: Oldest known etched glass sundial. Frosted glass pane in small walnut wood box (18 x 13.5 x 3 cm) with pin hole in bottom to direct sun rays. On the right side there are two mountings to fasten it to the window frame. We need more information and better photos of this lost dial and an English translation of the videotape transcript.
Videotape Transcript of Dial 144 only: Here
Beyer Watch & Clock Museum Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: This photo and information is copied from a videotape movie and transcript by Hans Behrendt called "Historische Glassonnenuhren" 1989.

Dial 145
The Ludwigsburg Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: 1781
Original Location: Oddly, in Behrendt's article, "Historische Glassonnenuhren", he says it was at: 50° N. in Mainz, Bamberg Germany; but in his videotape, he says reverse engineering calculates its design latitude at 45.2° N, which puts it at Bordeaux in southern France, or Milan in northern Italy. We tend to believe it is german.
Present Location: Heimatmuseum (Regional History Museum) of Ludwigsburg near Stuttgart Germany.
Orientation: Vertical. Behrendt's reverse engineering calculates its declination as 7.5° east of south.
Size: 24 x 21 cm (9.4 x 8.3 in)
Adornment & Inscriptions: Simple. 1781. Chapter beam has hours 6-12-5 and short half hour lines on margin. Dotted Meridian and substyle. Mono-colored rust brown numbers and lines. Coat of arms with deer head. Rococo monogram J.J.J. According to Professor Decker-Hauff, of the Institute for Historical Regional Studies and Historical Subsidiary Sciences at the Stuttgart University: "Although the ornamentation uses heraldic symbols, it is not a coat of arms in the strict sense. Helmet, helmet cover, and helmet ornaments are indeed present, but the crucial blazon and blazon picture is missing. Instead, a typical Rococo monogram appears, formed from the letters J J J in an oval cartouche, which are repeated, mirrored, after the fashion of Rocaille ornamentations. Since in the much-entwined monogram there is also the suggestion of a letter V, it could also be read J J v J."
Mottos: none
Condition: monolithic pane cracked, hole for gnomon
Comments: Rudolph Hooijenga kindly translated this information for us from the Behrendt videotape. We need for someone to visit the museum to investigate if this dial still exists there and to obtain good photos.
Videotape Transcript of Dial 145 only: Here
Heimatmuseum of Ludwigsburg Website: Here
Willy Bachmann‘s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: For years, the only photo we had was copied from a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Historische Glassonnenuhren" 1989. Finally, thanks to investigations by German dialist, Willy Bachmann, he found and sent to us in 2008 an archived photo (photo ‘a’) from Bildarchiv des AK Sonnenuhren in der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chronometrie. This dial’s DGC photo number is (DGC 8652) which specifies the sundial in most German sundial publications. Photo has been lightly photoshopped to correct shape distortion.

Dial 146
The Ólomüveg Dial
Delineator: Dialist Géza Marton of Budapest Hungary
Glazier: Mr. Aladár Ambrus, a stainedglass maker in Budapest
Blacksmith: János Galló made the bezel and stand
Date: 2006
Original Location: on a curtain-column of Móra Ferenc High School in Kiskunfélegyháza Hungary
Size: Sundial Face- 65 x 75 cm (25.6 x 29.5in), Column- 315 cm (10 ft)
Orientation: Inclines 15°. Declines south.
Materials: clear rippled cathedral type stained glass face surrounded by beautiful iron bezel with an iron rod gnomon, and iron stand. Mounted on top of a stacked brick column
Adornment: none on face. Stand has nice embellishments.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: “Ólomüveg” means “stained glass” in Hungarian. As of 2009, this is the only known stained glass sundial in Hungary. Unfortunately, there were a couple of problems with this beautiful dial. Since it has clear glass instead of opalescent glass, the gnomon’s shadow didn’t appear on the glass when it was originally constructed. The photos below show this flaw. Realizing this, Mr. Marton has recently corrected the problem by adding an opal lacquer layer to the top side. Additionally, it looks like the length of the gnomon rod is too short so that its shadow will not reach the numerals on the periphery around noon. We hope to get photos showing the corrected glass.
Picasa Website: Here
Email of Géza Marton: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Géza Marton taken June 14, 2006

Dial 147
The King Poniatowski Dial
Maker: Made by Jean François Richer, an artist, French astronomer and Instrument maker for the king, Stanislas Augustus Poniatowski.
Date: 1788
Original Location: Lat: 52° 14' 50.425" N, Lon: 21° 0' 52.87" E. In The Royal Castle in Warsaw Poland. Behrendt's reverse engineering calculates its design latitude as 52.1° N. which corresponds with the location of Warsaw.
Present Location: Lat: 52° 9' 53.124" N, Lon: 21° 5' 25.092" E. It’s mounted in a wooden box held by a window frame on the south side of The Wilanów Palace in Warsaw Poland. There is an outer pane of dirty glass in front of it. This is why it seems to be so unclean in the photos.
Orientation: Its original and current location have a vertical inclination. Hans Behrendt's reverse engineering calculated its original declination was 14° east of south. Its present declination is south. So it would not function if its gnomon were reattached.
Size: unknown exactly- about 2 m (79 in) tall.
Adornment: The finely divided dial shows a sun calendar with the hours of VI o'clock am to V o'clock pm on the edges. Has 15 minute time divisions. For the first time on an historical glass sundial, the figure-of-eight analemma appears, indicating the deviation of true noon at the different seasons. Has the King's crown with the Polish and Lithuanian coat of arms, and in the centre is the coat of arms of the Poniatowski family. Further up, is the inscription: "Richer brevelé du roi en 1788". Patron was the Polish king.
Mottos: the admonishing motto "Ultima Time" (Fear the Latest). The word "hour" is understood to be added.
Condition: Good in 2009. Gnomon is still missing, however there is an picture of it. Darek Oczki trying to get it for us. At the end of the zodiacal hyperbola, the symbols are quite faint.
Comments: All information here was provided by German dialist, Hans Behrendt and polish dialist, Dariusz Oczki. This is a valuable and historic sundial and is the second oldest etched glass sundial that we know of. Hans Behrendt said in his 1989 videotape: "Notice how the inscription is to be read inversely. Probably the pane was negligently inserted wrongly during a restoration." You can see this installation error in his old video photo ‘q’. The dial has since been reversed. Note that The Wilanów Palace also is home to the famous and most beautiful “Chronos Painted Wall Sundial” which you can see almost hidden behind the scaffolding in photos ‘o’ and ‘p’. You can see it more clearly and read about it at The Painted Wall Sundial Website at: Dial 31.
Videotape Transcript of Dial 147 only: Here
Dariusz Oczki’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Darek Oczki took photos ‘a’ to ‘p’ in 2009 and kindly sent them to us. He says: “It is very hard to take good photos because glass is very light there. There are some pics taken by a professional photographer, but I am not allowed to use them. He did something to make the sundial look dark with almost white markings. Unfortunately the palace is now being renovated so glass behind the sundial is covered with thousands of little and big stains of paint. As a computer graphic I have enhanced my pics a bit, so now one can see all the details even if they were taken during the day (It was very light outside so you would not see almost nothing on the sundial.” Other poor quality photos (‘q’, ‘r’, ‘s’) were copied from the videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Historische Glassonnenuhren" 1989. He said: "In 1966, Dr. Somerville of Mendota England photographed dial at the Wilanów castle in Warsaw. In 1984, a Mrs. Zusanna Prószynska from Warsaw inquired after the sundial, in particular the activity of the artist. Apparently, she was doing research on the clocks of King Stanislaus August Poniatowski”.

Dial 148
The Zurich Pestalozzi Dial
Maker: engineer Major Heinrich Pestalozzi II. (1790-1857)
Date: 1809
Original Location: Lat: 47° 22' N. pane in house "Zum Ellstecken", Trittlingasse in Zurich Switzerland
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 35° 39' east of south.
Size: 22 x 22 cm (8.7 x 8.7 in)
Adornment: Dial has zodiacal signs and hour lines 6-12-6 quarter and ten minute divisions, horizon and substyle line.
Inscription: Vertical. Declines 35° 39' east of south according to H. Pestalozzi (1810).
Condition: unknown
Comments: We need more information and better photos of this lost dial and an English translation of the videotape transcript.
Videotape Transcript of Dial 148 only: Here
Photo Descriptions: Dial is etched into a clear window pane. Gnomon has a perforated disk. The sundial is protected as a public monument. A nearly identical dial by Pestalozzi from 1809 is in the archive of the Swiss Observatory in Zurich. This photo and information are copied from a videotape movie and transcript by Hans Behrendt called "Historische Glassonnenuhren" 1989.

Dial 149
The Barrington Dial
Maker: Baptista Sutton (1600-1667)
Date: 1641
Original Location: Commissioned by a Puritan Essex MP, Sir Thomas Barrington for his leased home on Great Queen Street in London England, near Sutton’s shop. It wound up at Warneford Place in a hamlet called Sevenhampton about 1 mile south of Highworth, Wiltshire England. This was formerly the home of Lord Banbury until it was sold to Ian Fleming (of James Bond fame) in 1960. The window survived in Warneford Place until 1960, and was presumed lost until Jo Clark rediscovered it in May 2007. It’s unknown if the dial was removed before the property was sold to Lord Banbury.
Present Location: Jo Clark confirmed in May 2007 that it is not in the remodeled Warneford Place and found out that it now hangs in a wooden frame on a wall in a new owner’s home in London England. The owner wishes to remain anonymous.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines about 41° east of south.
Size: Entire Window- 46 x 28.8 cm. (18 x 11.3 in); Dial Only (to outside of surrounding came)- 27.8 x 17.3 cm (11 x 6.8 in)
Adornment: Barrington coat of arms and a spider hanging from a single-strand web above a fly. First example of a stained glass sundial that uses Roman numeral "IIII" for 4 o'clock and a cross pattee for noon.
Inscriptions: “1641” at top. John Davis says: “Most interestingly, on the back (outside) of the dial, the number "42" is scratched into the glass near the centre-top, behind the crest on the coat of arms. Is this Sutton's 42nd dial? - the 42nd panel in a larger scheme?”
Condition: John Davis reported in Nov 2007 that it was “generally in good condition but with a number of hairline cracks and some very small losses of paint. There are a total of four gnomon holes- of the lower three, two are now filled.”
Comments: According to the Sevenhampton website, Ian Fleming moved into Warneford Place with his wife, Ann, when building on the new Sevenhampton Place was completed three years later. Ann remodeled it, so much so, that Evelyn Waugh commented that “She had changed a mansion into a cottage”. Jo Clark reports that it seems Ian Fleming actually loathed the reconstructed Warneford Place. Ian Fleming died in 1964. This important historical dial was rediscovered thanks to the detective work of Ms. Jo Clark who saw the old photos of the dial in this website and became curious to find it. All the dial information here was obtained from Hans Behrendt, Geoffrey Lane, Jo Clark and John Davis.
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(iv), March 2006. pg. 40-47
Article by John Davis (1MB): The ‘Lost’ Barrington Stained Glass Dial Rediscovered. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 21(ii), June 2009. Pg. 12
Videotape Transcript of Dial 149 only: Here
Highworth Wiltshire Website: Here
Sevenhampton Website: Here
Jo Clark’s Email: Here
Geoffrey Lane’s Email: Here
John Davis’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Carmichael scanned Photo 149a from an article by Hans Behrendt called "Alte Englischen Fenstersonnenhren" 1984. Photo 149b was taken by P.S. Spokes in 1945 and Geoffrey Lane used it with the permission of Mrs. A Spokes Symond in his article in the BSS Bulletin (see link below). After being rediscovered, John Davis took photos 149c and 149d in Nov. 2007, and we use them with his permission. Photo ‘e’ is a map of Southhampton.

Dial 150
The Robin Redbreast Dial
Maker: possibly John Oliver
Date: 1650
Original Location: Carmichael thinks it was made for an unknown location in England, but Sotheby's says it could be Swiss.
Present Location: unknown. Sold on Oct 14, 2004 at Sotheby auction to unknown buyer. Previously was at the now closed Time Museum in Rockford Illinois, USA.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines northeast of south.
Size: 27.5 x 21 cm (11 x 8 in)
Adornment: scrollwork on red background and a singing English robin (robin redbreast).
Inscription: none. unsigned
Condition: cracked. Gnomon missing
Comments: Dial must have been originally installed in some window since the photo shows gnomon holes in the glass. Therefore, the wire hanging loop must have been added after the dial was removed from its window. It sold for 3000 USD at Sothebys. Time Museum Inventory #98. Sotheby lot #761, Sale # 1103039. Dial also appears in a videotape movie and transcript by Hans Behrendt called "Historische Glassonnenuhren" 1990. If anybody knows where this dial is located or has more photos, please tell us.
Videotape Transcript of Dial 150 only: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is a corrected reverse image of the lot photo from the Sotheby auction website. Carmichael thinks that the dial was photographed backwards by Sothebys. Photo ‘b’ is from Hans Behrendt’s videotape.

Dial 151
The Clockmaker's Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: unknown exactly. modern. 1900s
Original Location: In a hall window at the Hotel Adler (Eagle Hotel) in Schwennigen, Germany (The Black Forest).
Present Location: unknown. Probably still at its original location.
Orientation: Vertical. Declination is unknown.
Size: unknown
Adornment: The gnomon and the sundial face are painted on the glass. Numerals are arranged counterclockwise. On the right we see a home working clockmaker on his journey with his works in the pannier for sale. The sundial and the clockmaker's dress are typical of the Black Forest.
Inscriptions: unknown
Mottos: unknown
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a beautiful non-functional depiction of a sundial. We'd love to get more information and better photos of this window. If anybody knows the whereabouts of Hans Behrendt's original slide transparencies or photos, please let us know.
Schwennigen Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: These poor quality photos and information are copied from a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990. Behrendt copied his movie of this dial from a photo by Dr. Stroebel at the local history museum.

Dial 152
The William Cole Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: probably 1600's
Original Location: unknown place in England
Present Location: unknown. Last known to be in the Dr. William Cole collection
Orientation: Vertical. Declines northwest.
Size: unknown
Adornment: a fly
Mottos: "carpe, praeterit" (translation unknown)
Inscription: undetermined
Condition: unknown
Comments: We need more information and better photos of this lost dial and an English translation of the videotape transcript.
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Videotape Transcript of Dial 152 only: Here
Photo Descriptions: This poor quality photo and information are copied from a videotape movie and transcript by Hans Behrendt called "Alte Englischen Fenstersonnenhren" 1990

Dial 153
The Blackheath Dial
Maker: W. Doyle
Date: 1815
Original Location: Blackheath London England
Present Location: unknown, possibly at its original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declination is unknown.
Size: unknown
Adornment: unknown
Inscription: unknown
Mottos: unknown
Condition: unknown, but gnomon is intact in this photo.
Comments: We need more information and better photos of this lost dial and an English translation of the videotape transcript.
Videotape Transcript of Dial 153 only: Here
Blackheath Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: This poor resolution photo and information are copied from a videotape movie and transcript by Hans Behrendt called "Alte Englischen Fenstersonnenhren" 1990

Dial 154
The Chicksands Priory Dial
Maker: possibly John Oliver
Date: probably 1600's
Original Location: Provenance of dial unknown but believed to have been part of the glass collection of Sir George Osborne, an early 19thC antiquary. Ref- Marcus Binney, Country Times & Landscape, November 1988, p77
Present Location: It's set in the left-hand (as viewed from inside) of a trio of stained glass panels, which are approx a yard tall by 10" wide, and fitted in a small SE facing oriel window at the Defense Intelligence and Security Centre, Chicksands Priory in Bedford, Bedfordshire England. Latitude and longitude are undetermined.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines east.
Size: width- 12.7 cm (5 in)
Adornment: Fly motif in centre. Shows 4am to 2pm in half hours. Uses IIII and cross pattee for Noon. Sun's rays stream from gnomon aperture.
Mottos: "Hinc Humana Leguntur Tempora" (From Here, Man Reads the Hours)
Condition: Good, but gnomon is missing and glass has a re-leaded crack. The BSS Sundial Register says dial is upside down, but it was not upside down when Peter Tandy saw it in Oct. 2004. No sign of restoration.
Comments: One of the most realistic fly paintings on glass with body and wings on opposite sides of the glass. Dial was also mentioned in videotape movie and transcript by Hans Behrendt called "Alte Englischen Fenstersonnenhren" 1990. Restricted viewing available in tour conducted by the Friends of Chicksands Priory. No photography allowed.
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Videotape Transcript of Dial 154 only: Here
Videoranch Photos Website: Here
Chicksands Priory Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Mike Cowham taken Jan. 2005.

Dial 155
The Merton Church Dial
Maker: unknown
Date: probably 1600's
Original Location: Lat: 52° 32' N; Lon: 0° 50' E. 2 meters above the ground in a south aisle window east of south porch at St. Peter's Church in Merton, Norfolk England
Present Location: Not in its original window, but may have been for this church originally. Installed in the Victorian period.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines east.
Size: Outside of came- 18 x 15.3 cm (7 x 6 in). Overall panel- 38 x 33 cm (14.9 x 13 in)
Adornment: in the upper left corner a spider on web is busy catching a fly painted on inside. Queens portraits surround dial. That on the extreme left has replacement glass. Three white circles in hour borders are not holes, just clear areas. St Peter's Key panel. A matching panel in the next window has the same surround and the St. Peter's keys. Physical key to church has similar shape
Mottos: "dum loquimur fugit hora" (while we talk, time flies)
Condition: Fair. Some old breaks repaired in the 1800s. Needs cleaning. Gnomon missing. Behrendt's videotape (1980s) shows two missing red border panes in the upper right that have been repaired since then.
Comments: Restricted access. To view, contact Mr. David Kay (church warden) for key at 01953 881 339.
Article by Christopher Daniel: (Dec 2005) Sundials of the British Isles. The Sundial Page, "Clocks" Vol. unknown
Videotape Transcript of Dial 155 only: Here
Merton Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: All photos were taken in Sept. 2004 and are courtesy of and © by John Davis. Photo ‘j’, shows the dial before (left) and after (right) restoration.

Dial 156
The South Southwest Lindfield Dial
Maker: Charles Eamer Kempe (1837-1907), highly eminent stained glass artist in the late 19th century. His firm in the south of England near Brighton, Sussex, produced a large number of windows for cathedrals and churches worldwide, including the USA.
Date: 1893
Original Location: On the South Southwest wall of The Dial Room (Kempe’s bedroom) at Old Place in Lindfield Sussex England. According to a “Country Life” magazine article dated 23rd May 1903, Pages 666 – 669, it states on pg. 669: “In the largest room (Kempe’s bedroom), which is known as the Dial Room, there is an interesting revival of a very old custom - the placing of a sundial on a window pane.” According to page 423 of Mrs. Alfred Gatty's "Book of sun-Dials" she confirms that it was located at Mr. Kempe's home at Old Place in Lindfield along with two other stained glass sundials.
Present Location: unknown. It’s possibly at its original location, but is probably not still there since Philip Pattenden says that it was restored in 1920 then sold.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south southwest.
Size: unknown
Adornment: The window dial is quite detailed, and the artwork is very similar to the West Lindfield dial. The shield upper left shows St George killing the dragon and the one upper right has a Christ child on a bed of straw. Like the West Lindfield Dial, it has four signs of the zodiac on the lower panes surrounding the inscription, but they are different ones - Leo, Virgo, Libra, and Scorpio. This leads us to believe that the lost 3rd Sundial from the Dial Room probably had the remaining four signs of the Zodiac, and that the lost 3rd Dial probably looks quite similar to the other two. An unusual gnomonic feature is the painted substyle line on the dial face.
Inscription: The lower center pane has an amusing translation of a Latin inscription that’s on the adjoining West window. "To no one is given right of delay; Noted in heaven passeth each day; Be not thou fruitless; Work while ye may; Trifling were bootless; Watch thou and pray." There are also short Latin inscriptions on the upper left and right panes. We need help translating these.
Mottos: The text in the upper left and right panes is something like "Decus angel’ru" (L) and "Gloria excelsis" (R).
Condition: unknown. But Pattenden said that it was restored in 1920 then sold.
Comments: We deeply are indebted to Dr. Robert Berger, Geoffrey Lane, John Davis and David Brown for researching and providing the most of the information here. Page 423 of Mrs. Gatty's " The Book of Sun-dials" says: "In addition to the pillar dial Mr. Kempe, the owner of Old Place, Lindfield, has placed a vertical dial on the stable and three window dials on the house." One of the three window dials she mentioned is the lost Lindfield dial. In the article by Pattenden "A Pelican in Sussex" in History Today, 9/1982, he confirms that these three window dials were formerly located in the Dial Room at Old Place in Lindfield. The "Sunday Chronicle" (Aug 1896) reported: "Mr. Kempe has approximately a dozen sundials in his garden and his house. Most remarkably, he has set up several in such a way that he can tell the time from his bed. Indeed three of his sundials have been set up in the windows and so arranged that they indicate the time on the glass of the window. Each window showed the signs of the zodiac on the four lower panes. In the west window was the inscription: "Nec Sol, nec Umbra" (So little sun, just so little shade), along with the date 1893. The morning dial (Behrendt's catalogue number 47) indicates the hours from 3 to 10, while the southwest dial (No 48) shows the hours 7-12-6. These panes were restored around 1920, and later sold.” We need more information and better photos of this lost dial and for someone to arrange a visit to Old Place in Lindfield to investigate, measure and photograph this dial and the other two lost stained glass dials if they still exist there. If they aren’t there, where are they?
Videotape Transcript of Dial 156 only: Here
Page from Mrs. Alfred Gatty's "Book of Sun-Dials": Here
Lindfield Website: Here
Country Life Magazine Picture Library Website: Here
Old Place Photo Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: We are indebted to Country Life magazine for sending to us and giving us permission to use their copyrighted photo ‘a’. Please do not use it without their permission. It appeared in Country Life Magazine article dated 23rd May 1903, pgs. 666 – 669. Photo ‘b’ is a transformed version of photo ‘a’. Photo ‘c’ is Scanned Copy of Original © photo from Country Life Magazine Article. Photo ‘d’ is copied from the Behrendt Videotape.

Dial 157
The Lady Grammatica Dial
Makers: The sundial was designed by Heinrich Reichle in Freiburg, constructed by Professor Heinz Schumacher (who died in 1998) and produced by Isele Glass Manufactory Freiburg.
Date: 1979, according to the Franz videotape and Renate Frank
Original Location: It was placed in the upper hall of Freiburg’s oldest town hall in 1979. It’s at the court summerhouse in the old City Hall in D-79098 Freiburg in Breisgau Germany. Willy Bachmann informed us in 2008 that it is located at DGC - 66287 Quierschied, Zum Quirinsborn 36, Germany. The building was totally damaged during World War II and then reconstructed. In the entrance hall of Freiburg Cathedral one finds mediaeval sandstone statues (see below) which represent the Seven Liberal Arts. One of them is 'Grammatica' with a rod and with two children, a diligent and an indolent one. (Thanks to Renate Frank for this updated information).
Present Location: At its original location in 2011.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines east by unknown amount.
Size: circle diameter- 45 cm (17.4 in)
Adornment: The image is of “Frau Grammatica” (trans: Lady Grammatica) and two children, with a sun and the moon over their heads. Although it looks like a little spider or a fly is painted on the red glass border above the sun, the construction drawing (see below) is nothing but the point to fix the gnomon.
Inscriptions: The German word “MITTAG” (trans. “NOON”) appears in chapter ring between XII and XIII.
Mottos: none
Condition: Still in excellent condition in 2008. To protect the stained glass windows the installers put insulating glass against them from the outside. Because the gap distance between the two glasses is only 1.56 inches, the dial never had a gnomon and probably won’t get one. However, it would be possible to safely add a rod gnomon to the exterior pane of clear glass using silicone adhesive. I hope this gets done someday. JC
Comments: A handsome round dial! This is one of Germany’s best modern stained glass sundials. Because the donator of the sundial was a teacher - the former director of Freiburg vocational school - they took this allegory of learning and teaching as a model for the sundial.Its theme is education. We'd love to get better interior and exterior photos of this dial. This is an important German sundial and deserves respect and care.
Freiburg Website: Here
Willy Bachmann’s Email: Here
Renate Frank’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: For years, the only photo we had was a poor quality photo copied from a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990. Finally in 2008, thanks to investigations by German dialist, Willy Bachmann, he found and sent to us two archived photos (b and c) from Bildarchiv des AK Sonnenuhren in der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chronometrie e. V. (DGC). Interior photo ‘b’ is from a slide taken by Professor Schumacher. Photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of photo ’b’ that corrects perspective distortion. Exterior photo ‘c’ was taken by Mr. Peter Jacobs, member of that society. This dial’s DGC photo number is (DGC 8507) which specifies the sundial in most German sundial publications. To reuse this photos, please obtain permission from Bildarchiv des AK Sonnenuhren in der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chronometrie e. V. (DGC). Photo ‘d’ is the Hans Behrendt videotape transcript of Dial 157. Photo ‘e’ is the original construction drawing. Photo ‘f’ is 'Lady Grammatica' with a rod and with two children, a diligent and an indolent one. Renate Frank supplied us with photos ‘e’ and ‘f’.

Dial 158
The Yorkcraft Dial
Makers: Yorkcraft
Date: unknown exactly. Late 1990's.
Original Locations: sold commercially in the USA and several copies are scattered. Latitude and longitude undetermined.
Present Locations: In private collection CT USA.
Orientations: Vertical. Declines south.
Sizes: 23 x 15 cm (9 x 6 in)
Adornment: Spread Eagle wings on an hour glass, smiling sun, scrollwork, Noon is spelled out. On the right dial a signature in red ink in bottom right says "Aubrey".
Mottos: "I count only sunny hours"
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is a modern commercially available faux stained glass sundial made by Yorkcraft. They aren't real stained or painted glass since they have a plastic film print attached to the back side of glass. Gnomon is attached to the frame which is mounted on a wooden display stand for table-top display. Comes with detailed instruction manual. Dial also appeared on a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990.
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘b’ is courtesy of Fred Sawyer. Photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version of photo ‘b’

Dial 159
The Sun with Clouds Dial
Maker: unknown, exactly. Because of where it appears in the videotape, it may be by Bernhard Franz.
Date: unknown exactly. modern. 1900s
Original Location: unknown. Probably German.
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Declination is unknown.
Size: unknown
Adornment: looks like a setting sun with clouds. Plant leaves in bottom left and right corners. The Equation of Time is in the lower left corner.
Inscriptions: none visible
Mottos: none visible
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a framed table-top dial on stand. We'd love to get more information and better photos of this lost dial. If anybody knows the whereabouts of Hans Behrendt's original slide transparencies or photos, please let us know.
Photo Descriptions: This poor quality photo was copied from a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990.

Dial 160
The Star Block Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: 1976. In 1976 Kahn showed dials 160 and 161 at the society's conference in Merton.
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: Sold to Klaus Leckebusch by Kahn in 1980. Hangs in his home in Hedingen Switzerland.
Orientation: Vertical. Has adjustable declination.
Size: without frame: 39.6 x 38.3 cm (15.6 x 15 in). including frame: 42 x 40.5 cm (16.5 x 15.9 in)
Adornment: A star with a tail as a block sundial and a burning oil lamp. The signs of the Zodiac.
Inscriptions: An inscription in the middle refers to 'clock wisdom': "Hin geht die Zeit, her kommt der Tod" ("Time goes, Death comes").
Mottos: none other than the inscription above
Condition: excellent
Comments: Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. Above the pane the lens is visible. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. There's one optical fiber for every five minute interval. There are 24 bundles of 6 optic fibers; 144 fibers total. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window. This dial was featured in a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Klaus Leckebush. Photo ‘e’ is the best photo we have showing the back side of the dial with the optical fiber bundles and their attachment. Close-up photo ‘d’ shows 5 minute time indicators on front side showing the time as 11:20 am.

Dial 161
The Kahn Black Square Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: Late 1900s. In 1976 Kahn showed dials 160 and 161 at the society's conference in Merton.
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Has adjustable declination.
Size: 40 x 50 cm (16 x 20 in.)
Adornment: Black chapter ring. Above the radiating sun are the names of the months, making the pane a solar calendar. In the noon line area is an analemma with months in Roman numerals, and under it values in +/- 5 and 10 minutes. The Zodiac signs are decoration.
Inscriptions: below the analemma: “meridies medis" (mean noon). Hour numerals are in counterclockwise order as with typical vertical sundials.
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a window hanging dial. Iwan Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. Above the pane the lens is visible. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. There's one optical fiber for every five minute interval. There are 24 bundles of 6 optic fibers; 144 fibers total. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window. We'd love to get more information and better photos of this lost dial. If anybody knows the whereabouts of Hans Behrendt's original slide transparencies or photos, please let us know.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: These poor quality photos are copied from a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990.

Dial 162
The Round Lions Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: unknown exactly. late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: In a doctor's house in Zurich
Orientation: Vertical. Has adjustable declination.
Size: unknown
Adornment: Coat of arms of Zurich, Kahn's hometown. The signs of the zodiac. Black face for easy time light viewing.
Inscriptions: Hour numerals are in counterclockwise order as with typical vertical sundials.
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a window hanging dial. Iwan Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. Lens is visible in center. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. There's one optical fiber for every five minute interval. There are 24 bundles of 6 optic fibers; 144 fibers total. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Iwan Kahn.

Dials 163 197
The Round Zodiacal Dials
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: 1979
Original Location: Were made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: vertical. adjustable declination
Size: 30 cm (11.8 in)
Adornment: Zodiac symbols in a circle. Death with his hourglass. Frames are cast bronze.
Inscriptions: "Horologium gnomon". Hour numerals are in counterclockwise order as with typical vertical sundials.
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: These are window hanging dials. Dial 197 is dedicated to Mr. Leo Benz. Iwan Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. There's one optical fiber for every five minute interval. There are 24 bundles of 6 optic fibers; 144 fibers total. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Iwan Kahn. Photo 163b shows close-up photo of lens and glass fibers with light conductor ring and the Equation of Time on the lens holder.
Dial 163:
Dial 197:

Dial 164
The Dance Macabre Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Has adjustable declination.
Size: 40 x 60 cm (15.7 x 23.6 in)
Adornment: A dance macabre scene with skeletons. Frame is cast bronze.
Inscriptions: Hour numerals are in counterclockwise order as with typical vertical sundials.
Mottos: "Tempus Vincit Omnia" (Time Conquers All)
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is This is a window hanging dial. Iwan Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. Above the pane the lens is visible. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. There's one optical fiber for every five minute interval. There are 24 bundles of 6 optic fibers; 144 fibers total. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Iwan Kahn.

Dial 165
The Monolith Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: at Iwan Kahn's home.
Orientation: Vertical. Has adjustable declination.
Size: 25 x 35 cm (9.8 x 13.7 in)
Adornment: Lion and coat of arms. Curved design suggests a spatial shape.
Inscriptions: Hour numerals are in counterclockwise order as with typical vertical sundials.
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: This photo is courtesy of Iwan Kahn.

Dial 166
The Sitting Man Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s.
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Has adjustable declination.
Size: unknown
Adornment: At the bottom in the center, a man is sitting, and it looks like he's reading something. Beautiful scrolls between numerals. Dial is lavishly embellished with fine painting. Analemma is on noon line. Symbols for zodiacal signs have Latin designations. The names of the month are on top near the sun.
Inscriptions: Hour numerals are in counterclockwise order as with typical vertical sundials.
Mottos: "ut hora sic fugit vita" (as the hour, so is life)
Condition: unknown
Comments: Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. Above the pane the lens is visible. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. There's one optical fiber for every five minute interval. There are 24 bundles of 6 optic fibers; 144 fibers total. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window. We'd love to get more information and better photos of this lost dial. If anybody knows the whereabouts of Hans Behrendt's original slide transparencies or photos, please let us know.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: These poor quality photos are copied from a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990. Photo ‘b’ shows the noon analemma.

Dial 167
The Shield of Danzig Dial
Designer and Maker: Harald Hindrichs from Danzig (Gdansk), a Wuppertal resident in 1990 and member of The German Society of Chronometry.
Date: 1982
Original Location: Made in Danzig (Gdansk) Poland for Badenweiler Germany.
Present Location: unknown. Hindrichs gave it to Hans Behrendt in Badenweiler Germany as a gift in 1982. It is now lost.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: 28 x 34 cm (11 x 13 in)
Adornment: Coat of arms of the Free State Danzig with two white crosses on red background with yellow crown over it. Short lines around edges mark the hours for a pre-Copernican evenly divided sundial.
Inscriptions: In lower left corner is the sign of the artist "H.H." In the other corner the year "82". Below, stamped in the frame: 31 SU H. Hindrichs (31st Sundial by H. Hindrichs)
Mottos: At the top is the motto of Danzigers: "nec temere nec timide" (neither rashly nor timidly).
Condition: unknown, but was in good condition when filmed by Behrendt in late 1980s.
Comments: Hindrichs often uses heraldic shields in his designs. For lack of a south window, he suspended it on a chain from a stand for table-top display. Behrendt says that at about 3 m from the sundial, a beautiful optical illusion appears. Due to the cam shape of the edge of the coat of arms, the hour lines in the lower area appear curved, although they are straight. We need more information and better photos of this dial. If anybody knows the whereabouts of Hans Behrendt's original slide transparencies or photos, please let us know. Is Mr. Hindrichs still alive and does anybody know where we can reach him?
Artist's Comments: Here
Danzig Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: These poor quality photos were copied from a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990.

Dials 168 169 170 171 179 180
The German Coats of Arms Dials
(more information below)
Dial 168:
Dial 169:
Dial 170:
Dial 171:
Dial 179:
Dial 180:

Dials 172 173 174 175 176
The German Coats of Arms Dials
(more information below)
Dial 172:
Dial 173:
Dial 174:
Dial 175:
Dial 176:

Maker:
Harald Hindrichs from Danzig (Gdansk), a Wuppertal resident in 1990 and member of The German Society of Chronometry.
Date: 1980s.
Original Location: made in Danzig Poland for unknown places in Germany.
Present Location: unknown. All these dials are lost.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: Each of the eleven dials has a different coat of arms of the old Lands of the Federal Republic (of Germany). 168: North Rhine; 169: Free State of Bavaria; 170: The Land (Baden) Wuerttemberg; 171: Berlin with the bear; 172: Hanseatic city Bremen with key; 173: Hanseatic city Hamburg with Gate to the World; 174: Hessen; 175: Lower Saxony with Ross (horse); 176: North Rhine - Westphalia; 179: Schleswig Holstein; 180: Saarland
Inscriptions: other than the hour numerals, no others are visible.
Mottos: none visible
Condition: unknown, but were in good condition when last filmed by Behrendt in late 1980s.Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990.
Comments: These are all table-top display models mounted on stands and are part of a series. Behrendt indicates that Hindrichs intended to make similar shield dials of the new Land (former East Germany). We'd love to get more information and better photos of these lost dials. If anybody knows the whereabouts of Hans Behrendt's original slide transparencies or photos, please let us know.
Photo Descriptions: These poor quality photos are copied from a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990.

Dial 177
The Adzema Human Dial
Designer: Robert Adzema, famous sundial designer and award winning member of The North American Sundial Society
Date: unknown, prob. 1990's
Original Location: the Brooklyn Children's Museum, Brooklyn, New York USA
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: large yellow sun in center with date line on top. Sky blue background with clouds.
Inscription: Has these user instructions: "stand on today's month and your shadow will point to the time. from November through March subtract 1 hour."
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a human analemmatic sundial mosaic made from hundreds of 1" bathroom tiles. We found this photo on Adzema's website and have contacted him asking for more information and photos.
Robert Adzema Website: Here
Robert Adzema’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: I found this photo on Adzema's website and have contacted him asking for more information and photos. j.c.

Dial 178
The Ahlers Aperture Dials
Designer: Dietrich Ahlers
Maker: Glaserei Oelze Bremen (auf Fensterglas geästzt)
Date: unknown. Probably 2004
Original Location: Lat: 52° 59' 0" N, Lon: 8° 48' 19" E. At Angelser Field 3, 28844 Weyhe, Germany.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 33° to the west of south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: Dial faces have split half analemmas with 1st of the month date marks, solstice hyperbolas and an equinox line. The upper dial also has a curve for May 8, Mr. Ahler's birthday. Both dials have two time scales: hour numerals on top tell Central European Time, and bottom numerals tell Central European Summer Time.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: Top Dial: Dec. 21 to Jun 21; Bottom Dial: Jun 21 to Dec 21
Condition: excellent
Comments: Balcony door window panel has two separate sundials etched into an inner glass pane. Each dial has hourly split analemmas for half a year that permit Standard Mean Time readings. Both gnomon disks have aperature holes. These are etched onto the outer pane and project spots of light onto the dial faces on the inner pane.
Olbers Planetarium at the University of Bremen Website: Here
Dietrich Ahlers’ Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Dietrich Ahlers.

Dial 181
The Franz Madonna Dial
Makers: Bernhard Franz did the hour line delineations and Arthur Schouler probably designed the artwork, painted the glass, and did the lead glazing.
Date: Late 1900s before 1981. Probably 1980.
Original Location: Willy Bachmann informed us in 2008 that it is located at D-66287 Quierschied, Zum Quirinsborn 36, Germany.
Present Location: possibly at original location
Orientation: unknown
Size: unknown
Adornment: the Madonna and other unidentified markings.
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a vertical dial mounted on a marble slab and attached to a wall, so unfortunately, one can’t see the beautiful colors of the glass when sunlight shines through it. The hour numerals were missing when Franz displayed it at the 1981 conference of the German Society for Chronometry. Photo ‘a’ shows it with numerals attached separately to the slab. As he often did with many of his other dials, he probably made the dial before he knew where it was going, so he didn't add hour numerals to the dial itself. Carmichael believes that he struggled to sell his dials, but kept making them anyway, hoping to find homes for them all someday. Sadly, when he died, many of his sundials were still left unsold at the Sundial Shop in Basel. They are now valuable collector items. We are looking for better photos and more information on this dial.
Willy Bachmann’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: For years, the only photo we had was the poor quality photo ‘b’, copied from a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990. Finally, thanks to investigations by German dialist, Willy Bachmann, he found and sent to us in 2008 the archived photo ‘a’ from Bildarchiv des AK Sonnenuhren in der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Chronometrie. This dial’s DGC photo number is (DGC 4075) which specifies the sundial in most German sundial publications.

Dial 182
The End of Life Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: Zurich Switzerland
Orientation: Vertical. Has adjustable declination.
Size: small. 15 x 18 cm (6 x 7 in)
Adornment: Painting of reclining nude with a cross on antique glass alludes to the "End of Life".
Inscriptions: Hour numerals are in counterclockwise order as with typical vertical sundials.
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a window hanging dial. Iwan Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. Above the pane the lens is visible. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. There's one optical fiber for every five minute interval. There are 24 bundles of 6 optic fibers; 144 fibers total. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Iwan Kahn.

Dial 183
The Solar Time Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Has adjustable declination.
Size: unknown
Adornment: A simple design with a large sun with lens in its center.
Inscriptions: Hour numerals are in counterclockwise order as with typical vertical sundials. They are hardly visible in the sunlight.
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a window hanging dial. Iwan Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. Above the pane the lens is visible. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. There's one optical fiber for every five minute interval. There are 24 bundles of 6 optic fibers; 144 fibers total. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window. We'd love to get more information and better photos of this lost dial. If anybody knows the whereabouts of Hans Behrendt's original slide transparencies or photos, please let us know.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: This poor quality photo is copied from a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990.

Dial 184
The Horologium Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Has adjustable declination.
Size: 22 x 28 cm (8.6 x 11 in)
Adornment: A simple design with no adornment.
Inscriptions: Hour numerals are in counterclockwise order as with typical vertical sundials. The word "Horologium" is below the numerals.
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a window hanging dial. You can see the "pointer of time" as a bright spot near 1 o'clock. Iwan Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. Above the pane the lens is visible. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. There's one optical fiber for every five minute interval. There are 24 bundles of 6 optic fibers; 144 fibers total. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Iwan Kahn.

Dial 185
The Schoder Dial
Designer: Mrs. Marianne Schoder, glass painter of the Stuttgart Glass Art Studio.
Date: unknown. Late 1900s, but before 1975.
Original Location: unknown. Lat: 48.8° N. Probably Stuttgart or Wurttemburg Germany
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical, Declines 7° west of south.
Size: overall height: 34 cm (13 in)
Adornment: A sun with long rays in the center with stars above.
Mottos: "ultima latet" (the last is hidden; 'hour' is implied. From Ultima latet ut observentur vomnes: the last (hour) is hidden so we must watch them all.)
Condition: unknown
Comments: Dial mounted on brass stand for table-top display. According to the artist, it's made from redish flashed glass into which the design is etched. Color photo not available (yet!). We are looking for better photos and more information on this dial.
Photo Descriptions: This poor quality photo is copied from a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990. Artist sent this photo to Behrendt in response to his call in the publication "Glass Sundials in Wurttemberg" in the magazine "Swabian homeland" from April 1975.

Dial 186
The Sunflower Dial
Designer: Willy Triebold
Maker: Not applicable
Date: 1894
Original Location: n/a
Present Location: n/a
Orientation: unknown
Size: the size of a typical small window
Adornment: a sunflower plant with several flowers. Sun is near the horizon. The top flower has the sundial face. Unidentified markings are at the bottom.
Mottos: none visible
Condition: n/a
Comments: This drawing originally appeared in the 'Deutschen Uhrmacherzeitung' (German Clockmakers Journal) of 1899. It described this drawing of a sundial under the heading "Decorated windowpane for a sundial". Author Willy Triebold, Berlin. In this picture, the dial is read from the outside like a typical vertical wall dial. It shows the year 1894. There's no report that this dial was ever actually made. It would be nice to see a new one made using this design. We are looking for better copies of this drawing and a copy of the publication.
Photo Descriptions: This poor quality photo is copied from a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990.

Dial 187
The Concentric Glass Balls Sundial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: polar axis equatorial dial. adjustable declination
Size: outer ball diameter approx. 10 cm.
Adornment: The time numerals are annealed using red glow heat. All metal parts are gilded.
Inscriptions: hourly analemmas
Mottos: none visible
Condition: unknown
Comments: A patented table-top sundial. (Pat.CH 667969-B5). This dial does not use optic fibers and stained glass like Kahn's other dials. Instead, a small hand-blown glass ball filled with colored liquid on the inside acts as a lens, focusing the sunrays to the dial on the inside of the outer glass ball. Here, hourly analemma loops for The Equation of Time are drawn next to the hour numerals for Standard Time readings. The time reading takes place from the outside, or through the ball, or by the adjustable mirror. The relatively heavy mirror serves also as a counterweight and provides for stability. The wood support accommodates the compass necessary to find the north-south direction.
Kahn's Brochure on his Garden Sundials: Here
Kahn's Article: HereIwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Iwan Kahn.

Dial 188
The Diaphnie Projection Dial
Designer: unknown
Maker: n/a
Date: 1903
Original Location: n/a
Present Location: n/a
Orientation: Vertical. Adjustable declination.
Size: unknown
Mottos: none
Condition: n/a
Comments: This information was copied from a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990. The 'Deutschen Uhrmacherzeitung' (German Clockmakers Journal) of 1903 reported on a "Diaphnie" sundial. Diaphanie means translucent picture. Behrendt calls it an eye sundial. The dial is part of a hemisphere. Toward the window the hemisphere is covered with a round dark stained glass plate with a central small hole through which a bright sunray passes and shines on the hour number ring. Fitted in a frame, this sundial can be hung in front of a window pane. The number ring can be adjusted to the window's declination. The advantage of this design is that no gnomon needs to be attached to the window. A gnomon in front of a free-hanging window pane is inconvenient. There is no evidence that this sundial was ever built.
Article by Fred Sawyer: (August 1994) A Stained Glass Diptych Pattern. "The Compendium" Vol. 1-3 pgs. 6-8 NASS.
Article by Robert Terwilliger: (pen Name: Ave Amici. L. Papirius Cursor) (March 1995). Ave Amici. "The Compendium" Vol. 2-1 pg. 12 NASS.
Article by Thibaud Taudin-Chabot: (August 1994) A Transparent Window Dial. "The Compendium" Vol. 1-3 pgs. 6-8 NASS.
Photo Descriptions: This poor quality photo was copied from a videotape movie by Hans Behrendt called "Neuzeitliche Glassonnenuhren" (Modern Glass Sundials) 1990.

Dial 189
The River of Time Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Has adjustable declination.
Size: 40 x 55 cm (15.7 x 22 in)
Adornment: Multiple red glass pieces on a blue sky with yellow stars. Kahn says that the design represents "Time is like a river, without border and end"
Inscriptions: Hour numerals are arranged horizontally in a straight line with morning hours on the left.
Mottos: "Die Zeit ein Flub ohne Ufer und Ende" (Time, a River without Banks or End)
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a window hanging dial. Iwan Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. Above the pane the lens is visible. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. There's one optical fiber for every five minute interval. There are 24 bundles of 6 optic fibers; 144 fibers total. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Iwan Kahn.

Dial 190
The Walker Anniversary Dial
Designer: Phil Walker
Maker: The tiles were made at the Jackfield Tile Museum by "The Decorative Tile Works".
Date: 1998
Original Location: lat: 52° 46' N; lon: 2° 22' W. On Mr. Walker's house wall in Shropshire, England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 18° east of south
Size: 24 x 60 cm (9.5 x 24 in)
Adornment: sun at gnomon foot
Mottos: none
Condition: Excellent
Comments: has 12 tube-lined ceramic tiles, each 15 cm square. Gnomon is copper and has a ball nodus. Shows British Summer Time and has three solar declination dates lines. The upper line is 14th February, Walker's wife's birthday; the lower one is June 24th, Walker's birthday, and the middle one is August 30th, the Walkers' wedding anniversary.
Phil Walker Website: Here
Jackfield Tile Museum Website: Here
Phil Walker Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Phil Walker. Photo ‘b’ was taken on the designer's wife's birthday, at about 11.25 a.m. British Summer Time, (10.25 a.m. GMT), Feb. 14.

Dial 191
The Glass Ball Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: polar axis equatorial-type dial. Adjustable for any latitude
Size: ball diameter: 12 cm (5 in)
Adornment: Etched hour numerals. Since the ball is also a mirror, the sky is visible in the lower ball half; the landscape under the ball in the upper.
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: A table-top sundial. One of the simplest sundial designs consisting of only of a glass ball. The side towards the sun acts as a lens that bundles the rays and throws them on the back of the ball. There, a bright circular spot forms. This circular spot represents the sun as it moves as a time pointer over the hour lines let in on this side. The time reading is simple: The circular area touches or covers one or two hour lines, depending upon time of day. The centre of the circular area is easy to find, and this is the current time of day. The "sun circle" equally covers the hour lines 12h (&XII) and 11h so the current time on the photo lies in between, thus 11:30 h. The ball holder is built in such a manner that the ball can simply be turned through one hour to go from standard to summer time.
Kahn's Brochure on his Garden Sundials: Here
Kahn's Article: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos were copied from Kahn's article.

Dial 192
The Glass Ball and Concentric Ring Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: polar axis equatorial-type dial. Adjustable for any latitude
Size: Diameter of the glass ball approximately 15 cm (6 in). Weighs several kilograms.
Adornment: none
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: A table-top sundial. The glass ball focuses the sunlight on the concentric glass half-ring with annealed numerals that surround it. This light spot moves along the time scale depending on the position of the sun, and so serves as a time pointer. The metal parts are for aligning the sundial towards the south and according to longitude and latitude. The sundial is built on a glass base.
Kahn's Brochure on his Garden Sundials: Here
Kahn's Article: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Iwan Kahn; photo ‘b’ is copied from Kahn's article.

Dial 193
The Glass Hemispherium Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: polar axis equatorial-type dial that mimics a Chaldean hemispherium.
Size: "angular" sundial, approx. 14 x 14 x 7 cm (5.5 x 5.5 x 2.8 in). Approximately 2 kg glass "round" sundial, Diameter approximately 14 x 7 cm (5.5 x 2.8 in) deep.
Adornment: none
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: A table-top or garden sundial. The glass body of this sundials is melted in a fireproof mold in a furnace: The fireproof mould results from casting the model of the sundial with a gypsum-like mass. The mould is filled with glass granulate, which determines color and transparency. The filled mold goes through a burn cycle in the furnace, up to approximately 850° c (1550° f). After cooling, the mold is destroyed. The glass body was then cut and polished. Then the time scale and the shadow staff are fixed in place.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is copied from Kahn's article.

Dials 194 195
The Clear Horologium Dials
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Adjustable declination.
Size: unknown
Adornment: a sun and primitive roman numerals
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: A window hanging dial. (Pat. CH 55-2239). Iwan Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. Above the pane the lens is visible. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo 194a copied from Kahn's article, photo 195a is courtesy of Mr. Kahn.
Dial 194:
Dial 195:

Dial 196
The Light Spot Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: In private collection in Hedingen Switzerland
Orientation: adjustable declination and latitude
Size: unknown
Adornment: none
Inscriptions: "Lichpunkt Sonnenuhr" (Light Spot Sundial); "korrektur äugengrad" (trans?)
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: A table-top dial. Iwan Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. In these photos the lens is visible with 24 optical fiber bundles, each of which has 6 optic fibers, making a total of 144 optic fibers- one for every five minutes. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Klaus Leckebusch (2004)

Dial 198
The Spread Eagle Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Has adjustable declination.
Size: diameter 32 cm (12.5 in)
Adornment: family coat of arms with black spread eagle on orange background.
Inscriptions: Hour numerals are in counterclockwise order as with typical vertical sundials.
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a window hanging dial. Iwan Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. Above the pane the lens is visible. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. There's one optical fiber for every five minute interval. There are 24 bundles of 6 optic fibers; 144 fibers total. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Iwan Kahn.

Dial 199
The Blue Zodiac Dial
Designer & Maker: Mr. Iwan Kahn, Swiss member of the German Society of Chronometry.
Date: unknown exactly, late 1900s
Original Location: Was made in either Wallisellen or Dietlikon Switzerland (both places are near Zurich).
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Has adjustable declination.
Size: unknown
Adornment: Signs of the zodiac on blue background with yellow border.
Inscriptions: Hour numerals are in counterclockwise order as with typical vertical sundials.
Mottos: "Tempus Fugit" (Time Flies)
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a window hanging dial. Iwan Kahn developed this new way to focus light onto the dial face by using a cylindrical lens in order to avoid the usual problems with gnomon attachment. Above the pane the lens is visible. Sunrays falling parallel to the lens appear as a bright line on the coaxially arranged half ring, the light conductor. In this ring the ends of multiple optic fibers are embedded over its whole length. These cables send the light to the time indicator ring on the dial face where a point of light tells the time. There's one optical fiber for every five minute interval. There are 24 bundles of 6 optic fibers; 144 fibers total. Since the cables are flexible, the lens can be adjusted to the correct declination for any window.
Drawing of Lens: Here
Cover of Sundial Owner's Manual: Here
Kahn's Comments: Here
Kahn's Article-English Translation (1 MB): Here
Kahn's Brochure in German (PDF 3 MB): Here
Iwan Kahn’s Website: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Handout: Here
Iwan Kahn’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Iwan Kahn.

Dial 200
A Horizontal Dial Sculpture
Designer, Glazier, Glass Painter: Martin Young
Date of manufacture: unknown, probably late 20th Century.
Original Location: city unknown, probably in England
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: a vine craws up the pedestal, hour lines are metal came
Mottos or Inscriptions: apparently none
Condition: unknown
Comments: Unusual traditional horizontal sundial and pedestal are all made from stained glass. It is unknown if it was designed specifically for a certain latitude and longitude and is an accurate sundial or if it is a non-functional ornamental sundial. It’s wired with electric lights for internal illumination of the glass at night.
Martin Young’s Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is copied from website above.

Dial 201
The Golden Wedding Dial
Co-designer and Delineator: BSS member John Wall from Kirkbymoorside, North Yorkshire
Co-designer and Glass Engraver: David Gulland, glass artisan from Dumfries
Date: August 7th, 2004
Original Location: Lat: 54° 16' N; Lon: 0° 56' W. At John Wall's Home, Kirkbymoorside, North Yorkshire.
Present Location: in original location.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines by an unknown amount towards the southeast.
Size: 42.3 x 102.9 cm (16.25 x 40.5 in)
Adornment: The initials of Mr. Wall and his wife Betty are copied from their iron gate. The Equation of Time, equinox and solstice lines are included. There are four symbolic flowers at the corners: Wallflower, Morning Glory, Evening Primrose and Globe flower representing the earth spinning on its axis. The latitude and longitude are engraved.
Mottos: “LUX ET AMOR QUEMQUE DIEM REGUNT AB ORIENTE SOLE AD SOLIS OCCASUM” (Light and Love Rule Each Day from Sunrise to Sunset)
Condition: excellent
Comments: Dial commemorates the Golden Anniversary of the Walls. An aperture gnomon is located on the original outer pane of glass and shines a spot of sunlight onto the inner pane that has the engravings.
Article by John Wall (3.5 MB): (2004) Sundial for a Golden Wedding "The BSS Bulletin" No. 16 (IV) pgs. 160-162
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of John Wall (2005).

Dial 202
The Grantchester Church Dial Depiction
Designer and Glazier: unknown
Date: Probably 1877 because in the book, County Churches of Cambridge, it says: "S aisle erected 1877".
Original Location: Lat: 52° N; in the south aisle, in the window nearest to chancel, Church of Sts. Mary & Andrew in Grantchester Cambridgeshire, England.
Present Location: at original location.
Orientation: The window faces south. The sundial depiction is of a south wall vertical dial.
Size: Window: unknown; Sundial plate: about 30 cm (11.8 in)
Adornment: In center window, the prophet Isaiah holds a vertical sundial that is a depiction, not a real sundial. On the left window is Elijah holding a picture of a Roman chariot, and on the right window is Jeremiah holding up a broken ball.
Mottos: "To the glory of God and in loving memory of Thomas Howard died 1843 aged 62, Ellen Howard died 1871 aged 65, William Page Howard died 1862 aged 19".
Condition: excellent
Comments: The following information is courtesy of Mike Cowham. “This is a well executed sundial depiction, not a real working sundial. An ornate gnomon casts a shadow at about 2:10 pm. Note the uncommon use of hour numerals that are lower case Roman Numerals, and that "j" replaces some of the "i"s. (vj, vji, vjii, ix, x, xi, xii, i, ii, iii, iiii, v, vi). In the unpublished manuscript copy of 'Cambridgeshire Antiquities' by Charles Lingard Bell, written about 1883, he mentions the window and gives the dates. And his layout drawing of the church with this window marked by an arrow. Grantchester was made famous by the poet Rupert Brooke”.
Grantchester Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Mike Cowham. Photos ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, and ‘d’ were taken by him in Feb, 2005. Photo ‘e’ is Bell’s Grantchester Church Plan. Photo ‘f’ is an extract from Bell’s Antiquities of Cambridgeshire.

Dial 203
The Horniman Museum Dial
Designer, Glass Painter & Etcher, Glazier: Roselyn Loftin
Delineator: David Young
Date: 1993
Original Location: Lat: 51.5° N; Lon: 0° W. High up in the south glass wall of the Victorian conservatory in the Horniman Museum in South London, England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 3° W. of south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: Objects representing departments in the museum are in the blue border. The leaves green pane represents the garden. A fly is with the letter "H", the Horniman logo. The initials of the glazier ("RL") appear. White hour lines radiate from a shining sun
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is the first stained glass sundial made for London in 200 years! It was constructed as part of the museum's sundial garden. It appears the designs were etched on clear glass, then painted, and fired so we could have classified this as an etched glass sundial. Wide 1/4" rod gnomon has a single curved support stay, and in the left photo above, it casts a shadow at 11:45 am. The shadow is not very distinct over the clear glass sections and the gnomon isn't long enough to cast a shadow onto the etched glass at the bottom of the green pane where the numbers are.
Horniman Museum Website: Here
The Horniman Museum Sundial Trail Website: Here
David Young’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Mike Cowham taken Feb 2005. Photo ‘g’ is of the Conservatory Interior. Photo ‘h’ is the Information Sheet. Photo ‘i’ is the Information Plaque.

Dial 204
The Bernkastel-Kues Dial
Makers: according to the latin inscription on the bronze information plaque: "B. Franz me invenit et fecit, W. Seippel me pinxit, H. Gestrich me effecit, Kultur för derverein me solvit.” (B. Franz designed and made me, W. Seippel painted me, H. Gestrich produced me, Kultur Association paid for me.)
Date: Late 1900s
Original Location: Lat: 49° 5' W; Lon: 7° 30' E. Made for a bridge at Bernkastel-Kues (River Moselle) in Germany.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: unknown
Size: circle diameter- 3 m (118 in~ 9.8 ft). This is the largest Franz/Schouler dial known.
Adornment: Unique gold numbering font. A painting of Cusanus.
Inscriptions: The words: "Bernkastel-Rues" are at the top.
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Photos and Information: Courtesy of Peter Kunuth-taken in March, 2005.
Comments: Informatioin is courtesy of Peter Kunuth. This is the largest and only known public Franz/Schouler sundial. It has two gnomons, one on the North side, and one on the South side (the one you see in photos). The letters are from polyvinyl decals and are cut with Peter Kunath's Roland STX-7.
Bernkastel-Kues Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ to ‘e’ are courtesy of Peter Kunuth.- Taken March, 2005. Photo ‘e’ is of the information plaque. Photo ‘f’ is a map of dial’s location.

Dial 205
The Sun and Galleon Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown
Date: unknown. Probably early 2000's
Original Location: Lat: 38° 51' N, Lon: 0° 27' E. on south wall of unknown building on Calle Sant Josep in Otos Valencia Spain
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: a Spanish galleon, a sun, sky and clouds, roman numerals
Mottos: none
Condition: Excellent
Comments: We are looking for a better photograph and more information on this dial.
Map of Valencia Website: Here
Otos Sundial Village Website: Here
Gnomonica Meeting Photos (1.4 MB): Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is copied from pg. 20 of Gnomonica Meeting Photos (see link above). Photo ‘b’ is from a Chinese website of unknown URL.

Dial 206
The Falcone Wall Dial
Designer & Maker: Valentino Falcone
Date: installed March 7th 2005
Original Location: Lat: 47° 44 12'' N; Lon: 7° 16' 36'' E. On southern wall of Mr. Falcone's home at 18 Rue du 21 Novembre, 68790 Morschwiller Le Bas, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 5° east of south
Size: length- 112 cm (44 in), height- 106 cm (41.7 in), weight- 96 kg (211 lbs). There are between 15,000 and 20,000 porcelain tiles.
Adornment: signs of the zodiac, sun in center, 7 solar declination date lines
Inscriptions: Latitude, longitude, wall declination, the words: "Falcone V", and the date
Mottos: "Horas Ne Numerem Nisi Serenas" ("I count no hours except tranquil [ones]") in a white ribbon.
Condition: Excellent
Comments: One of the finest examples of a mosaic wall sundial.
Nicola Severino Website: Here
Rosetonline Website: Here
Valentino Falcone Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Valentino Falcone.

Dial 207
A Peter Scherffig Noon Dial
Designer & Fabricator: Peter Scherffig of Erlangen Germany. (deceased)
Glass Sandblasting: by unknown local sandblasting company
Date: January, 2005
Original Location: Lat: 49° 35.5' N, Lon: 11° 0.5' E. At Mr. Scherffig's home in Erlangen, Germany
Present Location: at original location.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: 30 x 21cm (11.8 x 8.3 in)
Adornment: Analemma for time-correction. M indicates high noon at local time.
Inscriptions: Uhr - Glas - Uhr, transparenter vertikaler Mittagsweiser, Nr. 2005 / G1
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: Mounted on a free-standing stand set outside the building. Sandblasted Glass Face. A Standard Time Noon Dial that also tells the date. Time zone at 15 ° E. (MEZ). Hole - gnomon at 12 cm (4.7 in) distance. Nr. 2005 / G1.
Contact: Peter Scherffig, Stettiner Str. 22, D - 91058 Erlangen, Germany
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Peter Scherffig. Photo ‘b’ is plastic prototype.

Dial 208
The Anaximander Dial Depiction
Designer & Maker: unknown, anonymous
Date: 3rd. century BC
Original Location: mosaic on a floor, Greece
Present Location: Rhineland Museum, Trier, Germany
Orientation: unknown
Size: unknown
Adornment: The mosaic shows an old man with a solar clock, generally recognized as Anaximander of Miletus in Asia Minor (c. 610-546 BC).
Mottos: none
Condition: good
Comments: This is a depiction of a sundial and is not a working sundial. The historians believe that the philosopher Anaximander found for the first time the equinoxes, the solstices and that the Earth is perfectly in the center of the celestial sphere. It also introduced the gnomon. He wrote "Around the nature", "The earth's turn", "About the fixed stars", "The sphere" and other works. A moon crater bears his name.
Article by Galanakis: (2010) The Construction of an Equatorial Sundial with a Reference to Anaximander's Skiatheron. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 22(iv), December. 22-25
Hans Arnfed Astel Website: Here
Mario Arnaldi Website: Here
Mario Arnaldi Website (English Translation): Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is from The Hans Arnfed website. Photo ‘b’ is courtesy of Mario Arnaldi and is from his website.

Dial 209
The Sidereus Wooden Dial
Designer & Maker: Vito Lecci
Date: 2002
Original Location: Lat 39° 51 N; Lon 18° 18' E. In the Astronomical Observatory “Sidereus” in the little town of Salve, near Lecce in southern Italy.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal.
Size: 60 x 60 cm (23.6 in) The 4000 mosaic pieces are each about 9 mm square.
Adornment: has date lines, the Equation of Time, motto
Mottos: "Sol omnibus lucet" (The sun shines for all)
Condition: excellent in 2005
Comments: Although this handsome mosaic is made from wood, we are including it because it is so similar to ceramic and glass mosaics and because it’s just so nice! It features walnut houlines, mahogany diurnal lines, and a rosewood gnomon. The bottom is pine. It's probably used as interior decoration since the wood will not hold up well outside. We are looking for better photographs and more information on this piece.
Sidereus Website: Here
Sidereus’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Siderous website.

Dial 210
The Alrakis Stone Dial
Designer & Maker: Alrakis, a scientific instrument company in Italy.
Date: delivered in 2002
Original Location: Lat: 40° 21' N, Lon: 18° 10' E. At the Istituto di Istruzione Secondaria Superiore "L.G.M. Columella" - Lecce Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: horizontal.
Size: 5 x 4 m (196 x 157 in)
Adornment: Hourlines are white carrara marble. Green quartzite makes the Solstice and Equinox lines.
Mottos: none visible
Condition: probably excellent
Comments: Shows the dates and time. We are looking for more information on this dial.
Alrakis Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo copied from the Alrakis website.

Dial 211
The Blue Garden Dial
Designer & Maker: A French lady named Hurfane made it. We don't know the dialist who delineated it.
Date: unknown, but the sundial was probably made in the late 20th Century.
Original Location: Lat: 48° 19' N, Lon: 1° 6 E. In The Blue Garden at Les Jardins de la Feuilleraie (The Mosaic Gardens) of Happonvilliers, near Chartres, France.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declination is unknown, but it’s not south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: The traveler represents time, passing irretrievably from future to past. A nearby compass rose confirms that the dial doesn't face due south - its angles had to be modified to allow for this. At its base six panels show different constellations of the night sky."
Mottos: present, but not readable in this photo
Condition: probably good
Comments: Information is from website below. For the past 20 years, Hurfane has been creating a vast mosaic landscape deep in the rolling countryside of the French region of Perche d'Eure et Loir. Her work falls into two main gardens: the pink and the blue gardens. The focus of the blue garden is the sundial." They are open during summer, in the afternoons of Saturdays, Sundays and Tuesdays, and possibly by appointment. It would be a good idea to check with local tourist information offices.
The Joy of Shards Website: Here
Feuilleraie Email: Here
Hurfane's Tel: 02 37 29 59 20
Photo Descriptions: Photos copied from Joy of Shards website.

Dial 212
The Tomljanovich Dial
Designer & Maker: Marco Tomljanovich
Date: 2004
Original Location: Lat: 41° 19' N; Lon: 13° 01' E. on unknown building in Sabaudia, Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 23° 48' east of south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: seven zodiacal date lines, hourly analemmas for Standard Time readings. A yellow sun at dial center. Roman Numerals.
Mottos: "pian pian, che se no 'l fem ancoi, el finirem doman" (Take your time (and do it well), because what will be unfinished today will be completed tomorrow)
Inscriptions: "Latit. 41°19' N, Longit. 13° 01' E, Azimut 23° 48' E, ANNO MMIV"
Condition: probably good
Comments: Sundial is painted on tiles and has a rod gnomon.
Shadows Pro Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is copied from website above.

Dial 213
The Institute of Surveyors Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown
Date: probably 2000
Original Location: Lat: 35° 15' S; Lon: 174° 7' E. In the Thousand Islands region at a beautiful location on Maiki Hill, Russell (Kororareka), Bay of Islands, New Zealand.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown exactly, but very large. The gnomon is about 6 feet tall.
Adornment: unknown. The design is not clearly visible in these photos, but it looks like a map is depicted on the dial face.
Mottos: unknown
Inscriptions: unknown
Condition: Looks like some of the mosaic tiles might be missing, but it’s difficult to tell for sure from these photos.
Comments: This is the centennial sundial for The New Zealand Institute of Surveyors. We are looking for more information and better photos of this nice dial.
Russell Website: Here
Survey and Planning Website: Here
Bill Hetzel’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ and ‘b’ are © Kim Kavin from Power and Motoryacht website (page not available anymore). Photo ‘a’ shows Yacht Charter broker Barbara Stork examining it in Russell in publicity photos. Photo ‘c’ is courtesy of Bill Hetzel who sent it to us in 2008.

Dial 214
The Innsbruck Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown
Date: 1986
Original Location: Lat: 47° 16' N; Lon: 11° 23 E. unknown location in Innsbruck Austria
Present Location: probably at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declination unknown.
Size: unknown
Adornment: The sun looks sadly at the city of Innsbruck.
Mottos: none
Condition: probably good
Comments: Bizarre and evocative design uses mosaics of different sizes, colors and textures. Schwarzinger wrote: "In 1986 an artist has created a sundial in Innsbruck from mosaic stones. The sun looks sadly at the city of Innsbruck. At this time there was the accident in the nuclear power station in Chernobyl in Ukraine". We are seeking more information on this dial.
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Gianni Ferrari and Karl Schwarzinger. Gianni Ferrari forwarded us this photo that Karl Schwarzinger (Austria) sent to him in 2005.

Dial 215
The Salton Dial
Designer: Adriana Florin and Júlio Posenato, architect, for a Brazilian wine company.
Makers: Cinthia Moran Andrea, Fabiano Petozzi and Leonardo Posenato and many assistants.
Delineator: Francois Blayteron using Shadows Pro software.
Date: Inaugurated in the presence of the Mayor and press on August 25, 2000 . Next to the building is an antique chapel (Notre-Dame des Douleurs) where the ceremony was held. A chorus sang Handel's Halleluiah.
Original Location: Lat: 29° 5' S; Lon: 51° 33' W. The sundial occupies the central part of the pediment of the main building of Vinhos Salton SA in Salton Brazil
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: on vertical wall. Wall declination unknown.
Size: unknown
Adornment: Below the date, a border made of almond tree branches, with a hummingbird sipping nectar, symbolizes the harmony of nature and the love between creatures. The lateral parts are made of Italian marbles, granites and semi-precious stones, represent leaves, branches, grapes (its a wine company) and animals usually found in vines fields during grapes harvesting: birds (symbolizing music), dragonflies and butterflies - especially a blue butterfly (symbolizing poesy)- and bees (symbolizing work).
Mottos: "AD MM - PAX"(Anno Domini (year of the Lord) MM (for 2000), PAX (peace).)
Condition: excellent in 2005
Comments: Information is from website below Magnificent mosaic sundial made for the 90th anniversary of "Vinhos Salton SA", a wine company located in Salton, Brazil. It's a mixture of the Roman and Venetian styles, and is made of more than half a million pieces of Italian marbles, granites from various origins, special enamels, semi-precious stones and a special type of mosaic gold (a 24-carat slice of gold enclosed in two glass layers); the mosaic contains more than 24 kg of this material! Dial shows Solar Time. It has 15 minute hourlines and declinations lines drawn for the solstices, the equinox and each Zodiac change date. A special line drawn for the 25th of August recalls the inauguration date of "Vinhos Salton SA". It has a solid triangular sheet gnomon.
Pagesperso-orange Website: Here
Júlio Posenato Email: Here
Vinhos Salton SA Tel: 55 54 451.1611
Photo Descriptions: Photos are copied from website above. Photo ‘b’ shows shadow pointing to 3:15 pm on the Equinox. Photo ‘c’ is project sketch.

Dial 216
The Peacock Dial
Designer & Maker: Matz Lamdan, Israeli mosaic artist.
Delineator: unknown
Date: unknown. probably early 2000's.
Original Location: Lat: 31.7° N; Lon: 35.3° E. In The Biblical Zoo in Jerusalem, Israel.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown, but looks to be "coffee table" size.
Adornment: a peacock with tail feathers open and raised Roman numerals. The subject of the peacock was chosen for its symbolical guarding of the Garden of Paradise, and for its ability to fan out its feathers to show the sunny hours for the sundial.
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a crude mosaic with oddly sized pieces. Appears to have a perpendicular vertical gnomon. Donated by a woman from San Diego who supports the Zoo's educational facilities.
Yonina's Sculpture Website: Here
Matz Lamdan Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is copied from Yonina's Sculpture Website.

Dial 217
The Britwell Dial
Designer: Rob Turner
Maker: Gary Drostle, accomplished English painter and mosaic artist.
Delineator: Christopher St.J. H. Daniel FSA
Date: 2002
Original Location: Lat: 51.5° N; Lon: 0.6° W. Monksfield Park, Britwell in Slough, close to West London England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown, but large
Adornment: the theme is of time, locality and the stars
Mottos: unknown
Condition: Excellent in these photos taken in 2005. But dial has some graffiti, is soiled by bird droppings, and needs cleaning.
Comments: Information is from website below. Slough Borough Council’s Parks and Allotments Section commissioned public art for the park. The aim was to enhance the park through a project that would involve local people in the regeneration of the area. This offered people the opportunity to work with professional artists and to learn new skills as well as provide a focal point for the park. The dial was designed following workshops that Gary and Rob ran with the local school, youth centre and play centre. The young people worked on the theme of time, locality and the stars. The sundial also acts as a bench on its raised platform. There are two dials (L.A.T.) one for the summer and one for the winter. The mosaic was constructed from vitreous glass and ceramic tesserae with a powder coated steel gnomon in the centre.
Drostle Website Website: Here
Slough Website: Here
Gary Drostle’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of John Foad.

Dial 218
The Kfar Masaryk Dial
Designer: unknown
Maker: unknown
Delineator: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: Lat: 32.9° N; Lon: 35.1° E. on the lawn next to the dininghall entrance, near a pedestrian pass way (about 50 meters, or so, from the dining hall building) in a Kibbutz - "Kfar Masaryk", just south of Akko, Israel.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown, but large.
Adornment: unknown. Not clear in this photo.
Mottos: unknown
Inscriptions: has inscription that means: "50th (anniversary) of Kfar Massarik".
Condition: unknown
Comments: Information is from website below. This is a beautiful colorful mosaic sundial with thin triangular sheet gnomon. We are looking for better photos of this dial.
The Israel sundial trail Website: Here
Kfar Masaryk Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is copied from website above. Photo ‘b is map of Kfar Masaryk.

Dial 219
The Burnham Dial
Designer and Maker: unknown
Delineator: unknown
Date: unknown, probably 1990s or early 2000s
Original Location: Lat: 51° 32' N, Lon: 0° 39' W; unknown place in Burnham England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: about 1.5 m (5 ft) square
Adornment: A tree without leaves in the centre of a 12-point flaming sun, the four cardinal points labelled N, S, E, W. Around the W, N and E sides the hour numerals (Arabic), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Note that the dial is laid in a path that runs a few degrees west of north, and the compass points and hour numerals are correctly aligned to true north, hence not central in the design.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: on the S of the W side "GMT". On the S of the E side "FOR BST ADD I HR". Along the S side "I [?] WAS COMMISSIONED BY / BURNHAM PARISH COUNCIL / TO CELEBRATE THE MILLENNIUM"
Condition: very good
Comments: brick, ceramic tile and cobblestone mosaic dial. It is a rather strange design since it uses pebbles and has no gnomon. Presumably you are supposed to use a walking stick for the gnomon! But it looks as if it is properly, if approximately, delineated. We are seeking more information on this dial.
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of John Foad (taken in 2005). Photo ‘b’ is map of Burnham.

Dial 220
The Wheaton-Smith Oval Dial
Designer, Glazier, Delineator: Simon Wheaton-Smith, member of NASS and stained glass artist.
Date of manufacture: April 2005
Original Location: Lat: 32° 46’ 52” N, Lon: 108° 16’ 24” W. At 6th and A Street, Silver City NM, USA
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: height with stand- 25.4 cm (10 in), size of sundial- 17.8 cm (7 in)
Adornment: sunface at dial center, fly
Mottos: "May Sunshine Fill Your Hours"
Condition: excellent
Comments: ellipse shape table-top model on ornate stand.
Illustrating Shadows Website: Here
Simon Wheaton-Smith’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Simon Wheaton-Smith.

Dial 221
The Wheaton-Smith Harp Dial
Designer, Glazier, Delineator: Simon Wheaton-Smith, member of NASS and stained glass artist.
Date of manufacture: April 2005
Original Location: Lat: 32° 46’ 52” N, Lon: 108° 16’ 24” W. At 6th and A Street, Silver City NM, USA
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 90° west of south.
Size: 30.5 cm (12 in), size of sundial- 22.9 cm (9 in)
Adornment: sunface at dial center, fly
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: a harp-shape table-top model on ornate stand
Illustrating Shadows Website: Here
Simon Wheaton-Smith’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Simon Wheaton-Smith.

Dial 222
The Italian Scherffig Noon Dial
Designer & Fabricator: Peter Scherffig of Erlangen Germany. (deceased)
Glass Sandblasting: by unknown local sandblasting company
Date: March, 2005
Original Location: Lat: 44° 49' N, Lon: 7° 6' E. In unknown building in Serre dei Campi di Bobbio Pellice (TO), Italy
Present Location: at original location.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south
Size: 40 x 30 cm (15.7 x 11.8 in)
Adornment: Coordinates of location and analemma for time-correction. M indicates high noon at local time.
Inscriptions: Uhr - Glas - Uhr, transparenter vertikaler Mittagsweiser, Nr. 2005 / G1
Mottos: “LUX MIDI FLUX” (trans?)
Condition: excellent
Comments: Mounted at an angle on window casement outside the building. Sandblasted glass face. A Standard Time Noon Dial that also tells the date. Time zone of mount Etna (Sicily) at 15 ° E. (TMEC). Gnomon hole is 12cm from face.
Contact: Peter Scherffig, Stettiner Str. 22, D - 91058 Erlangen, Germany
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Peter Scherffig.

Dial 223
The St Michaels Dial
Glazier and Glass Painter: Carol Arnold
Delineator: David Brown (England)
Date of installation: May 2005
Original Location: Lat: 51° 25’ 20” N, Lon: 2° 42’ 44” W. At Carol Arnold's home in St Michaels Cottage, Post Office Lane, Flax Bourton, Bristol England.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declination is unknown.
Size: unknown
Adornment: bird on branch looks at fly, winged hourglass, ornamental cartouche
Mottos: "DUM SPECTAS FUGIO" (I Fly while you Watch)
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is a prototype that served as practice for making the replacement dial for the famous missing Nailsea Court Dial (See our webpage of the 17th Century/ Dial 30). Carol Arnold calls her prototype "The St Michael's Sundial" after the name of her house. She turned the bird around and altered the branch a bit just for the sake of doing it slightly differently. The glass was etched, painted, enameled, and silver stained in several stages, with successive kiln firings. The white area is acid etched. She didn’t think it cast a very clear shadow, so for the actual replacement dial she used white enamel instead. The hour lines were calculated for the latitude, longitude, and declination of the window where it is installed. It has a brass gnomon with two support stays. On this webpage listed as Dial 367, see photos and descriptions of the replacement reproduction dial now installed at Nailsea Court.
Carol Arnold Website: Here
Carol Arnold’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Carol Arnold.

Dial 224
The Eye Dial
Designer and Maker: Daniela Caravita at Mos Art studios in Ravenna Italy
Date: 2004
Original Location: lat: 44° 25' N, lon: 12° 12' E. On wall. Made for a private house in Ravenna, northern Italy.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 22°45" west of south.
Size: 92 x 98 cm (36.2 x 38.6 in)
Adornment: Gnomon protrudes from the iris of a human eye. Has Solstice and Equinox lines. The bottom of the eye is the curved part of the winter Solstice line. In lower left appears: “0.22'.45” indicating the declination to the west of south
Mottos: "SOLIS ET ARTI OPUS" (A Work of Sun and Art)
Condition: good
Comments: Information was copied in 2005 from website below. Dial is made from stones and marbles in traditional ancient Roman and Ravenna Byzantine Mosaics. We are looking for better photos and more information on this dial.
Mos Art Website: Here
Mos Art Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are copied in 2005 from website above.

Dial 225
The Colorado College Dial
Designer: unknown
Maker: unknown
Delineator: unknown
Date: 1907
Original Location: Lat: 38° 50’ 07” N, Lon: 104° 49’18” W. Built into the wall of the 1907 Van Briggle Pottery building at Colorado College in Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declination unknown
Size: approximately one meter square
Adornment: ceramic tiles with signs of the Zodiac surround the hour lines and Roman numerals
Mottos: “TEMPUS FUGIT” (Time Flies)
Inscriptions: none
Condition: unknown. It was fine in 1994
Comments: Information is from The Nass Sundial Registry. This is also Dial #499 in the NASS registry. In 1994 Colorado College repaired the gnomon and added a metal equation of time plate. We are looking for better photos and more information on this dial.
Colorado College Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are from The Nass Sundial Registry.

Dials 226 227 228 229 240 241 242
The Auvray Ceramic Dials
(more information below)
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Dial 227:
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Dial 230
The Elmdon Church Dial Replica
Designer: John Oliver probably designed the original dial
Glazier: Grace Wallis of Glass 'n Art, Mistley, Essex England
Delineator and Gnomon design: BSS member, Dr J Davis of Flowton Dials
Date of manufacture: April 2005
Original Location: Lat: 51:56:26° N, Lon: 1:04:48° E. At Grace Wallis's shop in Mistley, Essex England at unknown address.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 5° west of south.
Size: approximately 45.0 x 30 cm (17.7 x 11.8 in)
Adornment: Wings and hourglass, scrollwork with motto.
Mottos or Inscriptions: “Sic Vita” (Such is Life), “Nulla Dies Sine Linea” (No Day without a Line)
Condition: excellent
Comments: Information is courtesy of John Davis. This is a reproduction of the 17th Century Elmdon Church dial (Dial 56 in our Image Archive). It will be used as a display piece in Grace's shop. It was made using handmade glass and traditional techniques, including mounting the rod gnomon directly on the glass.
Flowton Dials Website: Here
John Davis’ s Email: Here
Grace Wallis’s Email: Here
Grace Wallis Contact Information: Grace Wallis Glass 'N' Art, Mistley Quay Gallery Workshops, Mistley, Manningtree, Essex CO11 1HB UK. Tel: 01206 391 282
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of John Davis.

Dial 231
The Castiglione dei Peoli Dial
Designer, Painter, Delineator: Ugo Beccheroni
Date: 1995
Original Location: at the Comune di Castiglione dei Pepoli, Capoluogo – Albergo Pellicciari (Pellicciari Hotel), Italy Lat: 44° .9' N; Lon: 11° 10' E.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 23° 24’ west of south
Size: 160 x 130 cm (63 x 51 in)
Adornment: a beautiful art-deco style painting of a woman in flowing robe. Sundial depicted on rolled parchment. Has labeled solstice & Equinox lines.
Mottos: "Che le Vostre Ore Siano Sempre Felici" (May Your Hours Always Be Happy)
Inscriptions: at top: "MCMXCV" (1995), signed by Ugo Beccheroni
Condition: good
Comments: Sundial is painted on ceramic tiles and has a rod gnomon with arrow that casts an easy-to-read shadow.
Galleria Gnomonica Website: Here
Ugo Beccheroni’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Mr. Beccheroni (taken in 2005).

Dial 232
The Saint Agostino Dial
Designer, Painter, Delineator: Ugo Beccheroni
Date: 2000
Original Location: Lat: 44° 27' 47" N, Lon: 11° 22' 49" E. At Mr. Beccheroni's church, Ponticella di San Lazzaro di Savena in Bologna Italy.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: on vertical wall. Declines 1° 40' east of south
Size: 120 x 150 cm (47 x 59 in)
Adornment: Classical depiction of mother and child painted in brick red to match the wall color. Dial has labeled solstice & equinox lines and the Equation of Time graph
Mottos: “TEMPORA TEMPORE TEMPERA” (OPPORTUNELY, IT TAKES ADVANTAGE OF THE TIMES)
Inscriptions: signed and dated
Condition: good
Comments: Beccheroni painted the ceramic tiles at his home. Sundial has rod gnomon with a ball nodus.
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Mr. Beccheroni (taken in 2005).

Dial 233
The Donna Dial
Designer, Painter, Delineator: Ugo Beccheroni
Date: 1993
Original Location: Lat: 44° 27' N, Lon: 11° 22' E. At Mr. Beccheroni's home, San Lazzaro di Savena, Bologna Italy.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 15° 36' west of south.
Size: 100 x 90 cm (39.3 x 35 in)
Adornment: Art deco depiction of seated woman in flowing robes. Dial face appears as a parchment and has labeled solstice & equinox lines and the Equation of Time graph. A red chile hangs on the left.
Mottos: “AB UMBRA LUMEN” (From Shadow, Light)
Inscriptions: signed and dated
Condition: good
Comments: Beccheroni painted the ceramic tiles at his home. Sundial has a triangular sheet gnomon.
Ugo Beccheroni’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Mr. Beccheroni (taken in 2005).

Dial 234
The Koehl Peacock Dial
Delineator: unknown
Glass Artisan: Mary Koehl
Date: unknown, late 1900s or early 2000s
Original Location: On pedestal at unknown location in the USA.
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: stained glass mosaic of a peacock. The body is the gnomon. The bird's tail feathers are on the face.
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: It's unknown if the Koel's sundials are properly delineated for specific locations and if they are accurate. We cannot locate Mary Koehl. We are looking for better photos and more information about her sundials. She wrote a booklet called: "Mosaic Sundials by Mary Koehl" that is for sale.
Inland Craft Website: Here
YGlass Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied in 2005 from Inland Craft website.

Dials 235 236 237 238 239
The Oberti Geometric Dials
Delineator: Daniel Oberti
Glass Artisan: Daniel Oberti, accomplished ceramic artist from California.
Date: unknown, late 1900s or early 2000s
Original Location: On pedestals at unknown location in the USA.
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: ceramic geometric forms lie on dial face. The gnomons are paintbrushes. The faces are bowl-shaped as seen from the sides.
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: We are looking for better photos and more information about these sundials.
Daniel Oberti Website: Here
Daniel Oberti’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos were copied in 2005 from website above.
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Dial 236:
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Dials 243 244 245 246 247 248
The Auvray Ceramic Dials
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Dials 249 250 251 252 253 254
The Auvray Ceramic Dials
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Dials 255 256 257 258 259
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Dials 260 261 262 263 264
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Dials 265 266 267 268 269
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Dials 270 271 282 283 284
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Dials 272 273 274 275 276 277
The Leinhard Ceramic Dials
Designers & Makers: Francois and Marie Lienhard
Delineator: unknown
Date: unknown. Probably early 2000's
Original Location: unknown. probably somewhere in France.
Present Location: unknown. probably at original locations
Orientation: Vertical. All dials decline from south by unknown amounts
Size: unknown
Adornment: dials have colorful attractive stylized depictions of pastoral scenes painted on single ceramic tiles.
Mottos: some are present
Condition: unknown
Comments: Very nice dials! Information is taken from website below in 2005. All dials have brass rod gnomons. We are looking for better photographs and more information on these dials.
Francois Lienhard Website: Here
Francois Lienhard’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos were copied from website below in 2005
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Dial 278
The Llombai Dial
Delineator and Ceramic Artisan: José Luis Mazcuñán, from Llombai, in Valencia Spain
Date: unknown, probably early 2000s
Original Location: On wall of unknown building in Llombai Valencia Spain.
Present Location: probably at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines east of south by unknown amount.
Size: unknown
Adornment: twelve square white ceramic tiles. Painted at the bottom are coats of arms from the towns of Motilla del Palancar and Campillo de Altobuey, both belonging to the province of Cuenca and Llombai in Valencia. Face has a blue compass rosette. The gnomon is a brass triangular sheet. Dial has solstice and equinox lines.
Mottos: "Tempus Fugit" (Time Flies)
Condition: unknown
Comments: We are looking for better photos and more information about this sundial.
Reloj Andalusi Website: Here
Shadows Pro Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos were copied in 2005 from shadowspro.com website

Dial 279
The School of Gertwiller Dial
Delineator: unknown. But we know the designer used Shadowspro
Ceramic Artisan: the teacher and pupils at Gertwiller School Gertwiller France
Date: unknown, probably early 2000s
Original Location: Lat: 48° 24 N (48.41° N), Lon: 7° 28 E (7.47° N) On wall of unknown building at the Gertwiller School in Gertwiller France
Present Location: probably at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Unknown if dial declines from south.
Size: unknown but fairly large
Adornment: blue tiles with painted signs of the zodiac and heavenly bodies
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: Has an aperture nodus on a metal star-shaped disk. We are looking for a better photo and more information about this sundial
Shadows Pro Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos were copied in 2005 from shadowspro.com website.

Dial 280
The School Children's Dial
Delineator: unknown. But we know the designer used Shadowspro.
Ceramic Artisan: Each tile was painted by different pupils at an unknown school in Banyuls-sur-Mer, France
Date: unknown
Original Location: On wall of unknown building at an unknown school in Banyuls-sur-Mer, France.
Present Location: probably at original location
Orientation: vertical. Declines towards the east
Size: unknown
Adornment: hand painted tiles of the sun
Mottos: "Le Soleil c'est la Vie" (the Sun is Life)
Condition: unknown
Comments: Has a triangular sheet gnomon. We are looking for a better photo and more information about this sundial.
Shadows Pro Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos were copied in 2005 from shadowspro.com website.

Dial 281
The Pampana Dial
Delineator and Ceramic Artisan: The Shadowpro website says that Mario Pampana made it, but we don't know if he is both the artisan and the delineator.
Date: unknown
Original Location: On wall of unknown building in unknown place in Italy.
Present Location: probably at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines towards the west
Size: unknown
Adornment: hand painted tiles with two-colored grape leaves and grapes. A bird is at the top center. Has a triangular sheet gnomon, the zodiacal date lines, Roman numerals.
Mottos: "Chiara e l'oraca del sol, che pur con l'ombra segno" (trans?)
Inscriptions: present in top, but unreadable in this photo
Condition: unknown
Comments: We are looking for a better photo and more information about this sundial.
Shadows Pro Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos were copied in 2005 from shadowspro.com website.

Dials 285 286 287 288 289 290
The Auvray Ceramic Dials
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Dial 286:
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Dials 291 292 293 294 295
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Dials 296 297 298 309 310 400
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Designer and Ceramic Painter:
Joseph Auvray
Ceramic Studio: Atelier Acacia workshop at Mont Dauphin, Haute Alpes, France
Dates: All these dials were made between 1990 and 2005. Most have the dates inscribed on them. Some dates are not readable in these photos.
Original Location: at various locations in France
Present Location: probably at original locations
Orientation: Most are vertical south dials. Some decline. Some are horizontal.
Size: The larger dials, some over a meter in height and width, are made up of smaller pieces as the size is limited by firing ovens and thermal expansion problems
Adornment: Ceramic tiles were made using the silk-screening technique. Dials are notable for their colorful, clean and easy to read designs with attractive artwork and borders on different shaped faces.
Inscriptions: Most are signed and dated and have various phrases and inscriptions. Atelier Acacia’s maker’s mark appears on all their dials.
Mottos: various
Condition: unknown
Comments: Information is courtesy of Mr. Auvray, the website below and from comments by Roger Bailey. These are high-quality ceramic dials. Some are reproductions of other dials in the area. Auvray's products range from small series dials with silk screened patterns to large custom pieces for specific locations and wall declinations. He uses slabs of lava rock rather than clay tablets or metal as the base material. This rock is more stable during the firing of the glaze and pigments. There are many examples of his work proudly displayed by his customers through the French Alpes. Dial 227's photo shows Joseph Auvray explaining the dial outside Atelier Acacia. The design of the dial is appropriate for the location within the massive walls of Mont Dauphin, the Vauban fortress built by King Louis XIV, the Sun King. Note the motto "Sol Rex Regnum", the Dauphin crest, and the 25 August declination line for Saint Louis of France, King and confessor. We are looking for better photos of Dials 259, 265, 266, 267 and Dials 287-297.
Acacia Workshop Brochure (PDF 1.4 MB): Here
Alpages Website (rough English translation): Here
Acacia Workshop Examples Pages Website (rough English Translation): Here
Acacia Workshop Website: Here
Joseph Auvray’s Email: Here

Dial 299
The Birds and Cat Dial
Designer, Glazier, Delineator: Simon Wheaton-Smith, member of NASS and stained glass artist.
Date of manufacture: August 2005
Original Location: Manufactured in Silver City New Mexico for installation at Lat: 33° N, Lon: 112° W. at 12th St and Osborn, in Phoenix Arizona, USA
Present Location: at original design location in Phoenix
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 90° west of south.
Size: 23 x 36 cm (9 x 14 in)
Adornment: Window Hanging Panel is made from stained and painted cathedral glass and English muffle using 13th and 14th century techniques. According to Mr. Wheaton-Smith the theme depicts "The eternal loop of birds and cats" with two hummingbirds in separate panes at the top and a cat in a pane in the lower right. Blacks and browns were tracing black and bistre fired at 750° c. Yellow stain is silver stain fired at 1250° f. Blue and Green in the birds were modern pigments. Frosting was by sandblasting silicon carbide grit at 40 psi.
Mottos: On a separate pendant (not shown) "May sunshine fill your hours"
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is a hanging sundial and is the only known stained glass sundial made with copper came. The sundial has a metal gnomon with a notch nodus that shows Italian hours (number of hours until sunset).
Illustrating Shadows Website: Here
Simon Wheaton-Smith’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Simon Wheaton-Smith.

Dial 300
The Poppy Dial
Designer, Delineator and Glass Artisan: Gay Ogg, accomplished English painter and photographer who makes occasional stained glass pieces.
Date: unknown exactly, probably 1980's
Original Location: Lat: 51.35°, lon: unknown. Somewhere in England
Present Location: unknown. probably at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 18°66' west of south.
Size: diameter- 37cm (14.6 in)
Adornment: Flowers are scattered in and around a diamond shape dial face with Roman Numerals
Mottos: none
Condition: very good
Comments: Mrs. Ogg taught herself how to design her sundials from reading about them in a book. (see letter below). She made this dial for a double glazed window using antique red flashed glass, acid etching (hydrofluoric acid), painting and silver staining- traditional methods taught to her by Lawrence Lee. She measured the declination using a shadow cast from a plumb line and a computer program written by her 14 year old son, and she calculated the gnomon size to allow for the thickness of the two layers of glass and the space between them.
Stuart Ogg Art Website: Here
V.G. Ogg’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Gay Ogg (2005).

Dial 301
The Flowton Priory Dial
Designer & Glass Artisan: Jude Tarrant AMGP at Sunrise Stained Glass
Delineator: unknown
Date: fitted in 2000
Original Location: In the hallway landing of the fine old privately owned manor house in Flowton, Hertfordshire England, which was a priory in Elizabethan times. It appears between two companion windows of a Tudor Rose (the red and white rose combining the two houses of York and Lancaster, also called the 'Union Rose).
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Appears to be a vertical dial on a south wall.
Size: unknown
Adornment: All widows are set on background quarries of antique clear glass painted and silver stained with images and symbols dating from the 16th Century and before. On the blue dial face is a sunburst, bird feathers and the phrases 'Sum Vera Lux' (I am the True Light) and 'Tempus Fugit' (Time Flies) on a ribbon scroll at the bottom. And of course a crude but charming fly can be seen settling on the dial! The wings above and the hour glass all allude to the passage of time.
Condition: excellent
Comments: Information is courtesy of John Tarrant at Sunrise Stained Glass, 2005. The sundial was one of the 18 windows designed and made by Jude Tarrant AMGP to harmonize with the existing historic glass, and to replace those lost in the fire. This is probably a non-functional sundial since the 6am and 6pm hour lines are obviously not in the correct positions. The gnomon probably was never installed since it and a gnomon hole are not visible in the photos. Dial is in the center window in a set of five. It appears between two companion windows of a Tudor Rose (the red and white rose combining the two houses of York and Lancaster, also called the 'Union Rose) and all are set on background quarries of antique clear glass painted and silver stained with images and symbols dating from the 16th Century and before. Many surviving panes of glass and sections of windows survive from this time, although sadly a fire in 1998 destroyed much glass. Other painted panels were created by Thomas Willement, glazier to William IV and Queen Victoria, and all are of heraldic subjects. Photos and information kindly supplied in 2005 by John Tarrant of Sunrise Stained Glass.
Copy of Website Page: Here
Sunrise Stained Glass Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of John Tarrant at Sunrise Stained Glass, 2005.

Dial 302
The Balloon Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artisan: Probably an employee at the Tile Terrific company
Date: unknown, probably early 2000s
Original Location: unknown place in USA
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Since the hour lines are not symmetric, the dial declines a little from south
Size: unknown but fairly large
Adornment: This handsome hand-painted dial has corner tiles with a sunface, a world globe, a moonface, and a compass rose. Decorative painted pink ribbons connect them. Square chapter ring has Roman numerals. An old hydrogen balloon with sails decorates the center of the dial. No signature is visible
Mottos: unknown
Condition: unknown
Comments: The photo was probably taken before the dial was installed because the gnomon is missing. It seems the company Tile Terrific no longer exists since their phone number and email address are not in service anymore. I cannot locate them. We need more photos and information about this dial
Tile Terrific Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are copied in 2005 from Tile Terrific website (still active in Oct 2005)

Dial 303
A CD Refraction Dial
Designer and Maker: Joël Robic
Date: March 2005
Original Location: Bruz Brittany, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: equatorial sundial
Size: 40 cm (15.7 in)
Adornment: Arabic numerals for hours and South indication
Mottos: none
Condition: good
Comments: Information is courtesy of Joël Robic. 2005A CD-ROM functions as an equatorial sundial without a gnomon or shadow. If you look at the gnomon axis you can see the iridescent hour line on the CD that replaces the gnomon shadow
Cadrans Solaires CD Page Website: Here
Cadrans Solaires Website: Here
Joël Robic’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Joël Robic (2005).

Dial 304
A CD Refraction Dial Sculpture
Designer and Maker: Joël Robic
Date: March 2005
Original Location: Bruz Brittany, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. The different CDs' axis are not polar but are oriented on different hour planes
Size: 4 x 2 m (157 x 78.7 in)
Adornment: figures for hours
Mottos: none
Condition: good
Comments: Information is courtesy of Joël Robic. An original sculpture made of 46 CD ROMs moving and shining in the wind. The way to read the time is original too because you need to find which CD ROM makes the right iridescent reflection when you stand in front of them.
Cadrans Solaires Mobile CD Website: Here
Cadrans Solaires Website: Here
Joël Robic’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Joël Robic 2005

Dial 305
The Gulland/Higgs Window Sill Dial
Glass Engraver: David Gulland
Designer and Delineator: By George Higgs (1900 - 1994) at the youthful age of 91
Date: 1990
Original Location: In a southwest declining kitchen window sill in a cottage in Aberllyn, North Wales, Great Britain
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: vertical, declines towards the Southwest by an unknown amount
Size: unknown
Adornment: Etched into the glass is a beautiful landscape scene of the owner's remote mountain cottage with trees in the winter.
Mottos: None
Inscriptions: the Equation of Time, The word: "ABERLLYN", the Date: 1990, and David Gulland's signature
Condition: excellent
Comments: A stand alone table top window of double pane etched glass. The nodus spot is on a rear pane about an inch away from the etched glass in front. It casts its shadow on the etched surface of the front pane. This nodus design was an original concept designed by Higgs. He discovered subsequently that this idea had first been suggested in 17th century France.
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of David Young (2005).
David Young’s Email: Here

Dial 306
The Mud Dial
Delineator: notable Spanish dialist, Joan Olivares
Ceramic Artist: Arcadi Blasco, famous Spanish ceramic artist
Date: unknown
Original Location: Lat: 38° 51' N, Lon: 0° 27' E. On the wall of unknown building in the Plaça del Llaurador in Otos Valencia Spain.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declination is unknown.
Size: unknown
Adornment: Ceramic tiles in relief add an interesting textural component. There's an odd series of bumps on the 2 o'clock hour line.
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: Information is from pg.15 of "Rellotge de Fang" in Spanish. Dial has solstice and equinox grout lines.
"Rellotge de Fang" PDF (1.9 MB): Here
"Rellotge de Fang" Website: Here
Joan Olivares Website: Here
Map of Valencia Website: Here
Universidad de Alicante Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘b’ was sent to us by Joan Olivares. Photo ‘a’ is a cropped version of photo ‘b’. Photo ‘c’ is from pg.15 of "Rellotge de Fang" in Spanish.

Dial 307
The United Dial
Delineator: notable Spanish dialist, Joan Olivares
Ceramic Artist: Elisa Martí
Date: unknown
Original Location: Lat: 38° 51' N, Lon: 0° 27' E. On the wall of unknown building in the Plaza de Llaurador in Otos Valencia Spain.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declination is unknown.
Size: unknown
Adornment: modern design consiting of several ceramic pieces with curving and spiral patterns. There appears to be two information plaques that I can't read in these poor photos, but the one on the right is a moontime correction graph
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: Information is from pg.16 of "Rellotge de Fang" in Spanish and from Mr. Olivares’s website. Dial is called "Unió" (United) in Spanish. It pays homage to Mariano Seguí, “El Gatet d’Otos”, bandoler of the 19th century on the hundredth anniversary of his death.
"Rellotge de Fang" PDF (1.9 MB): Here
"Rellotge de Fang" Website: Here
Joan Olivares Website: Here
Otos Valencia Map Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘b’ was sent to us by Joan Olivares. Photo ‘a’ is a cropped version of photo ‘b’. Other photos are from pg.16 of "Rellotge de Fang" in Spanish.

Dial 308
The Shuttleworth Dial
Designer & Glass Artisan: Alan Shuttleworth
Delineator: unknown
Date: 2005
Original Location: Lon: 50° 68’ N, Lon: 3° 23’ W. In maker's home in Sidmouth, Devon England
Present Location: may be mounted on wall instead of window
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: frame- roughly 43 x 53 cm (17 x 21 in)
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is Mr. Shuttleworth's first stained glass sundial. Dial was displayed at the BSS Newbury Conference in 2005 and is supported on a tall metal stand. The gnomon is attached using the method invented by John Carmichael and first used on the Carmichael Oxford Dial. It is bolted to a brass disk with a hole in it to prevent glass damage. The quarter hours are alternating light and dark colors achieved by etching the stained glass giving the illusion of many pieces of glass. The lighter colored quarter hours are etched and the darker ones are not. Brass hour Roman hour numerals appear on the frame of the gnomon side of the dial. It is unknown if there are also hour numerals on the other side of the dial and if they are painted or are adhesive stencils. The ellipse shape in the design is that which would be used in an analemmatic dial at the same latitude as the window dial itself. For more photos and information see websites and letter links below.
Shuttleworth Website: Here
Shuttleworth's Description of SunDial: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of John Davis. It appeared in "The British Sundial Society Bulletin", vol. 17(iv), Dec. 2005, pg. 169

Dial 311
The Watcher Dial
Designer and Glass Artisan: Brian Albinson, member of the North American Sundial Society
Date: 2005
Original Location: private collection, North Vancouver, Canada, Lat: 49.33° N. Lon: 123.06° W.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines southeast.
Size: 74 x 58 cm (29 x 23 in)
Adornment: Cartoon from Albinas Elskus "The Art of Painting on Glass", using Reusche & Co. Tracing Black # DE 401 fired at 1200F. Lettering done freehand also using Raush Tracing Black # DE 401 fired at 1200F. Red Cross, aligned with the noon line, fused in at 1600F, fusing stopped to allow cross to lie above base to give a three dimensional effect.
Mottos: “Omnes Horas Aspice; Una Erit Tibi Ultima” (Watch All The Hours; One Will Be Your Last)
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is Mr. Albinson's third stained glass sundial. Dial has wood frame and is hanging on the outside of a window
Brian Albinson’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Brian Albinson. Photo ‘b’ is the original photo. Photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped version that corrects perspective distortion.

Dial 312
The Middle Temple Dial
Maker: glass painter, Baptista Sutton (1600-1667)
Date: 1627
Original Location: was probably installed in the large south-facing bay window near the high table in The Great Hall of the Middle Temple in London, where, according to Geoffrey Lane, "the resident judges and their guests could learn to appreciate its usefulness in setting their watches".
Present Location: Middle Temple Hall, east window. London England
Orientation: originally faced south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: coat of arms
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: Main inscription at bottom says: "Nicholas Hyde Miles Capitalis justiciarius ad Placita Corani Riege Carolo 1626". The date and Sutton's latinized signature "Baptista Sutton" appear on either side of the main inscription.
Condition: cracked and re-leaded. Unknown if gnomon still exists
Comments: Commemorates Sir Nicolas Hyde, the new Chief Justice of the Common Pleas. Recently re-discovered by stained glass historian, Brian Sprakes.
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of and © Geoffrey Lane.

Dial 313
The Lost Pewterers' Dial
Maker: prob. by Richard Dutton (1640-1686)
Date: 1671
Original Location: The Pewterers' Company, London England
Present Location: unknown, probably destroyed
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: classical pediment. Pediment may have extended into adjacent panes. A spider advances on a fly
Mottos: "Sic Vita" (So is Life)
Condition: probably destroyed in World War II
Comments: Painted for The Pewterers' Company. This information is from the Geoffrey Lane article. We need a good copy of the original photo and other photos if they exist. Does anybody know where it is?
Article by Geoffrey Lane (6 MB): (2006) Glass Sundial Makers of 17th Century London. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 18(i), March 2006. 40-47
Photo Descriptions: Photographed in 1902. Original photo that appeared in a history of the company, is now at The Society of Antiquaries. This photo is scanned from Geoffrey Lane's article (see link above).

Dial 314
The Ogg Blue Dial
Designer, Delineator and Glass Artisan: Gay Ogg, accomplished English painter and photographer who makes occasional stained glass pieces.
Date: unknown. prob. 1980s
Original Location: unknown exactly. lat: 51.22 N; Lon: unknown. Somewhere in England
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 19° 21' east of south.
Size: 23 cm (9 in)
Adornment: Four 'S' shaped curls with flowers in between them are painted around the edge of the dial on clear blue glass.
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: Mrs. Ogg taught herself how to design her sundial from reading about them in a book. (see letter below). She made this dial for a single pane window using antique blue flashed glass, acid etching (hydrofluoric acid), painting and silver staining- traditional methods taught to her by Lawrence Lee. The outer numeral (chapter) ring of the dial was stained with yellow stain. She measured the declination using a shadow cast from a plumb line in the sun and a computer program written by her 14 year old son.
Letter from Mrs. Ogg: Here
Stuart Ogg Art Website: Here
V.G. Ogg’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Gay Ogg.

Dial 315
The Cornflower Dial
Designer, Delineator and Glass Artisan: Gay Ogg, accomplished English painter and photographer who makes occasional stained glass pieces.
Date: unknown. prob. 1980s
Original Location: Lat: 51.35° N; Lon: unknown place somewhere in England
Present Location: unknown. Prob. at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 18° 66' west of south.
Size: diameter- 41 cm (16 in)
Adornment: Cornflowers painted onto four clear blue glass panes surrounding central sundial
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: Mrs. Ogg taught herself how to design her sundials from reading about them in a book. (see letter below). She made this dial for a double glazed window using antique blue flashed glass, acid etching (hydrofluoric acid), painting and silver staining- traditional methods taught to her by Lawrence Lee. She measured the declination using a shadow cast from a plumb line and a computer program written by her 14 year old son, and she calculated the gnomon size to allow for the thickness of the two layers of glass and the space between them.
Letter from Mrs. Ogg: Here
Stuart Ogg Art Website: Here
V.G. Ogg’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Gay Ogg.

Dial 316
The Carmichael Sundial Cupola
Delineator, Designer & Maker: John Carmichael made the sundial bezels and gnomon, and the entire cupola except for the weathervane.
Ceramic Artisans: Ned Ecke made the porcelain face of the SE Dial but he died before he could complete the others. KVO Industries did the porcelain firings of the other three faces.
Date: installed February 2006
Original Location: Lat: 32.22° N, Lon: 110.98° W. There are four sundials on the cupola which is on the roof of Carmichael's home at 925 E. Foothills Dr. Tucson AZ, USA.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical, Declinations- SE Dial: 27.96° E. of S; NE Dial: 117.96° E. of S; NW Dial: 152.04° W. of S; 62.04° W. of S.
Size: Dial Faces- 53 cm (21 in), Cupola height with weathervane- 2.5 m (100 in)
Adornment: Dial faces were designed to look like traditional clock faces with minimal adornment for easy reading. Solar Noon marks are on SE and SW faces. Black star is at top of all faces.
Mottos: none
Condition: still excellent in 2009. Wood parts repainted in 2009. Patina is beginning to form on copper parts.
Comments: This is the first known four-sided sundial cupola in the Western Hemisphere. The designs on the sundial faces are made from the wonderful super-durable media of kiln-fired porcelain on steel, encased in copper bezels with copper sheet gnomons. The cupola is made from painted redwood with copper roofs and a copper weathervane.
Sundial Cupolas, Towers & Chimneys Website: Here
KVO Industries Website: Here
Sundial Sculptures Website: Here
John Carmichael’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of John Carmichael and were taken in 2006.. Photo ‘g’ show the original design plan made with DeltaCad. Anybody can use these photos without permission

Dial 317
The Carmichael Wall Sconce Dial
Delineator, Designer: John Carmichael
Artisans: KVO industries laser cut the steel dial face and fired the porcelain onto it. John Carmichael did the stained glasswork, assembled and installed the piece.
Date: installed April 14 2006
Original Location: Lat: 38.98° N., Lon: 94.61° W. On a southeastern brick wall of a private home in Leawood Kansas USA (near Kansas City). No public access.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical, Declines 63.312° east of south
Size: Dial Face only- 51.9 cm (20.425 in), Entire piece- 85.72 cm (33.751 in)
Adornment: A hummingbird native to Kansas is in lower left. The colorful porcelain yellow, blue and orange face design is accented by an opalescent stained glass border of orange and yellow sunrays on a sky blue background.
Inscriptions: The face has Daylight Saving and Standard Time hour numerals labeled "Summertime" and "Wintertime" respectively. The latitude, the longitude, the designer's initials, and the design date appear.
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent in 2009
Comments: At night, the piece functions as an electric decorative wall sconce. The dial is elevated about 6" in front of the brick wall and seems to hover in space. Behind it is a metal sheet light shade cut with "shark teeth" notches aligned with the sunrays so that they shine on the wall behind the dial face, illuminating the stained glass border from behind (see photo below). 15 min marks only appear on two solstice lines and the equinox line for easy reading. The time period only includes the hours when the sun lights the dial. Each color of the sundial face was kiln-fired separately onto laser-cut low carbon 14 gauge steel.
Sundial Sculptures Website: Here
John Carmichael’s Email: Here
KVO Industries Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of John Carmichael (taken in 2006). Photo ‘a’- daytime photo. Photo ‘b’- nighttime photo with electric light lit. Photo ‘g’- light shade test model. Photo ‘h’- design drawing. Photo ‘i’- stained glass assembly photo. Photo ‘k’- light shade construction photo. Anybody may use these photos without permission.

Dial 318
The Falcone Fountain Dial
Designer & Maker: Valentino Falcone
Date: installed April 2006
Original Location: Lat: 47° 44' N; Lon: 7° 16' E. In the garden of Mr. Falcone's home at 18, Rue du 21 Novembre, 68790 Morschwiller Le Bas, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclines –15°, Declines south
Size: diameter of circular face- 125 cm (49.2 in); granite base- 145 x 130 x 57 cm (57 x 51 x 22.4 in); flagstone top- 160 x 170 x 3 cm (63 x 67 x 1.2 in). Weight- about 4 tons. Polar style is a 15.46 mm rod with a 3 cm arrow that has a hole. The fountain, in the central part of the face, has a diameter of 67 cm (26.3 in). and a depth of 25 cm (10 in).
Adornment: different flowers are between the roman numeral hours. Motto in a ribbon. Beautiful edging of orange waves on a green background.
Inscriptions: Latitude, longitude, wall declination, the words: "Falcone V", and the date
Mottos: "Sol omnibus lucet" (The sun shines for everyone)
Condition: excellent
Comments: The face is a mosaic of about 20,000 tiles of wills cérame, hand-crafted by Mr. Falcone, is surrounded by a brass strip. The tiles and the other components of the piece will withstand temperatures from – 20° to + 80° C. The metal parts, strapping and supports, are of stainless steel. The fountain is supplied by a recirculating mini-pump.
Valentino Falcone Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Valentino Falcone.

Dial 319
The Eagle Equatorial Dial
Designer and Glass Artisan: unknown
Date: unknown, probably 21st century
Original Location: unknown. Somewhere in the USA
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: a rare equatorial sundial
Size: wingspan-28 cm (11 in). height- 40.6 cm (16 in)
Adornment: the dial face is the wings of an eagle made from opalescent streaky blue glass. Each feather is one hour. Dial is beautifully mounted on a piece of driftwood on a solid oak base.
Condition: excellent
Comments: Dial was up for sale at Ebay in April 2006 by unknown seller. Starting bid was US $39.99. Item # 775789256
Photo Descriptions: Photos were copied from Ebay website (now unavailable)

Dial 320
The Sabanski Door Dial
Designer: Carl Sabanski, member of The North American Sundial Society
Glass Artisan: It is unknown if this sundial actually exists or if these graphics are computer renderings.
Date: 21st century
Original Location: unknown. We have only seen this sundial on Mr. Sabanski's website (see link below). It appears in a computer generated drawing of a door.
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: this attractive dial has quarter and half hour divisions using different colored pieces of glass
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: These drawings appear in Mr. Sabanski's webpage on stained glass sundials. He uses it to explain how stained glass sundials are designed and made. The dial in the graphic is made from copper foil.
The Sundial Primer Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Carl Sabanski.

Dial 321
The Mausoleum Dial Depiction
Designer: unknown
Glass Artisan: unknown
Date: unknown. possibly 20th century
Original Location: in a large mausoleum in S.E. Portland USA
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: this attractive window has a depiction of a horizontal sundial on a pedestal with lots of decorative glass surrounding it.
Inscriptions: Some inscriptions are not legible in this photo. "Time Flies-Love Stays"; "Low Torkelson"
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is not a functional sundial. We would like to find out who made it, its age, and the name of the mausoleum. We need a better photo of it.
Studioblackbird Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo copied from website above.

Dial 322
The Flawed Dial
Designer and Glass Artisan: Jackie Barnaby at Grey Wing Design & Consulting
Date: unknown, probably 21st century
Original Location: unknown. Somewhere in the USA
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: no special features, rather boring. Lacks hour numerals
Condition: excellent
Comments: This dial has several major design flaws and cannot possibly function as a sundial. It was obviously made without help from a qualified sundial designer.
Greywing Design Website: Here
Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is copied from website above.

Dial 323
The Koi Pond Dial
Designer & Glass Artisan: M. Koehl
Date: unknown, probably early 21st century
Original Location: unknown. Somewhere in the USA
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: Beautiful artistic design of both the face and the gnomon. The gnomon is a stunning mosaic sculpture of a Koi fish jumping out of the sundial face which is a pond with swimming Koi and flowering water lilies.
Condition: unknown, but great in this photo
Comments: Very nice artwork design! The gnomon, while beautiful, could be considered gnomonically flawed since part of the shadow casting edges are curved and not flat. Without more information, it's impossible to determine if this dial's face is correctly delineated. The numerals on the face might be correct since they are closely spaced around noon and the 6 o'clock numerals line up correctly with the base of the gnomon. This dial might function as a sundial since there are no obvious design errors. I'd like to find out if the mosaic pattern is printed in the mosaic "how to" books and if there are similar twin dials of this pattern being made by others. If so, these dials may not function correctly for their owners if they are at different locations.
Inland Craft Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from Inland Craft website. It originally appeared in the "how to" booklet, "Mosaic Sundials" by M. Koehl.

Dials 324 325 326
The Brass & Glass Dials
Designer and Glass Artisan: unknown
Date: unknown, probably early 21st century
Original Location: unknown. Somewhere in the USA
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: the molded designs on the brass sundial faces are a hummingbird (Dial 324), grapes (Dial 325), and angels (Dial 326). The brass sundials are surrounded by a borders of leaded stained glass mosaics.
Condition: unknown, but good in this photo
Comments: These are just ornamental dials and can not function because they are gnomonically flawed. The brass dials are mass-produced cast ornamental sundials with curved gnomons. But the idea of putting a mosaic border around a metal sundial is artistically a good one.
Garden Ponds Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from website above.
Dial 324:
Dial 325:
Dial 326:

Dial 327
The Smiling Sun Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown. Probably by Jean Claude Art.
Date: unknown
Original Location: unknown, probably made in France
Present Location: Offered for sale in 2006 on the French antiques website below.
Orientation: Vertical, Probably declines south
Size: unknown
Adornment: a large smiling sun fills the center
Mottos: unknown if any are present around the circumference
Condition: unknown
Comments: We are looking for a better photograph and more information on this dial.
Jean Claude Art Website: Here
Jean Claude Art’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from Google images.

Dial 328
The Ceramic Cherubs Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown, but it is being sold commercially by Bel Tesoro.
Date: The original was made in 1615. This one is a copy and is from the 21st century.
Original Location: Italy. It's unknown for where this dial was originally designed, but many copies exist in many places. They are made in Italy and are mass-produced from a mold and sold everywhere.
Present Location: many locations
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: two cherubs sit on top of the dial on either side of a shield. The date, 1615, is on the shield
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: These sundials are mass-produced and are only ornamental and will probably not function correctly for their owners. They cost $110. We are looking for a better photograph and more information on this dial.
Bel Tesoro Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from Bel Tesoro website.

Dial 329
The Atelier Stüber Dial
Designer & Maker: Atelier Stüber, German Pottery Studio
Date: unknown, probably early 2000's
Original Location: A commissioned piece for Gabriele Andreae, Dipl.Ing. Architect, Münster Germany.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: very modern design
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: It is difficult to see the gnomon in the website photos. The website indicates that copies of this dial are for sale. It is not known if this dial is properly designed and if it functions correctly.
Milan-Keramik Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from Milan-Keramik website.

Dial 330
The Yanzum Gardens Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown who designed the original. The copies are sold by Yanzum Gardens
Date: unknown when the original was made, the copies are probably early 2000's
Original Location: unknown
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south
Size: 55.9 x 38.1 cm (22 x 15 in)
Adornment: a sun face with the gnomon coming out of his mouth.
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is mass-produced from molds and will not function at all locations.
Yanzum Gardens Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from Yanzum Gardens website.

Dial 331
The Mosaic Box Dial
Designer & Maker: Sundial designed by Merlin Design Sundials in collaboration with the client and artist Sue Edkins. Mosaic plinth designed and made by Sue Edkins.
Date: unknown, probably early 2000s
Original Location: unknown. Somewhere in England
Present Location: unknown. Somewhere in England
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: The sundial has a sun in the center
Mottos: unknown
Inscriptions: present, but unknown
Condition: unknown
Comments: The sundial is accurate and very well made. The plinth is a hand-made box with mosaic landscape designs on all sides.
Easyweb Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from website above.

Dial 332
The Tunmarsh Centre Dial
Designer & Maker: Douglas Hunt of 'Sunclocks'
Date: unknown, probably early 2000s
Original Location: New Tunmarsh Centre, (east London, UK).
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: horizontal analemmatic sundial with human gnomon
Size: unknown
Adornment: a date-scale in mosaic, using different colors for each 'month'. Beautiful hour marks.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a human interactive sundial that uses the shadow cast by a human to tell time.
Sunclocks Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from website above.

Dial 333
The Swindon Village Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown
Date: unknown, probably early 2000s
Original Location: Swindon Village, Gloucestershire England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: horizontal analemmatic sundial
Size: unknown
Adornment: beautiful!
Mottos: unknown
Inscriptions: unknown
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a human interactive sundial that uses the shadow cast by a human to tell time.
Local Heritage Website: Here
Swindon Pareish Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from website above.

Dial 334
The Green Glass Dial
Designer and Maker: made by Pro Cutting in Las Vegas Nevada
Date: unknown, probably early 2000s
Original Location: unknown, probably USA
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: unique ornamental all-glass sundial with a glass gnomon & face. It is has a severely flawed gnomonic design and will not function as a sundial because the hour lines do not radiate from the base of the gnomon.
Procutting Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is copied from website above.

Dial 335
The Glass Neon Dial
Designer and Maker: made by Pro Cutting in Las Vegas Nevada
Date: unknown, probably early 2000s
Original Location: unknown, probably USA
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: a shark, ocean waves and ornamental circular shapes. The dial face appears to be illuminated by neon colored lighting located under an aluminum border around the glass sundial face.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: unique ornamental all-glass sundial with a glass gnomon & face. It is has a severely flawed gnomonic design and will not function as a sundial because the hour lines do not radiate from the base of the gnomon.
Procutting Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is copied from website above.

Dial 336
The Ambaud Dial
Designer & Maker: Jean-Luc Ambaud
Date: 2005
Original Location: Eragny France
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Vertical. Declines to the southeast.
Size: unknown
Adornment: signs of the zodiac surrouund face that has spectral colors
Mottos: yes, but not translated
Inscriptions: yes, but unreadable in this photo. Date: 2005
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a nice dial.
Pagesperso-Orange Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from website above.

Dial 337
The Argentine Red Dial
Designer & Maker: C. Casoli and his students
Date: 2001
Original Location: San Salvador de Jujuy, Argentina
Present Location: unknown. probably at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: sun, two constellations, three logos at the bottom
Mottos: at bottom in Spanish: "Dios creo el tiempo para que tu hagas las horas" (God created time so that you make the hours).
Inscriptions: at top in Spanish: "marco las horas solares" (I mark solar hours). "MMI" and other unreadable text in top corners.
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a nice dial.
Pagesperso-Orange Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from website above.

Dial 338
The Marton Acorn Dial
Designer & Maker: Géza Marton
Date: early 2000's
Original Location: city unknown, Hungary
Present Location: unknown. probably at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: wreath of red acorns, oak leaves and the hour numerals surround dial face. two rifles crossed on top.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a nice dial.
Pagesperso-Orange Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from website above.

Dial 339
The Fanchini Dial
Designer & Maker: Daniel Fanchini
Date: early 2000's
Original Location: Seremange France
Present Location: unknown. probably at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: compass rosette, sun, centaur
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: none
Pagesperso-Orange Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from website above.

Dial 340
The Miniussi Sculpted Dial
Designer & Maker: Marco Miniussi
Date: probably early 2000's
Original Location: unknown, but since the makers name is Italian, the dial was probably made for somewhere in Italy.
Present Location: unknown. probably at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: a simple dial sculpted in 3 dimensional relief with the rays of the sun above the winter solstice line and a sun with two crescent moons below the summer solstice lines.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none other than the roman hour numerals
Condition: unknown
Comments: nice dial that probably functions correctly. The material looks like ceramic clay that has been sculpted then kiln-fired. Gnomon is a metal rod. The face has an aged weathered look.
Pagesperso-Orange Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from website above.

Dial 341
The Skylight Aperture Dial
Designer and Glass Artisan: optics artist, Rebecca Cummins
Gnomonic Consultants: John Carmichael, Woody Sullivan and Chris Meek at the Seattle Lighting Center Daylighting Lab
Date: unveiled Aug. 12, 2006, at the opening of the new library
Original Location: Montlake branch of the Seattle Public Library at 2401 24th Ave. E, Seattle WA, USA
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: The sundial face is horizontal
Size: The light holes are 45.7 cm (18 in) in diameter
Adornment: Four of the five colored spots of light are for adornment and do not function as nodi.
Condition: excellent
Comments: Five holes in the ceiling are fitted with a new architectural product that laminates colored gels between clear glass. The brand name of this stained glass substitute is: Vanceva. These colored Vanceva glass disks project different colored spots onto the floor and walls of the lobby. Markings on the floor indicate the positions of Solar Noon from the spring to the fall equinox. The projected light from the first orange circle in the roof is the aperture nodus and its path is marked on the floor below to indicate Solar and Clock Noon.
University Week Website: Here
Montlake Library Website: Here
Rebecca Cummins Website: Here
Vanceva Website: Here
Rebecca Cummins Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Rebecca Cummins and are copied from websites above.

Dial 342
The Scherffig Erlangen Noon Dial
Designer & Fabricator: Peter Scherffig of Erlangen Germany
Glass Sandblasting: by unknown local sandblasting company
Date: Dec 2005 to Jan 2006, mounted July 2006
Original Location: Lat: 49° 35.5' N; Lon: 11° 0.5' E. at Stettiner Strasse 22 91058, Erlangen Germany
Present Location: at original location.
Orientation: Inclination: vertical, Declination: due South
Size: height- 35 cm (13.8 in), width- 28 cm (11 in)
Inscriptions: none
Adornment: analemma for time-correction. Coordinates of location. M indicates high noon at local time.
Mottos: “HOMO FABER, HOMO LUDENS” (Man (sometimes) Works, Man (sometimes) Gambles)
Condition: excellent
Comments: Sandblasted Glass Face. A Standard Time Noon Dial that also tells the date. Time zone at 15 ° East (MEZ). Aperture gnomon 14cm from face. You can read the dial from either the front or the backside (but text is reversed).Mr. Scherffig sent us these photos on October 17, 2006 and he passed away from cancer just eight days later on October 25, 2006. So he must have been proud of this, his last sundial. For more information, you can contact his daughter at the email address below.
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Peter Scherffig.

Dial 343
The Sabadell Dial
Designer & Maker: Eduard Farré
Date: 1986
Original Location: Lat: 41° 35’ N; Lon: - 2° 07’ E. Plaça Primer de Maig, Sabadell Catolonia Spain
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: horizontal analemmatic human sundial
Size: Ellipse measures 12 x 8 (39 x 26 ft)
Adornment: Numbers, inscription and analemma are inlayed brass. Background has large blue stars and other impressionistic artistic designs made from different types of stone inlays.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: months on analemma are in the Catalan language.
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is a large beautiful human interactive sundial that was intended to use the shadow cast by a human to tell time. Unfortunately, it is gnomonically flawed in two ways. It incorrectly has an analemma instead of a straight date line. Also, it’s so large that the user’s shadow is far too short to reach the hour markers. This otherwise beautiful mosaic dial must have cost a lot of money to build so it really is unfortunate that it suffers from these two common analemmatic sundial design errors.
Members.aon Website: Here
Analematic Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos were copied from websites above.

Dial 344
The Fishermen Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: maison a Salaunes, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: brilliantly colored painting of fishermen with smiling sun and corner decorations.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: it appears that the rod gnomon has been rotated, making the dial nonfunctional
Pagesperso-Orange Website: Here
Joel Robic’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is by Lucien Chaumain and was copied from website above.

Dial 345
The Setting Sun Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: Casale Monf. (AL), Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines slightly to the west of south
Size: unknown
Adornment: a rather primitive painting of the setting sun
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: coordinates, wall declination and the names of several people
Condition: unknown
Comments: none
Giorgio Mesturini Website: Here
Giorgio Mesturini’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Mesturini and was copied from website above.

Dial 346
The Castelmella Dial
Designer & Maker: Mariella Gobbi
Date: 1998
Original Location: Lat: 45° 29' 30" N, Lon: 10° 9' 30" E. On wall of private home in Castelmella (BS), Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines slightly to the west of south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: the Mandrone lake and landscape of Castelmella
Mottos: yes, but not easy to read
Inscriptions: coordinates, wall declination and the names of several people
Condition: unknown
Comments: A handsome dial.
Gnomonica Italiana Website: Here
Mario Arnaldi’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Mario Arnaldi and was copied from website above.

Dial 347
The Flero Courtyard Dial
Designer: Gianni Cornacchiari
Artist: unknown
Date: 1991
Original Location: Lat: 45’ 30” N, Lon: 10’ 15” E. Flero (BS), Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines slightly to the west of south.
Size: 140 x 100 cm (55 x 39 in)
Adornment: depicts the inside of a courtyard with Flero countryside behind.
Mottos: “E Nel Peregrinar Di Sol Io Vivo” (and in search of the sun I live)
Inscriptions: “Ora Vera Locale”, 1991, Lat. & Long., signature of artist (unreadable)
Condition: unknown
Comments: We’d like to find out the name of the ceramic artist
Gnomonica Italiana Website: Here
Mario Arnaldi’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Mario Arnaldi and was copied from website above.

Dial 348
The Enni Golfieri Dial
Designer: Aurelio Costa
Artist: unknown
Date: 2002
Original Location: On the façade of the Natural Museum of Sciences, Ravenna, Faenza, Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines slightly to the west of south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: signs of the zodiac with stars in background and corners
Mottos: “Terrae solo vitam donare solet”
Inscriptions: In Memoriam Enni Golfieri Faventini Architecti A.D. MMII
Condition: unknown
Comments: We’d like to find out the name of the ceramic artist
Gnomonica Italiana Website: Here
Mario Arnaldi’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Mario Arnaldi and was copied from website above.

Dial 349
The Matelica Dial
Designer: Antonio Giorgi
Artist: Savina Laudi
Date: 2005
Original Location: Lat: 43° 14' 50" N, Lon: 13° 00' 06" E. On private home in Matelica (MC), Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 31.4° east of south.
Size: 200 x 280 cm (78 x 110 in)
Adornment: Art Deco design of pensive female figure with zodiac signs
Mottos: “Omnia Aliena Sunt Tempus Tantum Nostrum Est” (Nothing Belongs to Us, Only Time is Ours)
Inscriptions: Latitude & Longitude, EOT graph
Condition: excellent. A beautiful dial!
Comments: The website below gives an excellent account of how the dial was designed and made.
Arsgnomonica Website: Here
Antonio Giorgi Architetto’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Antonio Giorgi Architetto and was copied from website above.

Dial 350
The Giorgi Double Dial
Designer: Antonio Giorgi
Artist: Luciano Cordivani
Date: 1998
Original Location: Lat: 42° 51' 01" N, Lon: 13° 34' 29" E. On the Lungocastellano Sisto V, Antonio Giorgi’s home in Ascoli
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 2.1° east of south
Size: 122 x 82 cm (48 x 32 in)
Adornment: Border of ivy, golden orange background
Mottos: “Parlo con l’ombra, taccio con l’ombra” (I speak with the shadow, I’m silent with the shade)
Inscriptions: Seasons are marked telling user which sundial face to use
Condition: excellent
Comments: The panel has two sundials. The one on the left functions in the Fall and Summer, and the other works in the Spring and Winter. User must physically move the gnomon to the correct sundial according to the season. The website below gives an excellent account of how the dial was designed and made.
Arsgnomonica Website: Here
Antonio Giorgi Architetto’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is used by permission of Antonio Giorgi Architetto © 1998-2007 and was copied from website above.

Dial 351
The Veynes Dial
Designer and Ceramic Painter: Joseph Auvray
Ceramic Studio: Atelier Acacia workshop at Mont Dauphin, Haute Alpes, France
Date: 1993
Original Location: Veynes France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: vertical, declines towards east of south
Size: unknown
Adornment: a cartoonish smiling sun, a ribbon chapter ring on a sky blue background
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: the Date: “1993”. Atelier Acacia’s maker’s mark appears in lower right corner.
Condition: unknown
Comments: Ceramic tiles were made using the silk-screening technique. We need help locating information about this dial. We can’t locate the source website.
Photo Descriptions: Photo’s source is unknown. It came from an unknown website.

Dial 352
The Austrian Tree Dial
Delineator: Johann Jindra, Weiten, Lower Austria
Artistic Design: Dr. Leonhartsberger, Mank.
Ceramic Artisan: Melanie Gruber, Loosdorf.
Date: 2000
Original Location: 48° 06’ 35" N, lon: 15° 20’ 33" E. A-3240, Mank, Schulstrasse 9, Lower Austria
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 15° east of south.
Size: 2.5 x 2.2 m (98 x 87 in)
Adornment: impressionistic style. Representation of an arbor vitae, symbols of the seasons, sun, datelines of flat metal bars with gold leaf.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: “AD MM”
Condition: good
Comments: Dial shows Local Time (Roman numbers V-XII-V). We need a better photo.
Karl Schwarzinger’s Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Karl Schwarzinger and was copied from website above.

Dial 353
The Bonata Double Dial
Delineator: Diego Bonata
Artistic Design: Diego Bonata
Ceramic Artisan: Diego Bonata
Date: 1998
Original Location: in the sanctuary that saw Pope grow Giovanni XXIII, in S. Gregorio (BG) Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines by unknown amount.
Size: unknown. There are over 10 square meters of ceramics.
Adornment: impressionistic style on ceramics of Forlì. Golden spiral with vertical gnomon in center. Overlaid with two bowtie shaped blue sundial faces with date lines. Four interesting unidentified human figures in each corner.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: present, but unreadable in these photos
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is Mr. Bonata’s personal favorite sundial. I can not determine why there are two sundial faces using one gnomon. Original photos appear to be from the inauguration ceremony.
Vialattea Website: Here
Photo a on Flickr Website: Here
Photo b on Flickr Website: Here
Diego Bonata’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘b’ and ‘c’ are courtesy of Diego Bonata and he sent them to us. Photos ‘a’ and ‘d’ are courtesy of Marsala Florio from Flickr webpages above.

Dial 354
The Kosumberk Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artisan: unknown
Date: 1920?
Original Location: e pavilon M, neurology, Kosumberk, lécebna Luže. Czech Republic
Present Location: probably at original location
Orientation: Vertical, faces due south
Size: 3 x 7 m (9 x 23 ft). very large!
Adornment: complex and intricate modern design of smiling sun, moon and stars with a capped cherub holding the gnomon and a very fancy border. Composed of many ceramic pieces and gold leaf.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is certainly one of the most intricate and beautiful sundials in our mosaic dial collection. It is a true work of art. Because it is so large, the artist was able to achieve fine details, precise patterns, and intricate shading and using standard sized 1 cm mosaic tiles. From a distance, it almost looks like a painting. We need better photos and more information about this magnificent sundial.
Astro.mff Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ by Marian Repáš (2006), copied from Astro.mff website. Photo ‘b’ copied from flickr website. Photo ‘c’ is a photoshopped version of photo ‘a’ that corrects perspective distortion and crops out border.

Dial 355
The Lizards Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artists: Jean Cocteau and Gilbert Valentin
Date: April 1961
Original Location: On the facade of the city hall, in the town of Coaraze, Alpes-Maritimes, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines by unknown amount.
Size: unknown
Adornment: very interesting wrought iron work inlaid on orangish ceramic
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: signed by Jean Cocteau
Condition: unknown
Comments: iron numerals are a little difficult to read
Sciences-Edu Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Serge Lagier’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are © and are courtesy of Serge Lagier. He sent them to us. Please do not copy them without his permission.

Dial 356
The Time Ride Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artist: Mona Criste
Date: 1961
Original Location: in the town of Coaraze, Alpes-Maritimes, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines west of south by unknown amount.
Size: unknown
Adornment: two white horses on a sky blue background
Mottos: “Pur Sang Signe le Temps” (Pure Blood Signs the Time)
Inscriptions: signed by Mona Criste
Condition: unknown
Comments: Dial’s name in French is: "La Chevauchée du Temps"
Sciences-Edu Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Serge Lagier’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is © and is courtesy of Serge Lagier. He sent it to us. Please do not copy it without his permission.

Dial 357
The Sunflowers Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artist: Gilbert Valentin
Date: 1961
Original Location: in the town of Coaraze, Alpes-Maritimes, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines west of south by unknown amount.
Size: unknown
Adornment: very modern design with stylized sunflowers and little half spheres to mark the time
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: signed “Valentin”
Condition: unknown
Comments: Dial’s name in French is: "Les Tournesols".
Sciences-Edu Website: Here
Serge Lagier’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is © and is courtesy of Serge Lagier. He sent it to us. Please do not copy it without his permission.

Dial 358
The Fabulous Animals Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artist: Georges Douking
Date: 1961
Original Location: in the town of Coaraze, Alpes-Maritimes, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: vertical, declines by unknown amount W. of S.
Size: unknown
Adornment: modern design with a globe and silhouettes of buffalos and leopards
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: signed: “Douking”
Condition: unknown
Comments: Dial’s name in French is: "Les Animaux Fabuleux"
Sciences-Edu Website: Here
Serge Lagier’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is © and is courtesy of Serge Lagier. He sent it to us. Please do not copy it without his permission.

Dial 359
The Blue Time Dial
Delineator: Angel Ponce de Léon (Ponce Fidelio)
Artist: Gilbert Valentin
Date: 1961
Original Location: in the town of Coaraze, Alpes-Maritimes, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: childlike primitive modern design of blue colors with metal Roman numerals
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: signed: “Angel Ponce de Léon”
Condition: unknown
Comments: none
Sciences-Edu Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Serge Lagier’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is © and is courtesy of Serge Lagier. He sent it to us. Please do not copy it without his permission.

Dial 360
The Python Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artist: Henri Bernard Goetz
Date: 1961
Original Location: in the town of Coaraze, Alpes-Maritimes, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: vertical, declination unknown
Size: unknown
Adornment: modern work represents the victory of greek god over Python, fabulous snake born of Gaïa.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: signed: “Goetz”
Condition: unknown
Comments: Dial’s name in French: "Le Python et sa Couronne en Vert et Or" (The Python and his Crown in Green and Gold)
Sciences-Edu Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Serge Lagier’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is © and is courtesy of Serge Lagier. He sent it to us. Please do not copy it without his permission.

Dial 361
The Town Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artist: unknown
Date: unknown exactly. late 1900’s
Original Location: on a house on the D15 leading to the town of Coaraze, Alpes-Maritimes, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: vertical, declination unknown
Size: unknown
Adornment: a sculpted village in ceramics at the top. A world map, Sun, Moon, and star.
Mottos: “Nil Novi Sub Sole” (Nothing New Under the Sun)
Inscriptions: none. Not signed
Condition: unknown
Comments: very 3 dimensional and textured
Sciences-Edu Website: Here
Serge Lagier’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is © and is courtesy of Serge Lagier. He sent it to us. Please do not copy it without his permission.

Dial 362
The Flying Eagle Dial
Designer and Ceramic Painter: Joseph Auvray
Ceramic Studio: Atelier Acacia workshop at Mont Dauphin, Haute Alpes, France
Date: 1991
Original Location: Guillestrois, Hautes Alpes, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines towards the east by unknown amount.
Size: unknown
Adornment: a flying eagle
Mottos: “Aide Toi, Leciel t'Aidera” (Help You, Leciel will Help you)
Inscriptions: the date “1991”. Atelier Acacia’s maker’s mark appears in lower right corner.
Condition: unknown
Comments: Ceramic tiles were made using the silk-screening technique.
Acacia Workshop Website: Here
Michel Lalos Website: Here
Michel Lalos’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Michel Lalos and is copied from his website.

Dial 363
The Rams Dial
Designer and Ceramic Painter: Joseph Auvray
Ceramic Studio: Atelier Acacia workshop at Mont Dauphin, Haute Alpes, France
Date: 2005
Original Location: vars ste mari, Guillestrois, Hautes Alpes, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines towards the east by unknown amount.
Size: unknown
Adornment: rams grazing in the country
Mottos: “Compagnon Suit Soleil Il T’inclique” (trans: ?)
Inscriptions: the date “2005”. Atelier Acacia’s maker’s mark appears in lower right corner.
Condition: unknown
Comments: Ceramic tiles were made using the silk-screening technique.
Acacia Workshop Website: Here
Michel Lalos Website: Here
Michel Lalos’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Michel Lalos and is copied from his website.

Dial 364
The Flower Diamond Dial
Designer and Ceramic Painter: Joseph Auvray
Ceramic Studio: Atelier Acacia workshop at Mont Dauphin, Haute Alpes, France
Date: 2005
Original Location: vars ste marie, Guillestrois, Hautes Alpes, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines towards the east by unknown amount.
Size: unknown
Adornment: a flower in center.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: “WMSA”, “2005”. Atelier Acacia’s maker’s mark appears in lower right corner.
Condition: unknown
Comments: Ceramic tiles were made using the silk-screening technique.
Acacia Workshop Website: Here
Michel Lalos Website: Here
Michel Lalos’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Michel Lalos and is copied from his website.

Dial 365
The Mt Dauphin Dial
Designer and Ceramic Painter: Joseph Auvray
Ceramic Studio: Atelier Acacia workshop at Mont Dauphin, Haute Alpes, France
Date: 1989
Original Location: Mt. Dauphin, Guillestrois, Hautes Alpes, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines towards the west by unknown amount.
Size: unknown
Adornment: shield, butterfly scrollwork
Mottos: “Sol Rex Regum” (trans: ?)
Inscriptions: Signed “Atalier Acacia”. Atelier Acacia’s maker’s mark appears in lower right corner.
Condition: unknown
Comments: Ceramic tiles were made using the silk-screening technique.
Acacia Workshop Website: Here
Michel Lalos Website: Here
Michel Lalos’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Michel Lalos and is copied from his website.

Dial 366
The Sunfaces Collage Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artist: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: Collège Maurice Calmel - Marans - Charente Maritime (17), France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: interesting colorful collage of sun faces
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: Dial is bolted to wall.
Michel Lalos Website: Here
Michel Lalos’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Michel Lalos and is copied from his website.

Dial 367
The Nailsea Court Replacement Dial
Glazier and Glass Painter: Carol Arnold, English stained glass glazier.
Delineator: Carol Arnold with help from David Brown
Date of installation: Jan 2007
Original Location: Lat: 51.43° N; Lon: 2.75° W. In the Langford Room at Nailsea Court, Somerset (Avon) England
Present Location: Nailsea Court, site of original dial
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 9° east of south.
Size: 26.1 x 18.7 cm (10.25 x 7.4 in)
Adornment: bird on branch looks at fly, winged hourglass, ornamental cartouche
Mottos: Dum Spectas Fugio (I Fly while you Watch)
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is the replacement dial for the famous missing Nailsea Court Dial. It is a reproduction of the original dial which possibly was made by John Oliver in the17th Century (See Dial 30). The glass is etched, painted, enameled, and silver stained in several stages, with successive kiln firings. The white area is of white enamel. The hour lines were calculated for the latitude, longitude, and declination of the window at Nailsea Court. It has a brass gnomon with two support stays. Time readings are accurate to about two minutes.
Article by Carol Arnold (2 MB): (June 2007) Nailsea Replacement Sundial. "The BSS Bulletin" No. 19 (ii) pgs. 75-77.
Carol Arnold Website: Here
Carol Arnold’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Carol Arnold.

Dial 368
The Meissen Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artist: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: high on a wall of a building at Wolyniezstr 7, Meissen (Saxony) Germany
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines slightly to the east of south.
Size: unknown but quite large
Adornment: plants, fish, snowflakes and a dove are on large ceramic pieces surrounding the dial face which is made of a bent copper spiral with metal stakes marking the hours.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: the letters: “AWC” and “RD”
Condition: probably still good
Comments: We’d like to have a better high resolution photo taken with the sun shining on the dial face.
Home.arcor Website: Here
Peter Lindner’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Peter Lindner, taken in August 2001.

Dial 369
The Koenigs Wusterhausen Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artist: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: on a wall of a building at Berliner Str. 16 a 15711 Koenigs Wusterhausen OT Funkerberg Germany
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: vertical. Declination unknown
Size: unknown but quite large
Adornment: ceramic tiles with a modern design featuring a cat, some birds, the moon, Saturn and trees
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: probably still good
Comments: We’d like to have a better high resolution photo taken with the sun shining on the dial face.
Home.arcor Website: Here
Peter Lindner’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Peter Lindner, taken in 2001.

Dial 370
The Waldteichstr Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artist: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: Waldteichstr 4, D-01468 Boxdorf, Germany
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: vertical. Declination unknown
Size: unknown
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: probably still good
Comments: Dial is bolted to wall.
Home.arcor Website: Here
Peter Lindner’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Peter Lindner and were taken in May 2005 and copied from website above.

Dial 371
The Zoeblitzer Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artist: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: Zoeblitzer Str. 1, D-09496 Ruebenau, Germany
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declination is unknown.
Size: unknown
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: probably still good
Comments: Dial is bolted to wall.
Home.arcor Website: Here
Peter Lindner’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Peter Lindner and were taken in May 2005 and copied from website above.

Dials 372 373 374 375 376 377
The Wheaton-Smith Ceramic Dials
Delineator: Simon Wheaton-Smith
Maker: Simon Wheaton-Smith
Dates: all were made in 2006
Original Locations: Lat: 32° 46’ 52” N, Lon: 108° 16’ 24” W. At private residence at 6th and A Street, Silver City New Mexico, USA
Present Locations: all are at original locations
Orientations: 372-horizontal; 373-cube dial with four cardinal point vertical dials and one horizontal dial; 374-polar; 375-cardinal points; 376-horizontal; 377-a couple of degrees off the cardinal points
Sizes: 372-12 in; 373-8 in cube; 374-8 in x16 in; 375-8” square dial plates; 376-12 in square; 377-5 ft 6 in
Adornment: 372-concrete pedestal; 373-colorful faces; 374- concrete block pedestal, glass face, copper border and lines; 375-onb concrete block; 376-on concrete block; 377- on concrete block, glass face, copper border and lines
Mottos: 372-“Time and tide wait for gnomon”; 373-“May sunshine fill your hours”; 374-none; 375-none; 376-none; 377-none
Inscriptions: 372-longitude & latitude; 373-unknown; 374-none; 375-none; 376-none; 377- on the north face is the equation of time in ceramic
Condition: all good in 2007 except 374 which was prematurely fired, and which exploded. What could be saved was, and a new fill in was added
Comments: According to Mr. Wheaton-Smith, these dials have a primitive artistic design and are intended to reach the peaceful right brain while still being fairly accurate. They are not intended to be fine works of art, but to generate peaceful moods. Their aesthetic appearance was intended to be more important than their accuracy. 372-a standard horizontal dial, nodus is 2/3 the way along the style, 7 calendar lines, longitude corrected; 373-ceramic stoneware, horizontal, vertical, and two meridian dials all longitude corrected; 374-this dial gets a lot of pleasing comments from passers by. It has the half hours marked, and the solstice and equinoxes, and is longitude corrected; 375-a set of longitude corrected horizontal dials rotated 45 degrees, or, meridian dials rotated. Photo was taken as the mortar was setting before a final stucco coat; 376-a longitude corrected winged azimuth dial of stoneware. It gets a lot of curious comments from passers by who don't understand it, so it tweaks their interest. 377- This is a modern remake in iridescent opalescent glass of an ancient cube dial that Mr. Wheaton-Smith had in England in the 1950s.
Illustrating Shadows Website: Here
Simon Wheaton-Smith’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Simon Wheaton Smith and he sent them to us.
Dial 372:
Dial 373:
Dial 374:
Dial 375:
Dial 376:
Dial 377:

Dial 378
The Svetlogorsk Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artisan: unknown
Date: original construction date is unknown for sure, but was probably in 1973
Original Location: Lat: 54.94609° N; Lon: 20.15158° E. In Svetlogorsk Russia
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: diameter-10 m (33 ft)
Adornment: Complex and intricate modern design with the zodiacal signs
Mottos: unknown
Inscriptions: unknown
Condition: An old photo (Photo ‘d’), taken at an unknown date, shows the dial as being nearly destroyed with many of the ceramic tiles missing and crumbling away. Aleksandr Boldyrev says that he saw the dial in 2000 and it was nearly destroyed. He saw it again in 2006 and photographed it (Photo ‘b’). The new photo shows the restored and repaired dial with a new fence around it implying that the dial was restored sometime between 2000 and 2006.
Comments: In 1973 a new promenade and staircases with 265 steps were built to the Baltic Sea. The difference in height between bottom and top steps is 35.6 meters. The descent leads directly to the sundial on the promenade. The dial is a colorful puzzle. In its center is a gnomon the shadow of which shows the time. The gnomon is oriented for the Pole Star and is placed at an angle of 55 degrees (the latitude of Svetlogorsk). We need better photos that show the design of the face. And we need more information about this sundial.
Virtualtourist Website: Here
Redingo Website: Here
mooseonthemove’s Flickr Website: Here
Andrey Bardadym’s Flickr Website: Here
Therkd’s Flickr Website: Here
art_pi’s Flickr Website: Here
Olga Zvereva’s Flickr Website: Here
Aleksandr Boldyrev’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘d’ shows pre-restoration. Others are post-restoration. Photo ‘b’ was sent to us by Aleksandr Boldyrev. Photos ‘a’, ‘c’, ‘d’, ‘e’, ‘f’, ‘g’ were copied with permission from websites above. Photo ‘g’ was taken by Andrey Bardadym © All rights reserved. We have his permission to post it. Photo ‘h’ was taken by THERKD © All rights reserved. We have his permission to post it. Photo ‘i’ is by art_pi © All rights reserved, and is used with permission.

Dial 379
The Assieu Dial
Designer: M. Vilaplana (signed)
Artist: M. Vilaplana (signed)
Date: 1989
Original Location: Lat: 44° 55’ N, Lon: 0° 14’ W. On unknown building in Assieu France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines slightly to the east of south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: grapevine borders and the French countryside. Shield at top.
Mottos: “Je Marque Les Heures Claires” (I Tell the Clear Hours)
Inscriptions: MCXL Lat: 44° 55’ N, Lon: 0° 14’ W.
Condition: unknown
Comments: No website known that shows this dial.
Alain Ferreira’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Alain Ferreira.

Dial 380
The Chaponnay Quadruple Dial
Designer: M. Vilaplana (signature not visible)
Artist: M. Vilaplana (signature not visible)
Date: 1991
Original Location: Lat: 45° 37’ N; Lon: 4° 56’ E. On unknown building in Chaponnay France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines slightly to the east of south.
Size: unknown but quite large
Adornment: moon & Owl, Saturn & Stars, rooster, shield
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: present but unreadable in this poor photo.
Condition: unknown
Comments: We need a better photo. There are four separate dials in this piece that show: The time in Los Angeles, Chaponnay, various cities, and Tokyo. No website known that shows this dial.
Alain Ferreira’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Alain Ferreira.

Dial 381
The Faux Parchment Dial
Designer: M. Vilaplana (unsigned)
Artist: M. Vilaplana (unsigned)
Date: 1976
Original Location: Lat: 45° 42’ N, Lon: 4° 53’ E. on unknown building in or near St-Fons France.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines west.
Size: unknown but quite large
Adornment: interesting dial face looks like old curled parchment with moon & Owl, Saturn & Stars, rooster (same as Dial 380)
Mottos: “Tempus Fugit” (Time Flies)
Inscriptions: 1976, Lat: 45° 42’ N; Lon: 4° 53’ E.
Condition: unknown
Comments: No website known that shows this dial.
Alain Ferreira’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Alain Ferreira.

Dial 382
The Ribera de Cabanes Book Dial
Designer: unknown (unsigned)
Artist: unknown (unsigned)
Date: 1993
Original Location: Lat: 40° 09’ N, Lon: 0° 09’ E. In Ribera de Cabanes, Spain
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines somewhat west of south.
Size: unknown but quite large
Adornment: Angels, Signs of the zodiac, several religious depictions
Mottos: “Piensa en la Ultima” (Consider the Highest); “Omni Hora Deum Lauda” (trans: ?)
Inscriptions: coordinates of the place, times of sunrises and sunsets, and other small inscriptions
Condition: unknown
Comments: No website known that shows this dial. We need a better photo. This attractive dial has an interesting shape with informative side panels.
Alain Ferreira’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Alain Ferreira.

Dial 383
The Commelle Vernay Pocket Dial
Designer: M. Vilaplana (cannot find signature, but looks like a Vilaplana)
Artist: probably M. Vilaplana (cannot find signature)
Date: 1999
Original Location: Lat: 45° 59’ N, Lon: 4° 03’ E. on stand in Commelle Vernay, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown but quite large
Adornment: shield, Equation of Time, extreme hours, rooster, moon, hourglass, zodiacal signs
Mottos: “L’Ombre Domestique” (Domesticated Shadow)
Inscriptions: coordinates, elevation
Condition: unknown
Comments: No website known that shows this dial. We need a better photo. This is more like a sculpture that looks like a giant pocket watch. There is another dial on the North face.
Alain Ferreira’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Alain Ferreira.

Dial 384
The Lyon Pocket Dial
Designer: E. Vilaplana (signed)
Artist: possibly by Venissieux-R (signed)
Date: 1993
Original Location: Lat: 45° 42’ N, Lon: 4° 53’ E. On unknown building in Lyon France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: vertical. Declines slightly to the east of south.
Size: unknown but quite large
Adornment: dial looks like a pocket watch with chain ring and winding stems. Sun face at center
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: coordinates, extreme hours, times in world cities, speed of Earth’s rotation- 323 meters per second
Condition: unknown
Comments: No website known that shows this dial. One large sundial has two smaller dials on each side that tell times in Los Angeles and Tokyo. Similar to Dial 385.
Alain Ferreira’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Alain Ferreira.

Dial 385
The Magland Pocket Pocket
Designer: possibly by E.Vilaplana (unsigned)
Artist: possibly by Venissieux-R (unsigned)
Date: 1993
Original Location: Lat: 46° 01’ N; Lon: 6° 37’ E. in unknown place in Magland France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines slightly to the west of south
Size: unknown
Adornment: dial looks like a pocket watch with chain ring and winding stems. Shield, cyclamen flowers, a house, zodiacal signs
Mottos: “Le Soleil Luit Pour Tous” (The Sun Shines for All)
Inscriptions: coordinates, elevation
Condition: unknown
Comments: This dial is similar to Dial 384. No website known that shows this dial. We need a better photo.
Alain Ferreira’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Alain Ferreira.

Dial 386
The Book Dial
Designer: E.Vilaplana (signed)
Artist: Venissieux-R (signed)
Date: 1990
Original Location: Lat: 45° 25’ N, Lon: 4° 45’ E. In St Alban du Rhone, France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: vertical. Declines slightly to the West of South
Size: unknown
Adornment: dial looks like a book with unidentifiable artwork
Mottos: “Omni Hora Deum Lauda” (trans:?)
Inscriptions: coordinates and other small unreadable inscriptions
Condition: unknown
Comments: No website known that shows this dial.
Alain Ferreira’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Alain Ferreira.

Dial 387
The Vignerno Dial
Designer: M. Vilaplana (signed)
Artist: M. Vilaplana (signed)
Date: 1991
Original Location: Lat: 44° 03’ N, Lon: 5° 02’ E. In Vignerno France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines slightly to the east of south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: grape bunches in upper corners, countryside landscape at bottom, declination lines labeled with the stages of grape growing
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: “Domaine de La Font dou Teule”
Condition: unknown
Comments: No website known that shows this dial.
Alain Ferreira’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Alain Ferreira.

Dial 388
The Time Fountain Dial
Designer: possibly by E.Vilaplana (signature in lower left is unreadable)
Artist: possibly by Venissieux-R (signature in lower left is unreadable)
Date: unknown
Original Location: Lat: 45° 35’ N; Lon: 5° 08’ E. In Vilfontaine France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines slightly to the east of south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: borders of decorative leaves and fruit, Saturn, zodiacal signs, a lions head sculpture at the base of the gnomon spigot
Mottos: “Hora Vera Aqua Clara” (True Time Clear Water)
Inscriptions: “Fons Temporis” (Time Fountain)
Condition: unknown
Comments: No website known that shows this dial. This is a most lovely, interesting and functional sundial! The angled copper water spigot of the fountain doubles as the gnomon of the sundial
Alain Ferreira’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Alain Ferreira.

Dial 389
The Binary Notation Dial
Designer: E.Vilaplana (signed)
Artist: possibly by Venissieux-R (signed)
Date: 1993
Original Location: Lat: 5° 29’ N, Lon: 0° 00’. At unknown place in London England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines slightly to the east of south
Size: unknown
Adornment: shields of Lyon, London & York, compass rosette, zodiacal signs, ribbon
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: times of noon in world cities, coordinates, “In Honorem J.M. Jacqard 1752-1834, G. Boole 1815-1864, C Babbage 1792-1871, 1993 London”
Condition: unknown
Comments: No website known that shows this dial. Dial shows the innovative use of binary notation to signify the hours. Jaquard invented a card-programmed weaving loom in the 19th century that could incorporate complex patterns in multiple colors. His card designs and concept became the basis for IBMs punch-card system, many years later. George Boole did pioneering work in binary logic and numbering systems. Charles Babbage created two huge mechanical computational engines. The first, the Difference Engine, was completed and was designed to simplify the creation of tables of trig functions and logarithms. His later work, the Analytical Engine was never really completed, although large sections were built. It was to be a true stored-program general purpose computer- in the 1870's! His "programmer", the mathematician Augusta Ada Lady Lovelace, the daughter of the English poet Lord Byron, was almost equally famous...
Alain Ferreira’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Alain Ferreira.

Dial 390
The Faux Wood Dial
Designer: possibly by E. Vilaplana (unsigned)
Artist: possibly by Venissieux-R (unsigned)
Date: 2001
Original Location: Location: unknown place in France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines near or at south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: ceramic dial painted to look like a slice of wood from a tree trunk
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: “2001”
Condition: unknown
Comments: No website known that shows this dial. This fooled me when I first saw it. If you look closely you can see that it is sculpted and painted to look like real wood.
Alain Ferreira’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Alain Ferreira.

Dial 391
The Astrolabis Dial
Designer and Glass Artisan: Brian Albinson, member of the North American Sundial Society
Date: 2007
Original Location: at home of Brian Albinson’s son in Silverdale, Staffordshire England, Lat: 53° N. Lon: 2 ° W.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: 28 x 42 cm (11 x 17 in)
Adornment: a Medieval Astronomer/Astrologist holding an Astrolabe, copied from a series Mr. Albinson found on the web.
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is Mr. Albinson's fourth stained glass sundial. Both the cartoon and the characters are done in outlining black and fired at 1250° F. The hole is for the gnomon when the dial is mounted in a window panel. All the hour lines pass through the center of the Astrolabe. Brian Albinson told me: “I used to have problems with Roman lettering, it is not practical to use stencils with Roman font; but I discovered a technique which involves roughly brushing on the lining black, letting it dry, and then carving the characters using a cork backed steel straight edge and reground Exacto blades. It is time consuming and the most difficult characters are the ones with curves, but with care you can get near perfect results.”
Brian Albinson’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Brian Albinson.

Dial 392
The Dalek Dial
Delineator: Probably delineated by Brian Albinson
Designer: designed by Susan Albinson who was only 15 years old!
Glazier: Susan Albinson did the glazing with guidance from her grandfather, Brian Albinson.
Date: 2007
Original Location: at home of Brian Albinson’s son in Staffordshire England, Lat: 53° N. Lon: 2.26 ° W.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: 30 x 38 cm (12 x 15 in)
Adornment: a cartoon done in fused COE 96 glass, fired at 1450° F. Characters in Rausch Lining Black and fired at 1200° F.
Mottos: ‘DALEKS VINCIT OMNIA’ (DALEKS CONQUER ALL)
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is Susan's first effort at stained glass, she was responsible for 75% of the work. Daleks are the evil aliens in the British television series called “Doctor Who”.
Brian Albinson’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Brian Albinson. Photo ‘a’ is the original photo. Photo ‘b’ is a photoshopped version that corrects perspective distortion.

Dial 393
The Dunalastair Dial
Maker: unsigned but attributed to John Oliver (1616-1701)
Date: supposedly about 1672
Original Location: in home of Alexander Robertson, 12th Chief of Clan Robertson in Dunalastair Scotland, about 33 miles northwest of Perth.
Present Location: rescued from fire at Dunalastair in 1745. Its current whereabouts is unknown. It is lost or hidden at an unknown location.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 18° 50’ east of south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: a daddy long legs and a fly (quite similar to those on the Weavers Company Dial by John Oliver)
Mottos: none on sundial. On heraldic shield- “Virtutis Gloria Merces” (Glory is the Reward of Valour)
Condition: unknown
Comments: we are looking for more information and better photos of this dial. This Information is from the Mr. Daniel’s article below.
Article by Christopher Daniel: (Dec 2004) McGregor's Leap. The Sundial Page, "Clocks" Vol. unknown
Wikipedia Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Christopher Daniel © C StJ H D and are photocopied and photoshopped from his article, “Mcgregor’s Leap” (see link above). It is unknown from where Mr. Daniel obtained these photographs. Left photo above shows sundial, right photo shows the Heraldic Arms of Robertson of Struan.

Dial 394
The Sunburst Dawn Dial
Designer and Glass Artisan: Richard Burling of Azira Design in Buckinghamshire England
Date: October, 2006
Original Location: Lat: 52.02° N; Lon: 0.86° W. At private residence in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire England
Present Location: Private residence in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire England
Orientation: Vertical. Declines either 18° 50’ east of south or 24° east of south.
Size: 77 x 57 cm (30 x 22.4 in)
Adornment: A handsome easy to read dial. Makers name is engraved in structural lead work.
Condition: As new in Oct 2007
Comments: The gnomon is bolted to a metal plate to prevent glass breakage. Gnomon offset is 17.6°, angle of gnomon in front of shadow plane is 34.2°. Azira Design is one of the only modern professional stained glass companies in the world which offers stained glass sundials as part of their regular product line. We wish them success.
Photo& Information: courtesy of Richard Burling. Sent to us by him in Oct 2007.
Azira Design Website: Here
Azira Design Location Website: Here
Azira Design’s Email: Here
Tel: 01908 691064, (mobile): 07876 337101
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Richard Burling. Sent to us by him in Oct 2007.

Dial 395
The Swimming Pool Dial
Designer & Mosaic Artisan: architetto Giuseppe Ferlenga
Date: begun in 2000, finished in 2001
Original Location: Lat: 45° 34’ N; Lon: 10° 34’ E. Installed next to a swimming pool in Rivoli Veronese (Verona) Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: horizontal
Size: 2 m (6.5 ft)
Adornment: Pool steps follow the design of the dial’s hourlines.
Mottos: III millenio (3rd Millennium)
Condition: excellent in 2007
Comments: Information is courtesy of Giuseppe Ferlenga. Dial is made from various types of marble. The Sundial is part of a swimming pool.
Tiscali Website: Here
Giuseppe Ferlenga Website: Here
Giuseppe Ferlenga’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Giuseppe Ferlenga sent to us in 2007.

Dial 396
The West Lindfield Dial
Maker: Charles Eamer Kempe (1837-1907), highly eminent stained glass artist in the late 19th century. His firm in the south of England near Brighton, Sussex, produced a large number of windows for cathedrals and churches worldwide, including the USA.
Date: 1893
Original Location: On the West wall of The Dial Room (Kempe’s bedroom) at Old Place in Lindfield Sussex England. According to a “Country Life” magazine article dated 23rd May 1903, Pages 666 – 669, it states on pg. 669: “In the largest room (Kempe’s bedroom), which is known as the Dial Room, there is an interesting revival of a very old custom - the placing of a sundial on a window pane.” According to page 423 of Mrs. Alfred Gatty's "Book of sun-Dials" she confirms that it was located at Mr. Kempe's home at Old Place in Lindfield along with two other stained glass sundials.
Present Location: unknown. It’s possibly at its original location, but is probably not still there since Philip Pattenden says that it was restored in 1920 then sold.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines west of south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: The window dial is quite detailed, and the artwork is quite similar to the South Southwest Lindfield dial. We have not identified the scenes depicted in the upper left and right glass panes. Like the South Southwest Lindfield Dial, it has four signs of the zodiac on the lower panes surrounding the inscription, but they are different ones - the ram, the bull, the heavenly twins, and the crab. This leads us to believe that the lost 3rd Sundial from the Dial Room probably had the remaining four signs of the Zodiac, and that the lost 3rd Dial probably looks similar to the other two.
Inscription: Latin inscription on bottom center pane: "Nulli optabilis, Dabilur mora, Irrevocabilis, Labitur bora, Ne sis inutilis, Semper labora, Neve sis fotilis, Vigila ora". This inscription is translated into English on the adjoining South Southwest window. (See Dial 156).
Mottos: No motto is clearly visible, but there is some illegible text in the upper left and right panes.
Condition: unknown. But Pattenden said that it was restored in 1920 then sold. The almost vertical thick black line on the dial face in the top center pane might be a crack in the glass that was re-leaded during a restoration.
Comments: We deeply are indebted to Dr. Robert Berger, Geoffrey Lane, John Davis and David Brown for researching and providing the most of the information here. Page 423 of Mrs. Gatty's " The Book of Sun-dials" says: "In addition to the pillar dial Mr. Kempe, the owner of Old Place, Lindfield, has placed a vertical dial on the stable and three window dials on the house." In the article by Pattenden "A Pelican in Sussex" in History Today, 9/1982, he confirms that these three window dials were formerly located in the Dial Room at Old Place in Lindfield. The "Sunday Chronicle" (Aug 1896) reported: "Mr. Kempe has approximately a dozen sundials in his garden and his house. Most remarkably, he has set up several in such a way that he can tell the time from his bed. Indeed three of his sundials have been set up in the windows and so arranged that they indicate the time on the glass of the window. Each window showed the signs of the zodiac on the four lower panes. In the west window was the inscription: "Nec Sol, nec Umbra" (So little sun, just so little shade), along with the date 1893. The morning dial (Behrendt's catalogue number 47) indicates the hours from 3 to 10, while the southwest dial (No 48) shows the hours 7-12-6. These panes were restored around 1920, and later sold.” We need more information and better photos of this lost dial and for someone to arrange a visit to Old Place in Lindfield to investigate, measure and photograph this dial and the other two lost stained glass dials if they still exist there. If they aren’t there, where are they?
Reference in Mrs. Alfred Gatty's "Book of Sun-Dials": Here
Lindfield Website: Here
‘History Today’ Website: Here
Old Place Photo Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo was copied from "A Pelican in Sussex" in ‘History Today’ and has been enhanced by Photoshop.

Dial 397
The Lute Player Dial
Designer, Glazier, Glass Painter: unknown.
Date: 20th century according to Drew Pritchard Ltd, but might be older.
Original Location: unknown place in The United Kingdom, probably England, but possibly Wales.
Present Location: unknown. Last known location in late 2007 was at Drew Pritchard Ltd. at Llanrwst Road, Glan Conwy, Conwy, LL28 5TH, Wales, United Kingdom. Drew Pritchard Ltd. sold it to an unknown buyer for an unknown location in The United Kingdom in early 2008. We have not attempted to investigate where this dial is now located, but we may do so in the future.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: Approximately 26.5 x 38 cm (10.4 x 15 in)
Adornment: Classical style attractive painted panel with lute-playing arcadian style musician in centre and the latin inscription across top. Artistic style is similar to classical 18th and 19th century English stained glass sundials. This dial is quite similar to a 21st century dial- Dial 465 in our Image Archive. This might be the original inspiration for that dial. See link below.
Mottos: "Nil Extra Numerum" (Nothing Out of Time) is the motto of the Randall family and features on their Coats of Arms.
Condition: Good -as reported by Drew Pritchard website in late 2007.
Comments: In late 2007 the Drew Pritchard website featured a page about this dial that offered this dial for sale and said: “This piece can be resized to your requirements (at additional cost).” It also provided the copyrighted photo and limited information posted here. It is uncertain if this is an original dial or a reproduction. John Carmichael guesses that this might be an original domestic (English) sundial. The dial was sold by Drew Pritchard in early 2008 to an unknown buyer and it has been removed from the Drew Pritchard website. We need more information and a better photo of this nice dial.
Drew Pritchard Ltd Website: Here
Photo Enlargement Webpage: Here
Dial 465: Here
Drew Pritchard Ltd Webmaster’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of Drew Pritchard and copied from their website.

Dial 398
The Heavenly Munich Dial
Delineator & Maker: unknown
Date: unknown date in 20th Century
Original Location: unknown building in Munich Germany
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declination-unknown, but close to south,
Size: unknown
Adornment: a modernistic design of the sun with rays, the moon and stars.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: unknown. Probably still good
Comments: We’d like to know more about this dial
Robert Sylvester’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo taken in 1996 and sent to us by Robert Sylvester in 2007.

Dial 399
The Parma Italy Dial
Designer & Mosaic Artisan: architetto Giuseppe Ferlenga
Date: finished 31 December 1999
Original Location: On sundial it says: “Lat: 44° 42' 23" N, Lon: 10° 12' 55" E”. in Salabaganza (Parma) Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: horizontal
Size: 12 m (39 ft)
Adornment: Eight types of different marbles have been employed. All numbers and inscriptions were done with set-joint of two marbles. Compass rosette in center. Date, Lat. & Long.
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent in 2007
Comments: Information is courtesy of Giuseppe Ferlenga. The buyer who commissioned the dial wanted it to be completed on Dec. 31 1999 so that it would be the last important sundial of the second millennium. It appears that there is a working weathervane in the center attached to the top of the gnomon with a shaft that connects to the wind direction arrow which is just above a compass rosette on the face. More photos are on the website below
Giuseppe Ferlenga Website: Here
Giuseppe Ferlenga’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Giuseppe Ferlenga sent to us in 2007.

Dial 401
The Grapevine River of Life Dial
Delineator: Aleksandr Boldyrev
Artist: Elena F. Vasilevskay
Date: 2008
Original Location: at unknown location in Moscow Russia
Present Location: at unknown location in Moscow Russia
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown exactly. About 30 cm (1 ft)
Adornment: sculpted fired porcelain ceramic dial painted with the grapevine river of life and an Equation of Time with gold leaf
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: excellent in 2008
Comments: This beautiful dial apparently is Russia’s first porcelain sundial. Read the fascinating article below that describes in detail how this dial was made. Article is courtesy of the BSS and the authors.
Article by Elena F. Vasilevskay and Aleksandr Boldyrev: ©(2008) Making Porcelain Sundials. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 20(ii), June 2008. 68-72
Sundials.ru Website: Here
Vasilevskaya’s Email: Here
Boldyrev’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Elena F. Vasilevskay and Aleksandr Boldyrev.

Dial 402
The Happy Time Dial
Delineator: Manuel Pastor
Ceramic Artist: Manuel Pastor
Date: 1971
Original Location: on the wall of a building adjacent to the windmill roundabout on the sea front at Benalmadena Costa in southern Spain
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: vertical. Declines in a southwesterly direction
Size: unknown
Adornment: a smiling sun face, a scroll, clouds
Mottos: “Es la Hora de Ser Feliz” (It’s Time to be Happy)
Inscriptions: “Manuel Pastor-Ceramicista-Gnomonista-Benalmadena Costa”
Condition: excellent in 2008
Comments: No website known that shows this dial. We’d like to find out exactly where this is located.
Robert Sylvester’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Robert Sylvester (2008).

Dial 403
The Santa Maria Maggiore Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown. Possibly Gim Bonzani since the photo was on his website.
Date: begun in 2003, completed in 2006
Original Location: on stone wall of little building at unknown place in Santa Maria Maggiore VB Italy
Orientation: Inclination: vertical. Declination: declines to the East of South
Size: unknown
Adornment: Solar Noon "hanging bell"
Mottos: maybe
Inscriptions: There are inscriptions, but they are not readable from looking at this poor photo.
Condition: unknown
Comments: Made of unbreakable clear glass with etched lines and markings. It indicates the true Solar Time (hours and half hours from the 6:30 am to the 14 pm) with a mean time analemma for 12 noon. It has an equinox and the winter solstice line. Has an aperture disk gnomon. Carmichael says that since the glass is clear and not frosted or opalescent, that the shadow of the gnomon disk and its spot of light will unfortunately not be visible unless it falls on the etched parts. The numerals are not reversed as is common with these types of dials, meaning that the dial is meant to be read from the sunny gnomon side of the dial. Photo from website below. We need better photos and more information.
Gim Bonzani Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is copied from website above.

Dial 404
The Manuel Raspall Dial
Designer & Maker: Manuel Raspall
Date: 1910
Original Location: Home of Juli Barbey and Poinsard (la Garriga-Vallès Oriental-Catalunya), Spain
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines slightly east of south.
Size: approximately 1.8 x 1.5 m (71 x 59 in)
Adornment: smiling sun, leaves and flowers- typical modernist decorations.
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: probably good
Comments: very handsome!
Tiscali Website: Here
Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.5 License: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘c’ is copied from website above and is by ca-user-amadalvarez taken in 2007. licensed by the copyright holder under the Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.5 License below. In short: you are free to share and make derivative works of the file under the conditions that you appropriately attribute it, and that you distribute it only under a license identical to the one above. Other photos were taken by Conista Bou Vilalta in 2009 and sent to us by her.

Dial 405
The Parque de María Luisa Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: Glorieta del Reloj. Plaza de América, Parque de María Luisa in Sevilla Spain
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: decorative hand–painted multicolored ornate designs of plants, animals, flowers, people, smiling suns, and scrollwork.
Inscriptions: present, but hard to read in photo.
Mottos: none
Condition: looks pretty good, but needs cleaning. Gnomon looks a little bent.
Comment: very handsome!
Wikipedia Commons Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is by Lobillo (2007) and was copied from website above. The copyright holder of this work released it into the public domain. This applies worldwide. In case this is not legally possible, he grants anyone the right to use this work for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.

Dial 406
The Kamienica Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown
Date: probably 1969 since the number ’69’ is on the dial face.
Original Location: Kamienica w rogu rynku z zegarem. Poland
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines by unknown amount East of South
Size: unknown, but huge!
Adornment: zodiacal signs
Inscriptions: "XXV ROK POLSKI LUDOEJ"
Mottos: none
Condition: probably good
Comments: We need better photos and more information on this magnificent dial.
Wikimedia Website: Here
Wikimedia Commons License: Here
Flikr Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo 'a' is by Macdriver (Bartek Wawraszko) in 2005 and copied from Wikimedia website below. Photo 'b' by kasmil/Krystyna and copied from Flickr website. Photo 'a' is used under terms of Wikipedia Commons license above. Photo 'b' does not require permission.

Dial 407
The Miami Children's Museum Dial
Designer & Maker: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: MacArthur Causeway at The Miami Children's Museum, Watson Island, Miami Florida USA
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: major diameter- 4.9 m (16 ft)
Adornment: a simple flaming sun design
Inscriptions: "Sun" and "Dial"
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown, probably good in 2008
Comments: We need better photos of this dial.
NASS Sundial Registry Website: Here
Children’s Museum Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are copied from The NASS online registry. This is dial #573 in the NASS online registry (Florida). From NASS Registry: "Attractive analemmatic in brightly colored mosaic tiles." We need better photos.

Dial 408
The Chabot Solar Color Projection Dial
Designer: Roger Berry
Maker: Roger Berry
Date of Construction: 1999
Original Location: attached to an exterior north wall of a building above an outdoor amphitheater at The Chabot Space and Science Center in Oakland California USA
Size: See the cross section drawing in link below
Orientation: equatorial
Materials: stainless steel, dichroic mirror stained glass, clear glass
Adornment: no extra embellishments, but the entire sundial looks like a modern art sculpture
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none. It is unknown if there is a user’s instruction plaque on site
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is a most unusual sundial. I know of no other sundial quite like it. I’m not sure how to classify it, but I suggest the term: “Equatorial Projection Dial”. Although its design makes it somewhat user-unfriendly, it was a brilliant stroke of genius from a scientific and educational point of view. (Read the sundial description PDF file below). Note the innovative concept of using overlapping glass pieces of two different colors that create light projections of a third color! You may recall from your high school physics class that this is called “color addition”. For example, if one side of the glass drum has yellow glass and the opposite side has blue glass, then when the sun shines through both of them, the projected image on the ground is green. There are also clear glass pieces in the drum. Dichroic glass was used because the transmitted colors are pure, and because it reflects primary additive colors. These reflections glisten at random throughout the theater. The glass drum is mounted on a polar axis gnomon at the drum’s center. As the sun rotates around it during the day, different alignments of these different glasses allow the user to tell hours and half hours from looking at the projected light of the drum on the ground. There are no hour numerals because the sundial was built with the intention of being a part of the science theater curriculum. The notion was that the students would learn to tell time with the clock. Roger Berry believes that hourly time is interesting but too well known to convey the great seasonal apparent motion of the sun and thinks the sculpture tells that story best. See PDF files below for details. The arched metal rings above the glass drum cast shadows on the ground that show the solstices. A solstice is indicated when a solstice arch shadow intersects the center of the glass drum’s shadow. Unfortunately, the lunch tent above the sculpture is installed each winter, eclipsing the sculpture for much of the year. Roger Berry no longer is actively building this sort of work. This design is copywrited by him and you will need his permission to build a similar devise.
Sundial Cross Section Drawing: Here
Sundial Amphitheater Description: Here
Chabot Science & Space Center Website: Here
Roger Berry Website: Here
Color Addition Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ sent to us by Bill Hetzel. You may copy this without his permission. Other photos courtesy of Chabot Space and Science Center, but please do not copy these without Chabot’s permission.

Dial 409
The Pharmacie Anglaise Dial
Designer & Maker: from www.gnomonica.be: "Project leader: Paul Saintenoy ?, Author of the sunDial: Silvio Tolomei"
Date: from www.gnomonica.be: "± 1895"
Original Location: from Thierry van Steenberghe: It is high up on the "Pharmacie Anglaise" at Coudenberg 66, 1000, Brussels Belgium (near the Royal Palace). This is a nice neo-gothic house which was built in 1895 on rue Montagne de la Cour at the corner of Coudenberg in central Brussels, for pharmacist, Charles Delacre, born 1826. It was designed by architect Paul Saintenoy who became famous for his "art nouveau" buildings, most notably the nearby steel frame department store "Old England" now refurbished as the Museum for Musical Instruments.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines by unknown amount towards the northwest.
Size: unknown, but quite large
Adornment: an owl with red eyes, a rooster, a sunburst with golden rays
Inscriptions: none visible
Mottos: none visible
Condition: restored at unknown date, but deteriorating quickly. Many tiles are missing in the lower right quadrant and upper left edges. Tiles are very dirty.
Comments: This is a mosaic dial of small tiles of venetian glass. This important dial needs immediate restoration to save it! Please contact the authorities in Brussels to help us persuade them.
Coudenberg Map: Here
360 Degree View Website: Here
Gnomonica.be Website: Here
Kerrin Kastorf Website: Here
Willy Leenders Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: These photos were taken between 2004 and 2008 and are used here with permission of photographers: Kerrin Kastorf, Mike Isaacs, Willy Leenders, and Thierry van Steenberghe. Thanks to these people and to Patrick Powers for their information and photos. Please ask photographers for permission to use their photos.

Dial 410
The Campbell-Stokes Sunshine Recorder
Designers: invented by John Francis Campbell, modified by Sir George Gabriel Stokes.
Makers: Kelvin, Bottomley and Baird Ltd. Glasgow and London England
Date: invented in 1853, modified in 1879. Dial in photo 'a': 1913-1941. Other dials are different ages.
Original Location: made in England
Present Location: unknown. The different dials shown are all in different locations
Orientation: equatorial
Size: 23 x 23 x 25.5 cm (9 x 9 x 10 in). The glass sphere is typically 10 cm (4 in) in diameter
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Inscription: The different dials shown are all have different inscriptions.
Condition: The different dials shown are all in different conditions.
Comments: Information is from website below. Made from brass, glass and paper. Glass sphere focuses sun’s rays onto a curved card mounted at the back on a stand. Burned line on paper card records the hours of bright sunshine. Around sunrise and sunset when the sun is lower in the sky, the light burns a scorch mark on the card which may be difficult to see at the ends. This is not a true sundial, but I included it anyway just because it’s made of glass and uses the sun. j.c.
Wikipedia Website: Here
John Francis Campbell Wikipedia Website: Here
Sir George Gabriel Stokes Wikipedia Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are copied from Wikipedia websites.

Dial 411
The Fountain of the Hours Dial
Designers: Mario Arnaldi and Gianni Ferrari
Maker: Mario Arnaldi
Date of Installation: 2001
Original Location: Garden of the Thermal Baths at Cervia, Ravenna, Italy
Dial Type Classification: This is one of those unique unusual dials that is difficult to classify. There are no other known sundials quite like this. When I asked Mario Arnaldi, he said: "Who knows? I didn't classify it, I just invented in this way." The author of the BSS Sundial Glossary, BSS dialist John Davis said: "This one strikes me as a version of an hour plane dial in that each hour has a separate projection system. It doesn't fit any of the standard classes used by the museum world so I suggest you might just go with a descriptive tag. How about "Projection Hour Plane Dial"?"
Size: approximately 2 x 3 m (78.7 x 118 in)
Adornment: Mosaics in the water and on the body of the fountain, on the top edge a sculptured frieze with pyramidal holes, long windows at his back and little rounded windows at his front, shells attached all around, two faces at his front.
Mottos: in the water "Sal Sol Salus" (Salt, Sun, Health)
Inscriptions: On the Dial: "Lumina rotunda mensuram faciunt diei - M.Armaldi me invenit ac delineavit ad MMI"
Condition: good in 2008
Comments: The sun light pass through the narrow window slots on the back wall and illuminates the opalescent stained glass in the little rounded windows on the concave inner part on the front of the dial.
Article by Gianni Ferrari: (Sep 2004) Sundials with Punctiform Hour Lines "The Compendium" Vol. 11 Number 3 ISSN 1074-3197 The North American Sundial Society.
Mario Arnaldi’s Email: Here
Gianni Ferrari’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ to ‘e’ are courtesy of John Carmichael. Photo ‘f’ is courtesy of Mike Shaw and is of a visit by the British Sundial Society in 2004. Anybody may use these photos.

Dial 412
The Heath Dial
Designer & Maker: Dale Heath, designer and maker. Roger Smith Signs, Guernsey, carried out the printing.
Date: 2006
Original Location: Lat: 49° 27’ 11” N, Lon: 2° 33’ 12” W. At home of Mr. G B (Dale) Heath (tel 01481 720832)- Le Pré (behind "La Niche"), Rue à L’Or, St Peter Port, Guernsey, GY1 1OG. Guernsey is a Channel Island and a Crown Dependency, and not part of the UK.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 1.25º east of south.
Size: 70 x 48 cm (27.6 x 18.9 in)
Adornment: none
Mottos: "Sol constans est dum terra mondet." (The Sun is Constant while the Earth Moves.)
Inscriptions: “Le Pre.” Longitude (49° 27’ 11” N) and latitude (2° 33’ 12” W)”. Noon analemma.
Condition: excellent
Comments: Information is courtesy of David Le Conte. Access- Private. Visible from road. Contact owner for full access. Dial is printed on transparent film, mounted on frosted glass. Copper aperture plate mounted on gnomon. The owner advises that the wall on which the sundial is mounted (and which was built with the sundial in mind) was intended to be orientated exactly east-west, so that the dial could be a direct south-facing one. However, he found that this produced an unacceptable non-symmetry in the dial design, so he had the wall built at an azimuth of 90º less half the longitude. The dial therefore declines east by 1 1/4º.
David Le Conte Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is courtesy of David Le Conte.

Dial 413
The Needle Dial
Makers and Designers: The Smith Group Architects and Larry Kirkland, accomplished metal and glass artist. He also designed Keck Center’s interesting lobby.
Date of Installation: 2002
Original Location: suspended by steel cables from the high skylight in the atrium at the Keck Center National Academies building in Washington DC, USA
Orientation: The needle is horizontal and points north.
Size: Needle- 3’ x 3’ x 60’. Two Cones (height x diameter)- 8’ x 5’
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: excellent in 2009
Comments: Although the Flickr website calls this a sundial, it is not a traditional true sundial with time or date markings. It is simply a needle-shaped gnomon-like sculpture that casts ever-changing colorful light beams around the atrium of the building. I am including it here because I’m inspired by its innovative design and I think that the idea of using stained glass in a gnomon is a good design concept that should be used in the future for a real sundial. j.c. The needle is a three-sided elongated needle-like pyramid made from a steel and aluminum framework glazed with dichroic stained glass. Mr Kirkland says this about it: “Two floors above the entry lobby is an eleven-story, light-filled atrium.  A dining room, research library, and credit union make this space a central gathering area for staff and conference attendants.  A dichroic glass Needle suspended eleven floors above the atrium dining room is pointed directly north.  This sculpture refers to one of the most basic subjects of scientific inquiry throughout history: the careful observation and measurement of time and location. The changing spectrum of colored light created by the micro-thin chemical layers of the dichroic glass is projected onto the walls and floor of the atrium, shifting and changing as the earth rotates. The two mirrored cones are at the top and bottom of the spiral atrium stair at the interior of the spiral.  Dubbed the “viral staircase” by the NAS President, the reflected spiral appears to continue on into infinity, up through the skylight and down through the floor. These two sculptures suggest the ongoing investigation of science, medicine, and engineering to distinguish what is true from what is illusion.”
Flickr Website: Here
National Academies Website: Here
Larry Kirkland’s Website: Here
Larry Kirkland’s Email: Here
Creative Commons License: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is courtesy of Avelino Maestas from the flickr website and is used following the terms of the Creative Commons License (see website above). Photos ‘b’ to ‘g’ are courtesy of the National Academies and Larry Kirkland. To find more photos of the sculpture on Larry Kirkland’s website, move your cursor over the photos on his Home page until the “National Academy of Science Research Council/Washington DC” text appears at the bottom of the page, then click on photo and go to #7, second block. Here you can see many more photos of the atrium showing the needle, the walls, and the ground.  There are photos that show the shadow and the projected colored lightshow from the needle on the walls and the floor.  The floor is the cafeteria and is covered with tables and chairs. 

Dial 414
The Wedding Tower Dial
Makers and Designers: unknown.
Date of Installation: unknown for sure. Probably made in the 20th century because tower was built in 1908.
Original Location: Sundial is on the south side of the Hochzeitsturm (Wedding Tower) at the Mathildenhöhe in Darmstadt, Germany.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown exactly, but it is big and covers two levels of the tower. I’m guessing that the little mosaic tiles are the standard size of one centimeter. By counting the number of them in a straight line, I estimate that the dial is about 3.1 meters tall (10 ft) and 2.1 meters wide (8 ft). j.c.
Adornment: The inset circles represent the 12 signs of the zodiac.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: The German text is a poem by Rudolph Binding, and is a reflection on the transient character of life. It reads- “DER TAG GEHT ÜBER MEIN GESICHT, DIE NACHT SIE TASTET LEIS VORBEI, UND TAG UND NACHT EIN GLEICHGEWICHT, UND NACHT UND TAG EIN EINERLEI, UND EWIG KREIST DIE SCHATTENSCHRIFT, LEBLANG STEHST DU IM DUNKLEN SPIEL, BIS DICH DES SPIELES DEUTUNG TRIFFT, DIE ZEIT IST UM DU BIST AM ZIEL”.
Condition: excellent in 2008
Comments: Information is courtesy of Neil Gallop (2008). This is a fantastic mosaic sundial! A lot of work must have gone into making it.
Wedding Tower Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Super high resolution photo (3 MB) is courtesy of Neil Gallop © All rights reserved. It is from the flickr website and is used with his special written permission. Please do not use his copywrited photo without his written permission. (see his Flickr site above for contact information). Photo ‘b’ is from Google Earth.

Dial 415
The Lloc Nou de Saint Jeroni Dial
Delineator: notable Spanish dialist, Joan Olivares
Ceramic Artist: constructed by Rafael Amorós and Joan Olivares
Date: unknown
Original Location: Lloc Nou de Saint Jeroni in Valencia Spain.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is an interesting vertical ring sundial made from ceramic ‘trencadís’.
Joan Olivares Website: Here
Otos Valencia Map Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘b’ and ‘c’ were sent to us by Joan Olivares. Photo ‘a’ is a cropped version of photo ‘b’

Dial 416
The Cardedeu Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: Marbel
Date: unknown
Original Location: Carretera de Cànoves s/n, km 0.2- Cardedeu, Catalonia, Spain
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines by unknown amount, but it might be due south from looking at the photo.
Size: unknown
Adornment: This is a colorful modernistic design with stylized nuns, dove, trees, moon, and earth.
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comment: We need better high resolution photos of this dial.
Gnomonica Website: Here
Conxita Bou Vilalta’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is from the gnomonica.cat website and was sent to us by Conxita Bou Vilalta in 2009. Photo is used with permission from gnomonica.cat. Please do not copy this photo without permission.

Dial 417
The Casa Terrades Dial
Delineator: Puig i Cadafalch, J.
Ceramic Artist: unknown
Date: 1905
Original Location: Casa Terrades (better known as "Casa de les Punxes"), Barcelona Catalonia Spain
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south
Size: unknown
Adornment: Gothic lettering, border of green leaves, three signs of the zodiac, frowning sun
Mottos: ‘Nunquam te crastina fallet hora’
Condition: excellent
Comment: A very nice dial.
Photo ‘a’ Flickr Website: Here
Photo ‘b’ Flickr Website: Here
Creative Commons Licence Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is by Eddy Van and we copied it from the Flickr website and is used with permission from the author under the terms of the Creative Commons License above. Photo ‘b’ is by Jaume Meneses and used with his permission.

Dial 418
The Farmer and Fisherman Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: unknown. We’d love to find out the name of this talented artist.
Date: 1920
Original Location: Sant Feliu de Guíxols, Girona, Catalonia Spain. Located at number 40 of "Passeig del Mar", this house of a wealthy industrialist Rafael Patxot was built between 1917 and 1920 by architect Albert John i Torner. It is the most important preserved and luxurious manor house of the city. For long time, the house hosted a Patxot-owned astronomical observatory. It now houses the Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Navigation of Sant Feliu de Guixols.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines towards the southeast by unknown amount.
Size: more than 8 meters (26 ft) wide, and different heights
Adornment: This is a true work of art with a farmer and a fisherman and beautiful scrollwork designed to fit the shape of the building’s ornate facade.
Inscriptions: ‘ANO 1920’
Mottos: ‘LO RITME VAN SEGVINT DE LES ESTRELLES’
Condition: very good, but with a few small chips in a couple of tiles.
Comment: I think this is one of the most beautiful ceramic dials in the world. Conxita Bou Vilalta in 2009 told us that it is extremely difficult to photograph because of the growth of trees nearby. Our compliments to Anne Guillamot the photographer.
Anne Guillamot’s Flickr Website: Here
Montse Poch’s Flickr Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is by Anne Guillamot (Hannah on Flickr) in 2007, and we copied it from the Flickr website. Photo ‘b’ is a cropped version of photo ‘a’. © All rights reserved by Anne Guillamot (Hannah on Flickr). She gave us permission to use it here. Photo ‘c’ is by Montse Poch, © All rights reserved, and is used with permission.

Dial 419
The Beniatar Dial
Delineator: notable Spanish dialist, Joan Olivares
Ceramic Artist: Fina Batolomé
Date: 1997
Original Location: on a farmhouse in the town of Beniatar in Valencia Spain.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines southwest by unknown amount.
Size: unknown
Adornment: sunface and grape harvesters in a simple design.
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: none
Joan Olivares Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ was sent to us by Joan Olivares.

Dial 420
The Toledo Clock Tower Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: unknown.
Date: unknown
Original Location: unknown place in old part of Toledo Spain
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south
Size: unknown
Adornment: smiling sun face and a clock tower
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comment: Appears to have been made using a photographic technique.
Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is by Márcio Cabral de Moura and was copied with his permission from Flickr website above. All sizes of this photo are available for download under a Creative Commons license.

Dial 421
The Auvray Lespignan Dial
Delineator: Joseph Auvray at Atelier Acacia
Ceramic Artist: Joseph Auvray at Atelier Acacia
Date: 2008
Original Location: at unknown place in France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines by towards the northwest by unknown amount.
Size: 1 x .75 m. (39 x 29 in)
Adornment: Birds, grapes, zodiac symbols, solar eclipse, unknown symbols.
Mottos: ‘UTRIQUE FIDELIS CAELO ET DOMILUMINEM SOLIS RE SI SOL MI’
Condition: excellent
Comment: none
Atelier Acacia Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is from the Atelier Acacia Website. Photo is used with permission from Atelier Acacia. Please do not copy this photo without permission.

Dial 422
The Toledo Balloon Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: unknown.
Date: unknown
Original Location: unknown place in old part of Toledo Spain
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines south
Size: unknown
Adornment: smiling sun face and a hot air Balloon
Inscriptions: none‘
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comment: Appears to have been made using a photographic technique.
Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is by Márcio Cabral de Moura and was copied with his permission from Flickr website above. All sizes of this photo are available for download under a Creative Commons license.

Dial 423
The Vimercate Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: unknown.
Date: unknown
Original Location: on Via Cavour in Vimercate (Mi) Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines east of south by unknown amount
Size: unknown
Adornment: a pastoral scene of a town in Italy
Inscriptions: yes
Mottos: yes
Condition: excellent
Comment: none
Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is by Marsala Florio and was copied with permission from Flickr website above. Please do not copy this photo without permission.

Dial 424
The L’amore Che Resta Dial
Delineator: Johannes Carta, Vincentias Milazzo
Ceramic Artist: Nicla Spinella Capua
Date: 1986
Original Location: in Collina Livornese (Collesalvetti) Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines west of south by unknown amount
Size: unknown
Adornment: pastoral scenes, flowers and birds
Inscriptions: L’amore che resta
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comment: none
Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is by Pietro Columba and was copied with his permission from Flickr website above. All sizes of this photo are available for download under a Creative Commons license.

Dial 425
The La storia Che Cambia Dial
Delineator: Johannes Carta
Ceramic Artist: Maria Concetta Capua
Date: 1988
Original Location: unknown place in (Collesalvetti) Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines east of south by unknown amount
Size: unknown
Adornment: pastoral scenes
Inscriptions: La storia che cambia
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comment: none
Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is by Pietro Columba and was copied with his permission from Flickr website above. All sizes of this photo are available for download under a Creative Commons license.

Dial 426
The Io Sono il Tempo Che Passa Dial
Delineator: Johannes Carta, Vincentias Milazzo
Ceramic Artist: Maria Concetta Capua
Date: 1982
Original Location: unknown place in Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines far northwest of south by unknown amount
Size: unknown
Adornment: colorful pastures and farmland
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comment: none
Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is by Pietro Columba and was copied with his permission from Flickr website above. All sizes of this photo are available for download under a Creative Commons license.

Dial 427
The Human Horizontal Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: unknown.
Date: 2000
Original Location: Lat: 51° 31’, lon: 0” 0’. Inside ampitheater at Aberfeldy Millenium Green in London England
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal
Size: 4 meters square
Adornment: zodiac signs
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent, but gets covered in silt after rains.
Comment: This is a rare a hand painted interactive human shadow ceramic dial. It does not have a traditional gnomon. It works by the observer standing on an ' observer-height' scale so that the top of their head lies at the same point as would a sloping gnomon with its root at the confluence of the hour lines. According to the BSS records: “Horizontal dial where a human standing on a scale of heights allows the tip of the head of the observer to be positioned on the imaginary style of the dial. Shows 7am to 7pm in hours BST (ie Daylight Saving Time). Black height scale on hand painted tiles. Zodiac signs indicate 'date' at noon for a person of 5ft 6ins.” It was designed mainly for use by children. According to Patrick Powers- “There are only two or three in the UK like this as far as I know and this is one.” This is SRN 5056 in the UK Register. Thanks to Patrick Powers for the photos and the information
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is by John Moirand (2001) and was copied with his permission from The British Sundial Society Register. In this photo, the shadow of the person’s head tells the time- 2pm in this photo. Photo ‘b’ is a photocopy of the BSS records. Please do not copy this photo without permission from Mr. Moirland

Dial 428
The Paderno Dugnano Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: unknown.
Date: 2001
Original Location: on via Monte Santo in Paderno Dugnano (MI) Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines west of south by unknown amount
Size: unknown
Adornment: birds and flowers
Inscriptions: 2001
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comment: none
Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is by Matilde Lamperti and was copied with her permission from Flickr website above.

Dial 429
The Scotch College Dial
Delineators: Dr. Margaret Folkard and John Ward. Sundial Workshop/Solar Lab - 3/27 Barndioota Road, Salisbury Plain  (Adelaide) SA 5109, Australia. Ph & Fax:  (08) 8285.4099. Home Office - 20 Gladstone Ave, Kilburn (Adelaide) SA 5084. Phone: (08) 8359.8337
Ceramic Artist and Painter: Jan Milton
Stained Glass Glazier: Ron Sutton (now deceased)
Date: 1990
Original Location: Lat: 37.82° S, Lon: 144.48° E. In the north wall window frame of the Staff Room window at the Administrative Offices at Scotch College in Melbourne Australia.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination- vertical, Declination- direct North.
Size: 1070 x 750 mm (40 x 29.5 in) Gnomon Length- 750mm (29.5 in)
Adornment: a traditional fly, a rose- a symbol used by Jan Milton on all of her works, and a traditional hourglass. Commemorative plaque with The Equation of Time Graph. The old and new school crests of Scotch College, Melbourne.
Inscriptions: “Scotch College”, “EST. 1851”
Mottos: none
Condition: Recently damaged a few years ago some brainless vandal threw a rock at and damaged the glass gnomon. Sundials Australia had it repaired back in Adelaide by the same place who did the original construction but by a different person as Ron Sutton had died by then.
Comments: This is the only permanently installed stained glass sundial window as of 2009 that I know of that’s made for the southern hemisphere. It shows Solar Time. The gnomon is a sheet of red glass with came, supported by struts. It was donated by Clive Tingate, an old scholar of the college from 1915 to1918. For much more detailed information on this sundial including a mini-course on gnomonics see Folkard and Ward’s excellent booket PDF below. They prepared it for the students of Scotch College Melbourne way back in 1990, from which the math staff conducted lessons. Also see the British Sundial Society Bulletin article titled “Folkard and Ward, Sundials Australia” (June 2009) No. 21(ii) pg. 5 by BSS member, Douglass Bateman. Sundials Australia also made a table-top stained glass sundial- Dial 433 on this website.
Folkard-Ward (1990) Scotch College. The Stained Glass Window Sundial (PDF 1 MB): Here
Margaret Folkard’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is an original photo copy. Photo ‘b’ is copied from the booklet’s cover. Photo ‘c’ is an original photo copy but is missing some of the glass border. Photo ‘d’ shows the protective temporary tape used during the installation. Photo ‘e’ is copied from the booklet and shows Ron Sutton glazing the dial. Photo ‘f’ is copied from the booklet and shows Jan Milton painting the coats of arms. Photo ‘g’ is copied from the booklet and shows the gnomon during dial installation. Photos were kindly sent to us from Dr. Margaret Folkard. She says that anyone may copy and use these photos as Sundials Australia is “delighted to spread the gnomonic word”.

Dial 430
The Tour de l'Oisans Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artist: unknown (signed but difficult to read in this photo)
Date: 1957
Original Location: Lat: 4° 59’ N. lon: 5° 29’ E. in Casset in the Hautes Alpes (High Alps) in France
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: vertical, declines east
Size: unknown
Adornment: modernistic birds, flowers, sun, and the Equation of Time graph, on a sky blue background
Inscriptions: “long. 5° 29’ E. Lat. 4° 59’ N. Dec. 18° 15’ E.”, some writing in the lower left corner, and the date “1957”
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comment: none
Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo is by Olivier07 taken in 2006 and was copied with his permission from Flickr website above. Please do not copy it without his permission.

Dial 431
The Shades of My Father Dial
Delineator: Professor Adams (now deceased)
Artist: Brian Connolly. Brian Connolly was born in Ballymoney, Co. Antrim. He studied sculpture at the University of Ulster, Belfast. He has had a number of exhibitions nationally and internationally with venues including the Project Arts Centre, Dublin, the Collective Gallery, Edinburgh, Banff Centre, Cracow and the City Arts Centre, Dublin. He is currently based near Bushmills. Connolly’s work negotiates universal themes surrounding the human senses, particularly sight and human experience. Throughout his work, the artist has been intrigued by the concept of time.
Owner and Funders: Coleraine Borough Council (Owner & Funder), ABSA (Funder), Hutchinson Flooring Contractors (Funder)
Date: 1990
Original Location: Kerr Street, Portrush Northern Ireland
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: horizontal
Size: Diameter-5 m (16 ft). Height- 3 m (9.8 ft.)
Adornment: moon phases and geometric designs and a wonderfully deeply sculpted gnomon that looks like a big sea shell.
Inscriptions: unknown
Mottos: none
Condition: very good, some graffiti
Comment: Owner is Coleraine Borough Council. Funded by Coleraine Borough Council, ACNI, ABSA and Hutchinson Flooring Contractors. Made from ceramic tiles and cast concrete. Through a limited competition in 1990, Connolly was commissioned to make a public sculpture for his hometown of Portrush. This sundial continues the artist’s interest in the importance of time and space. The shell-shape incorporated into this piece had become a recurrent element in Connelly’s work by this stage. Information here is from the Arts Council Northern Ireland website below.
ACNI Public Art Handbook: Here
Website: Here
Website: Here
Website: Here
Website: Here
Website: Here
Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ is by Pawel Bak and was copied with his permission from first Flickr website above. ACNI photos ‘b’ to ‘h’ are by Harrison Photography and were sent to us by them. We use them with their permission. Please do not copy photos without photographers’ permission.

Dial 432
The Stumpges Skylight Dial
Delineator: Fritz Stumpges
Glazier: Buck Gerlach, Gerlachs’ Art Glass, 28324 Alamar Rd, Valley Center, CA 92082 (760) 749-5600
Date of manufacture: March 2009
Original Location: Lat: 33° 20’ 34” N, Lon: 117° 00’ 25” W. In recessed skylight, at Stumpges home entry way, 15027 Adams Dr., Pauma Valley, CA, USA (760)736-6178  
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Horizontal, oriented at 37.81 degrees clockwise to meridian.
Size: 31” X 47” (78.7 x 119.3 cm)
Adornment: Declination Lines with Zodiac Symbol at beginning of each Sign; Makers Mark (Personalized Quadruple Aries Compass Rose), Meridian Line W/ N-S
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is the first true stained glass sundial skylight that I know of anywhere in the world! (jc) Time lines are corrected for longitude and show Winter (PST) and Summer (PDST) Roman hours. Dial has declination Lines with 1” diameter ball nodus on 1/2” diameter gnomon rod. A single pattern glass was used in order to feature the beauty of the design of the sundial.  The glass is from Wissmach Glass: Wisspy, Sky Blue/Salmon/Amber, with added iridescence for a soft, glowing “oil slick” look. This is a real leaded stained glass piece with no "lines' painted.  The sand blasted and painted areas are the Roman Numerals, the N & S, the Zodiac Signs, and the 'maker's mark'. Steel stiffeners are on the inside face, on top of the came, and run the length of the Equinox line and the two arced seasonal lines just in from the Solstice arcs. This gives 3 long direction supports.  You can see them I believe if you look closely...these 3 arcs with stiffeners, looks a little heaver than just the came.  If you are looking straight up at it you don't see them but at hi angled viewing they become apparent.  They are on the inside so they wouldn't cast shadows. An EOT plaque is planned for an inside wall. Letter from Fritz Stumpges to us: “I found what you said to be true when picking out glass for my new entry way stained glass sundial. I found that the normally used more transparent glass had no good shadow but the more translucent, highly filled, or semi-transparent glass works great.  Here is a picture of it before I had mounted the gnomon and therefore no shadow yet.  I'm looking forward to doing the final setting of the position of the nodus ball (adjustable up and down the 1/2" gnomon) this Friday, Spring.  It was quite a project all in all but the results are incredible.  There is such a wonderful light that comes from the skylight area. The sundial layout/design is very attractive and therefore I decided to use the single sheet material with beautiful "oil slick" type of coloring so as not to make it too busy or detract from the design”
Gerlachs’ Art Glass Website: Here
Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are by Fritz Stumpges and were sent to us by him in 2009. Please do not copy them without his permission. Photo ‘a’ looks across entry room into side utility room.  Photo ‘b’ shows the interior dial iridescence glowing and the accent on simple, uncluttered design, not the glass. Photo ‘c’ looks up at dial on summer solstice at 12:30 dial time. Photo ‘d’ is a close-up view of exterior skylight with weatherproofing. Photo ‘e’ is an outside view of unseen flat roof with skylight; not normally accessible. Photo ‘f’ shows at the interior front entry doors and dial location. Photo ‘g’ is a photoshopped view of photo ‘c’ showing correct dial proportions.

Dial 433
The Adelaide Table-Top Dial 
Delineator: John Ward. Sundial Workshop/Solar Lab - 3/27 Barndioota Road, Salisbury Plain (Adelaide) SA 5109, Australia. Ph & Fax:  (08) 8285.4099. Home Office - 20 Gladstone Ave, Kilburn (Adelaide) SA 5084. Phone: (08) 8359.8337
Ceramic Artist and Painter: unknown, but possibly by Jan Milton
Stained Glass Glazier: Ron Sutton (now deceased)
Date: early 1980s
Original Location: John Ward gave it as a surprise gift to Margaret Folkard for her home in Adelaide Australia. She had no suitable window so she mounted it in a wooden display frame for table-top placement.
Present Location: unknown. Margaret Folkard processed it for quite a while then eventually gave it to an enthusiast in Perth with whom she long ago lost contact.
Orientation: Inclination- vertical, Declination- direct North.
Size: 1000 x 600 mm (39 x 223.6 in)
Adornment: a colorful tropical theme with palm trees, a big sun, sky, clouds, a traditional fly at five thirty, and the Equation of Time Graph.
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: This is the first known stained glass sundial as of 2009 that I know of that’s made for the southern hemisphere. It shows Solar Time. See the British Sundial Society Bulletin article titled “Folkard and Ward, Sundials Australia” (June 2009) No. 21(ii) pg. 5 by BSS member, Douglass Bateman. Sundials Australia also made a stained glass sundial window- Dial 429 on this website. We’d like to find out if it still exists and where it is located now.
Margaret Folkard’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos were kindly sent to us from Dr. Margaret Folkard. She says that anyone may copy and use these photos as Sundials Australia is “delighted to spread the gnomonic word”.

Dial 434
The Bowls and Plates Dial 
Delineator: Rob Brown, member of NASS. Tel- 503-724-2497
Ceramic Artist: Julie Brown, wife of Rob Brown
Date: unknown
Original Location: unknown school in Lake Oswego Oregon, near Portland Oregon, USA
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination- vertical, Declination- direct South
Size: unknown
Adornment: a colorful theme made with all sorts of common household metal hardware, bowls and plates. It has a pretty steel rod gnomon with decorative tip. Very Unique!
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent
Comments: This is a most imaginative mosaic dial because the artist incorporated many odd three dimensional objects not usually seen in mosaics. Also, he artist did not want typical hour numerals. Instead she placed small red ceramic tiles into he grouted hour lines. The number of tiles represents the hour numerals for each hour. The gnomon rod was securely placed into a drilled hole in a piece of wood that is hidden underneath the surface. We hope that Julie and Rob Brown collaborate to make more mosaic sundials in the future.
The Brown’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are by John Carmichael. I give permission to anybody to use these photos.

Dial 435
The Kitt Peak Glass Ball Dial
Delineator: created by University of Arizona Optical Sciences Professor Emeritus Stephen Jacobs
Glass Artist: unknown. Possibly by Stephen Jacobs
Date: installed in June 2005
Original Location: Kitt Peak National Observatory west of Tucson Arizona, USA
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: This is an equatorial sundial
Size: unknown
Adornment: none
Inscriptions: unknown
Mottos: unknown
Condition: excellent
Comments: The glass ball focuses a point of bright light onto the curved etched glass piece below it which is marked with hours. Design was based on a Campbell-Stokes sunshine recorder and took Jacobs fifteen years to design and make. It appears in these photos that the focused point of projected light is out of sharp focus because it is not small. It might be possible that this was done on purpose to prevent overheating of the projection screen.
References: Sawyer, Fred. (June 2010) Sightings…At Kitt Peak Observatory. "The Compendium" Vol. 17-2 pg15 ISSN 1074-3197 The North American Sundial Society.
Photo Descriptions: Photos are by Matt Anderson. © All rights reserved. We have his permission to post them here.
Matt Anderson’s Photo ‘a’ Website: Here
Matt Anderson’s Photo ‘b’ Website: Here

Dial 436
The Abano Terme Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: at unknown place in Abano Terme (PD) Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: The main dial is horizontal with a truncated polar axis gnomon. There is an equatorial armillary sphere integrated into the polar axis of the main sundial.
Size: unknown
Adornment: a handsome modern design of an astronomer and the heavens on the truncated gnomon.
Inscriptions: some unknown text appears on the gnomon.
Mottos: unknown
Condition: excellent
Comments: We’d like more information and other photos of this dial. It looks like the gnomon has a narrow gap that would cast a sliver of light on the ground at Solar Noon.
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is by ma_ri_la © All rights reserved. We have permission to use this photo.
ma_ri_la’s Flickr Website: Here

Dial 437
The Hemispherium Mosaic Dial
Delineator: unknown
Mosaic Artist: Tammy Easton
Date: 2008
Original Location: This was put on display in June of 2008 as part of a public art event in Racine Wisconsin USA 2008 called Sphere Madness. The location for which it was designed is not known. It was auctioned off to the highest bidder in Sept, 2008.
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: equatorial
Size: unknown
Inscriptions: unknown
Mottos: unknown
Condition: excellent in 2008
Comments: We’d like more information and other photos of this dial. Artists were given a white sphere on a base and a sponsoring company paid for the art supplies to create an original work of art.
Photo Descriptions: Photos are by Kathy (last name unknown) and are used with her permission.
Photo ‘a’ Flickr Website: Here
Photo ‘b’ Flickr Website: Here

Dial 438
The Besalù Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: at unknown building in Besalù Catalonia Spain
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: inclination- vertical, declines due south
Size: unknown
Adornment: sun face and fruit
Inscriptions: “1880” which probably is an important date associated with the building.
Mottos: none
Condition: good in 2009
Comments: none
Photo Descriptions: Photos are by Marina Panattoni, © All rights reserved, and are used with her permission.
Photo ‘a’ Flickr Website: Here
Photo ‘b’ Flickr Website: Here

Dial 439
The Cal Governador Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: Rafael Masó
Date: 1910
Original Location: at la casa pairal de Cal Governador, carrer Baix 26, Borrassà Catalonia Spain. Later converted into a restaurant.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: vertical. Declines due south
Size: unknown
Adornment: a big rooster
Inscriptions: "Jo dic l'Alba" i "Ferran Coll me feu fer"
Mottos: present
Condition: 2009 photo shows that many of the ceramic tiles are damaged.
Comments: We’d like more information and more photos of this dial
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is by Montse Poch and is used with his permission.
Montse Poch’s Flickr Website: Here
Gnomonica Catalonia Website: Here

Dial 440
The Casa Nostra Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: In Barris - Sant Antoni, on the facade del restaurant "Casa Nostra", on the highway from Parlament to Calàbria.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination-vertical. Declines due south
Size: unknown
Adornment: smiling sun, rooster, moon, owl
Inscriptions: none other than the motto
Mottos: present. See photo
Condition: very good in 2009
Comments: We’d like more information about this dial.
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is by Jaume Meneses and is used with his permission.
Jaume Meneses’s Flickr Website: Here

Dial 441
The Zaragoza Dial
Delineator: Juan Antonio Ros
Builder: J-Carrera; V-Ejido.
Date: 2008
Original Location: Lat- 40° 40’ 04” N; Lon- 1° 00 10” W. In a circular garden planter at unknown location in Zaragoza Spain
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination-vertical. Declines due south
Size: Diameter 1.800 mm
Adornment: The Equation of Time
Inscriptions: User Instructions
Mottos: AMICIS QUALIBET HORA
Condition: excellent in 2010
Comments: Made from stainless steel and glass. It is translucent and can be read from both sides. Has built-in longitude correction. Precise to about one minute after appling the Equation of time corrections.
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘b’ is by Juan Antonio Ros. Photo ‘a’ is a cropped copy of photo ‘b’
Website: none known
Juan Antonio Ros’s Email: Here

Dial 442
The Vilassar de Dalt Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: At Maresme in Vilassar de Dalt Catalunya Spain
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination-vertical. Probably declines south
Size: unknown
Adornment: none
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: Looks like the gnomon is pointing in the wrong direction.
Comments: We’d like more information about this dial.
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is by Jaume Meneses from his Flickr webpage below.
Flickr Website: Here

Dial 443
The Tyttenhanger House Dial
Delineator: unknown, possibly Henry Gyles
Glass Artist: unknown (Looks very much like a Henry Gyles Dial)
Date: unknown. Probably around 1675
Original Location: In a south facing window at the Tyttenhanger House, in St Albans, Hertfordshire England. (now used as commercial offices.)
Present Location: still at the Tyttenhanger House, but is now in a north facing room hanging in front of a window. Patrick Powers says: “The dial itself is set as a centrepiece in some more flowery (and inappropriate) glass in a separate frame which is fixed, not just hung, on the inside of a Georgian window frame. The wooden bars of the Georgian window therefore obstruct the clear view through the dial. That dial frame is mounted (backwards) in such a way that the dial appears the wrong way round to anyone inside the chapel of the house (which is where the dial is) - I expect whoever set it there wanted the numerals to appear like they do on a clock.”  
Orientation: Inclination-vertical. Declination- Designed for a due south declination, but currently faces north.
Size: height by width- 10.8 in. x 6.88 in. (27.5 cm x 17.5 cm)
Adornment: The design of this dial is typical of many 17th century English stained glass dials. It looks very much like the dials made by Henry Gyles. A heraldic shield is in center. I’m just guessing that it might be the shield of the Tyttenhanger family. Oddly, there is no fly painted on the glass as was typical of these old sundial windows.
Inscriptions: none visible on glass.
Mottos: at the top: "Lumen Umbra Dei" (trans- Light (is) the shadow of God) Mr. Powers says- “As far as I know this motto only appears in one other English dial - also a stained glass one - the second stained glass dial in the same window at Groombridge Place in Kent.
Condition: Cracked in three places. Two of the larger cracks have been re-leaded in a restoration. Gnomon is missing.
Comments: The following information was provided by BSS member, Patrick Powers: “Chris Daniel has long had a great interest in the stained glass dials of the British Isles, and he and Ian Butson found in the 1910 edition of the ‘The Royal Commission of Historical Monuments, Inventory of Historical Monuments in Hertfordshire’ a mention of an otherwise unrecorded sundial at Tyttenhanger House, a house now used as commercial offices. Its presence had been omitted from the 1950s English Heritage inventory for the house – it being simply reported as ‘Heraldic Glass’. Even Pevsner failed to note the dial in 1977. This rare discovery of a lovely dial (was) brought about by cooperation between several BSS Members. It is mounted in a frame as a sort of ‘suncatcher’ in front of a north facing window and it is also mounted (reversed) back to front! But it is a lovely, previously unknown, stained glass dial properly designed for the declination of the front façade and dating back to about 1675.” See Mr. Powers’ article below. We’d like more information about this dial.
Article in the BSS Recorder by Patrick Powers: Here
Tyttenhanger House Website A: Here
Tyttenhanger House Website B: Here
Tyttenhanger House PDF of Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Patrick Powers’ Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ to ‘d’ are the original interior photos of the dial taken in January of 2010 by Patrick Powers. Photo ‘e’ is a cropped and flipped (reversed) copy of photo ‘a’ that attempts to show the dial should look if it were properly installed. Photo ‘f’ shows the outside of the house.

Dial 444
The Argyle Square Human Height Dial
Delineator: Andrea Tomaselli’s Italian Porphyry group. Commissioned by the City of Melbourne to recognize Italian migration to Australia.
Ceramic Artists: Builders 2 Construct and O’Connor & Sons Stonemasons
Date: installed in 2005
Original Location: Lat: 37° 48’ 8.78” S, Lon: 144° 57’ 57.19” E. At Argyle Square on Lygon St. in the suburb of Carlton, Melbourne Victoria, Australia. The square is referred to as Carlton's "Piazza Italia" since it seems two Australians went to Italy to study the art of working in this sort of stone and came back and built the square.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: horizontal
Size: 45 m. x 45 m. (147 ft. x 147 ft.)
Adornment: interesting spiral design that draws the eyes to the dial.
Inscriptions: unknown
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent in 2010
Comments: This is a rare interactive type of sundial that uses a human gnomon. The user stands on a height mark that is labled with the user’s height. The shadow of the top of user’s head incates the time. Dial face is made from porphyry cobblestone, and possibly marble and bronze. According to the infolink website below: “The design of the solar clock is the work of Andrea Tomaselli’s Italian Porphyry group and continues their fascination with time pieces and public space. In order to make the 45 m2 solar clock (or sundial) keep the correct time, the stonemasonry had to be exact and so GPS equipment was used to ensure the stone laying was totally precise. All this added an extra layer of complexity and challenge to the job”. The instructions say that the reader should face South towards the city of Melbourne. People may not realise looking south is away from the centre of the dial. People may forget that the sun is to the North in Australia.
References: Much of this information was supplied by dialists Patrick Powers, Fer de Vries, and Roderick Wall who found the websites below. Thank you!
Flickr Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Infolink Website: Here
Porphry Website: Here
Italian Porphry Website: Here
Another Website: Here
Another Website: Here
Another Website: Here
Another Website: Here
Email: [email protected]> Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Roderick Wall and were taken in 2010 on an overcast day. Photos ‘a’ thru ‘e’ show the dial face. Photo ‘f’ shows the human gnomon height marks. Photo ‘g’ shows the instruction plaque. There are more photos in the websites above.

Dial 445
The Sanda Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: At Sanda (SV) Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination-vertical, declines slightly west of south
Size: unknown
Adornment: Decorative ribbon with motto painted around ceramic dial
Inscriptions: “Dono del Comitato, Manifestazionii Sanda”
Mottos: TEMPUS MAGISTER OPTIMUS
Condition: excellent in 2010
Comments: This is a ceramic dial. We’d like more information about this dial.
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ by antonella.mannini&gianni.borghi. All Rights Reserved
Flickr Website: Here

Dial 446
A Flawed Mosaic Dial
Delineator: unknown
Mosaic Artist: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: Unknown. Probably somewhere in France because inscriptions are in French.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination-vertical. Declination unknown.
Size: unknown
Adornment: none
Inscriptions: AVEC TOI SOLEIL JE REVIS
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent in 2010
Comments: This is a mosaic dial. We’d like more information about this dial. While pretty to look at, it appears that this dial is severely flawed because it was improperly designed. The gnomon is perpendicular and is not oriented to the polar axis. The hour marks are also improperly located for this type of gnomon.
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped copy of photo ‘b’ which is by Elisebetta Cacioppo Nessuno
Flickr Website: Here

Dial 447
The Lanzo Dial
Makers: Mario Anesi and Marina Baggio
Date: 1998
Original Location: At Casa Liberty, next to the church tower of St. James and Philip, 1400 in the old town of Lanzo in Turin Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination-vertical. Declination unknown, but faces nearly south.
Size: unknown
Adornment: Has the 12 signs of the Zodiac and the indication of equinoctial noon. Top gnomon is a star. A butterfly.
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: excellent in 2010
Comments: Made of ceramic tiles in Art Nouveau style. The perpendicular rod gnomon below indicates local times. Has a noon analemma above. We’d like more information about this dial.
Photo Descriptions: Photos by arny_bol
Flickr Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here

Dial 448
The Studbrak Bielefeld Dial
Delineator: unknown
Mosaic Artist: unknown
Date: unknown but probably old
Original Location: unknown building in Studbrak Bielefeld, Germany
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination-vertical. Declination unknown
Size: unknown, but it is quite large
Adornment: large sunface in center
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: missing some mosaic tiles
Comments: We’d like more information about this dial.
Photo Descriptions: Photos by © O de Andrade's
Flickr Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here

Dial 449
The Warsaw Plaster Dial
Delineator: unknown
Maker: unknown
Date: unknown, but probably very old
Original Location: On unknown building in Warsaw Poland
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination-vertical. Declines west of south by unknown amount
Size: unknown
Adornment: a balance, a ram, a sheep, a crayfish, stars, moon, and sun
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: pretty good considering that it is probably very old. Has a little chipping.
Comments: This dial appears to be made from dyed plaster or some sort of ceramic. We’d like more information about this unusual dial.
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ by frank
Flickr Website: Here

Dial 450
The Sitges Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: unknown
Date: unknown. Probably the beginning of the 20th Century.
Original Location: at Hotel La Niña. Pg. de la Ribera, 63-69 in Sitges (a small city about 35 kilometres southwest of Barcelona) in Catalonia, Spain. 
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination-vertical. Declines east of south by unknown amount
Size: unknown
Adornment: Catalan "Modernist" style with a sunface and beautiful scrollwork and gnomon
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: good, but one tile is chipped
Comments: We’d like more information about this dial. Thanks to Conxita Bou Vilalta for the info we have.
Flickr Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘a’ is by hogsvilleBrit. Photos ‘b’ and ’c’ are courtesy of Conxita Bou Vilalta.
Conxitas’s Email: Here

Dial 451
The Glass Globe Dial
Delineator: David Harber
Maker: David Harber
Date: unknown, but probably 21st century
Original Location: unknown place in England
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Equatorial
Size: unknown
Adornment: none
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: good in 2010
Comments: hand blown etched glass globe which functions as an equatorial sundial on a column of stainless steel discs. We’d like more information about this dial.
Photo Descriptions: Photo is by David Harber from the Flickr website below
Flickr Website: Here
David Harber Sundials Website: Here

Dial 452
The Dundas Dial
Delineator: John L. Carmichael Jr. at Sundial Sculptures in Tucson AZ USA
Porcelain Maker: KVO Industries, Inc. - Manufacturers of the World's Finest Porcelain Enamel Signs
Owners: Dawn and Mike Razem
Date: installed September 2010
Original Location: Lat: 43.2718° N, Lon: 79.9617° W. high up on southerly wall of private brick home at 76 Sundial Crescent, Dundas Ontario Canada L9H 7R8
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination-vertical. Declines 14.73° West of Due South
Size: 38” (1 meter) diameter, 2” thick
Adornment: a yellow sunface
Inscriptions: Wintertime, Sumertime markings
Mottos: CARPE DIEM
Condition: excellent in 2010
Comments: I designed this sundial for the wall of a beautiful red brick home near Toronto Canada. The home owners ordered it for the wall of their home because their street is named “Sundial Crescent”. They also love sundials. They wanted the sundial to be colorful, durable and maintenance free, so we decided to make the face from colored porcelain that was kiln-fired onto a 3/32” thick 38” diameter steel plate. Porcelain on steel is the most durable sundial face material that allows colors to be used. It will never fade or chip with time. If you want a colorful sundial, nothing beats porcelain for durability, longevity, and colors. The bezel is white powder-coated aluminum. Many old clock faces in Europe are made from porcelain and they are just as pretty now as they were two hundred years ago. The dial has an unusual nodus-based (or point-in-space) gnomon. One easily tells the time and date from looking at the center of the shadow cast by the 7/8” brass ball. The top curved line on the face is the winter solstice. The central angled straight line is the equinox line. And the bottom curved line is the summer solstice. The dial indicates Daylight Saving Time and is corrected for longitude. It includes a Solar Noon Mark at 1:19pm. As far as I know, as of this writing (2010), this is the only porcelain dial in Canada and is the largest porcelain dial in North America.
Photo Descriptions: Photos are by Dawn Razem and John Carmichael
Sundial Sculptures Website: Here
Flickr Website: Here
KVO Industries Website: Here

Dial 453
The Stresa II Dial
Delineator: unknown
Ceramic Artist: unknown. It is signed in the lower right, but I can’t read it in this photo.
Date: unknown
Original Location: unknown building in Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Piedmont Italy
Present Location: probably at original location
Orientation: Inclination-vertical, Declination unknown
Size: unknown
Adornment: has sculpted figures of the 12 zodiacal signs. And the hourlines twist into an image of a sunface.
Inscriptions: It is signed in the lower right, but I can’t read it in this photo.
Mottos: none
Condition: good in 2010, but it appears that the gnomon has been bent upwards.
Comments: an unusually rustic and primatively styled ceramic design- but it’s pretty in an unusual way! Unfortunately, it appears that the gnomon has been bent upwards. It should be pointing down and aligned with the polar axis. As it is, it can not tell time correctly I think. We’d like more information about this dial.
Photo Descriptions: Photo ‘b’ is by Wozz. Photo ‘a’ is a cropped copy of photo ‘b’.
Flickr Website: Here

Dial 454
The Magnani Projection Dial
Delineator: unknown
Maker: NASS member Silvio Magnani.
Date: 2002 and 2003
Original Location: since it is a Universal dial, it can be placed anywhere. Mr. Magnani made about ten of these dials. These are in Italy
Present Location: These are in Italy.
Orientation: equatorial
Size: unknown
Adornment: none
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: good in 2009
Comments: This dial might was displayed at the 2009 NASS Conference in Portland. This is a great little dial! It’s quite complex when you study it.  It has stencil-like cuts in the curved metal shade.  These cutouts project an image onto a glass projection screen underneath.  I think the curved bowl-like screen is made of etched or frosted glass.  A pair of red dots are on the screen.  Each dot is a nodus. When the stencil image of an analemma passes over a dot, the image shows the time.  Curved hourlines are split analemmas which tell watch (mean) time.  There are two sets for use during different seasons. See PDF documents below for more detailed information in Italian.
Paper by Silvio Magnani (in Italian): (2002) Orologio Solare Universale a Trasparenza
Paper by Silvio Magnani (in Italian): (2002) Orologio Solare Universale a Trasparenza in Puglia
Silvio Magnani’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos ‘a’ to ‘d’ are courtesy of Silvio Magnani and were copied from his papers. They show several different dials at different locations. Photo ‘e’ was taken by John Carmichael at the 2009 NASS conference.

Dial 455
The Magnetic Gnomon Frog Dial
Designer, Delineator, Glazier, Glass Painter: John L. Carmichael, sundial maker and member of The British and North American Sundial Societies.
Dates: assembled in Jan 2011
Design Location: Lat: 35° 59' 25" N, Lon: 114° 50' 2" W for permanent installation in the bedroom of a private home in Boulder City Nevada, USA
Present Location: It is at the owner’s home waiting for permission from the Home Owners Association to be installed. We are deeply concerned that installation is being held-up by one member of the Home Owners Association. The HOA won’t make its final decision until a meeting in May 2011.
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 44.30° west of south
Size: 2 x 3 ft (61 x 91 cm) with 210 glass pieces.
Adornment: solar noon mark, a frog sitting on a lily pad catching a fly, another lily pad, two water lilies, a dragonfly, water, sky, clouds, a flying hawk, and a sun burst.
Inscriptions: signature with date in lower right: JC. 2011.
Mottos: none
Condition: Excellent.
Comments: One of my best sundials. This is the first known stained glass sundial that features a magnetically attached gnomon! To avoid glass cracking and breakage from an impact, a strong neodymium mounting magnet holds the gnomon onto the sundial face. If something bumps into the gnomon is impacted, it simply falls off without cracking the glass. A 1/16" thick zinc-plated steel disk (from an electrical junction box hole cutout) is held in place in the window by soldered lead came. Next to it on the exterior side is an identical 1/16” thick brass disk with an 18mm hole in it. A 16mm mounting magnet sits in the hole. The hole in the brass disk keeps the mounting magnet from sliding around. It is also held in place by the lead came. A 5/32" threaded brass rod gnomon is screwed into the mounting magnet. A brass frog cut from a 1/16" thick sheet of brass is soldered to the brass rod. Installation is simple, and no nuts and bolts are required! The owner can twist the frog gnomon into any orientation that produces the most pleasing shadow. I also supplied the client with an extra magnetic ball gnomon. I tested twenty different neodymium magnets with different configurations, but this design worked best for this particular window. Special thanks to Dave Bell for his sharing his knowledge of magnet polarity problems! Choosing the right magnet and the right configuration was most important. Gnomons are perpendicular to the face and are nodus based. I engraved the twenty painted glass pieces before painting with gravestone enamel so that the paint would adhere to the glass. I painted the interior lead and zinc with black Rustoleum enamel. Visit the Flickr website below to see construction photos.
Article by John Carmichael: (2011) A Stained Glass Sundial with a Magnetic Gnomon. "The British Sundial Society Bulletin" Vol. 23(ii), June 2011. 44-47
Sundial Sculptures Website: Here
K & J Magnetics Website: Here
Magnet Drawing Website: Here
Flikr Photo Sharing Website: Here
Southwest Stained Glass Website: Here
John Carmichael’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are by John Carmichael and were taken in Jan 2011. Everybody has my permission to use these photos. Photo ‘a’- Frog Gnomon (interior-transmitted light), Photo ‘b’- SGS (interior-reflected light), Photo ‘c’- colored pattern, Photo ‘d’- Frog Gnomon (exterior-reflected light) original, Photo ‘e’- Frog Gnomon (exterior-reflected light), Photo ‘f’- Frog Gnomon (exterior), Photo ‘g’- Frog Gnomon Shadow (exterior) closeup, Photo ‘h’- Frog Gnomon Shadow (interior) closeup, Photo ‘i’- Frog Gnomon and Reflected Shadow Test, Photo ‘j’- Frog Gnomon and Transmitted Shadow Test, Photo ‘k’- Magnet Gnomon's Window piece, Photo ‘l’- Magnetic Frog Gnomon Base, Photo ‘m’- Ball Gnomon (interior-transmitted light) original, Photo ‘n’- Ball Gnomon (interior- transmitted light, Photo ‘o’- Ball Gnomon (exterior) closeup, Photo ‘p’- Magnetic Ball Gnomon, Photo ‘q’- Magnetic Frog Gnomon, Photo ‘r’- Water Scene (interior-transmitted light), Photo ‘s’- Water Scene (interior-transmitted light) closeup, Photo ‘t’- Dragonfly, Photo ‘u’- Glass Pattern, Photo ‘v’-Interior Installed, Photo ‘w’- Interior Installed Transformed, Photo ‘x’- exterior installed.

Dial 456
The Joesler Home Dial
Designer, Delineator: John L. Carmichael, sundial maker and member of The British and North American Sundial Societies.
Ceramic Makers: John W. Murphey Company, Tucson AZ
Gnomon Maker: Doug Thompson Studios
Dates: constructed in Jan 2011
Design Location: Lat: 32° 18' 28.8" N, Lon: 110° 55' 31.95" W. On the southern wall of an historic home designed by Josias Joesler in the foothills of Tucson Arizona USA.
Present Location: at design location
Orientation: Vertical. Declines 18.0 degrees East of South
Size: 84 x 60 inches (213 x 152 cm) with 8” tiles and 74” (187 cm) gnomon
Adornment: hand painted porcelain ceramic tiles, and a colonial Spanish style gnomon
Inscriptions: none
Mottos: none
Condition: Excellent.
Comments: The home owner found a long lost architectural drawing of his historic Josias Joesler home in the archives of Tucson. A crude gnomonically flawed drawing of a wall sundial was on those plans, but the sundial had never been built. The new owner of the home contacted John Carmichael and contracted him to design an accurate sundial based on Josler’s original drawing.
Sundial Sculptures Website: Here
John Carmichael’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are by John Carmichael and were taken in Jan 2011. Everybody has my permission to use these photos.

Dial 457
The Mezonin Dial
Delineator: Aleksandr Boldyrev
Artist: Oksana Hleborodova, a known local landscape architect in Moscow.
Date: 2007
Original Location: Installed into a wooden folding screen for temporary exhibition at the annual "Week of Gardens" in the park of count Osterman, Delegatskaya street in Moscow Russia. The topic of exhibition was announced as "The Pink Garden". The composition was named "The Spanish Colony".
Present Location: Village called Zaytsevo near Moscow.
Orientation: Inclination: vertical, Declination: Due South
Size: 55 x 50 cm
Adornment: modern sleek design with what looks like leaves at the top
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: excellent in 2007
Comments: The magazine "Mezonin" holds the annual "Week of Gardens" where local landscape architects have a good opportunity to demonstrate their crowning achievements. This dial was made for that event. We are seeking more information about this dial- specifically, who made it and were it is located today.
Photos Website: Here
Boldyrev’s Email: Here
Boldyrev’s Win.mail: Here
Hleborodova’s Email: Here
Photo Description: Photos are courtesy of Aleksandr Boldyrev and were taken from his website

Dial 458
The Swallows Dial
Delineator: Aleksandr Boldyrev
Artist: Aleksandr Boldyrev
Date: 2009
Original Location: Aleksandr Boldyrev’s workshop in Moscow Russia
Present Location: Aleksandr Boldyrev’s workshop in Moscow Russia
Orientation: Inclination: horizontal
Size: Small 10 x 10 mm tiles are on a round concrete base that is 850 mm (33 in) in diameter, and 45 mm (1.77 in) thick.
Adornment: a beautiful mosaic dial! Swallows against blue sky is a favorite theme on antique mosaics. Ancient Greeks considered swallows as birds that bring spring, and the image of these birds accelerates its arrival. But even when it is cloudy and cold, and all swallows have departed to warm countries, how pleasant it is to see the blue sky and to recollect the summer!
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: excellent in November of 2009
Comments: We are seeking more information about this dial- specifically, were it is located today.
Photos Website: Here
Photos ‘b’ and ‘c’ Website: Here
Boldyrev’s Email: Here
Photo Description: Photos are courtesy of Aleksandr Boldyrev, and he sent them to us.

Dial 459
The Holy Spirit Dial
Delineator and Gnomon: Aleksandr Boldyrev
Mosaic Artists: Irina Volkova, Eugeny Volkov.
Date: installed on June, 2009
Original Location: Lat. 55° 50’ 02.97” N, Lon.38° 05’ 02.46” E. On a brick wall of unknown home in unknown private sundial park in the village of Shevelkino near Moscow Russia. It is on the same building as Dials 460, 461 and 462.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination: vertical, Declination: West
Size: Small 10 x 10 mm mosaic tiles. Dimensions of face- 1.5 x 1.5 m (59 x 59 in)
Adornment: a beautiful mosaic dial! In the uppermost part of the sundial on the clouds background is a white pigeon, a symbol of the Holy Spirit. The background represents the transition of night into day and is decorated by images of the sun, moon and stars. In the bottom part of the dial is the logo of the Church - "the Orthodox Encyclopedia".
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: excellent in November of 2009
Comments: We are seeking more information about this dial- specifically, were exactly it is located. The perpendicular rod gnomon indicates the days of equinoxes and solstices.
Photo ‘a’ Website: Here
Boldyrev’s Email: Here
Photo Description: Photos are courtesy of Aleksandr Boldyrev, and he sent them to us.

Dial 460
The Angel Dial
Delineator and Gnomon: Aleksandr Boldyrev
Mosaic Artists: Irina Volkova, Eugeny Volkov.
Date: installed on June, 2009
Original Location: Lat. 55° 50’ 2.97” N, Lon. 38° 05’ 2.46” E. On a brick wall of unknown home in unknown private sundial park in the village of Shevelkino near Moscow Russia. It is on the same building as Dials 459, 461 and 462.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination: vertical, Declination: East
Size: Small 20 x 20 mm mosaic tiles. Dimensions of face- 2 x 1.7 m (78 x 70 in)
Adornment: a beautiful mosaic tile dial! In the left top part of the device there is an image of an angel. Dial looks like a scroll.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: present, but they are in Russian. We don’t know what they say in English.
Condition: excellent in November of 2009
Comments: We are seeking more information about this dial- specifically, were exactly it is located. The perpendicular rod gnomon indicates the days of equinoxes and solstices and also points at seven anniversary lines.
Photo ‘a’ Website: Here
Boldyrev’s Email: Here
Photo Description: Photos are courtesy of Aleksandr Boldyrev, and he sent them to us.

Dial 461
The Acacia Dial
Delineator and Gnomon: Aleksandr Boldyrev
Mosaic Artists: Irina Volkova, Eugeny Volkov.
Date: installed on June, 2009
Original Location: Lat. 55° 50’ 2.97” N, Lon. 38° 05’ 2.46” E. On a brick wall of unknown home in unknown private sundial park in the village of Shevelkino near Moscow Russia. It is on the same building as Dials 459, 460 and 462.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination: vertical, Declination: South
Size: Small 10 x 10 mm mosaic tiles. Dimensions of face- 1.6 by 1.4m (63 x 55 in)
Adornment: a beautiful mosaic tile dial! Features a golden sun image at the top. Below, there are flying swallows and an inkwell with an ancient feather against a celestial blue background. In the bottom part of the dial are a branch of white acacia, a cleanliness symbol, and the broken prison key.
Mottos: In the top part of the sundial above the sun image there is a motto "All comes in due time for those who are able to wait".
Inscriptions: none except the motto
Condition: excellent in November of 2009
Comments: We are seeking more information about this dial- specifically, were exactly it is located. The perpendicular rod gnomon indicates the days of equinoxes and solstices.
Photo ‘a’ Website: Here
Boldyrev’s Email: Here
Photo Description: Photos are courtesy of Aleksandr Boldyrev, and he sent them to us.

Dial 462
The Swallows and Bell Tower Dial
Delineator and Gnomon: Aleksandr Boldyrev
Mosaic Artists: Irina Volkova, Eugeny Volkov.
Date: installed on June, 2009
Original Location: Lat. 55° 50’ 2.97” N, Lon. 38° 05’ 2.46” E. On a brick wall of unknown home in unknown private sundial park in the village of Shevelkino near Moscow Russia. It is on the same building as Dials 459, 460, and 461.
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination: vertical, Declination: northern
Size: Small 10 x 10 mm mosaic tiles. Dimensions of face- 1.4 x 1.3 m (55 x 51 in)
Adornment: a beautiful mosaic tile dial! On a sky blue background are three pairs of swallows. In the left part of the dial the bell tower of the monastery of St. Seraphim Sarovsky is drawn. In the bottom part of the dial is an image of a convolvulus.
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: excellent in November of 2009
Comments: This is a rare north facing dial. We are seeking more information about this dial- specifically, were exactly it is located. The beautiful unique gnomon is made of sheet brass and measures local and standard time.
Photo ‘a’ Website: Here
Boldyrev’s Email: Here
Photo Description: Photos are courtesy of Aleksandr Boldyrev, and he sent them to us.

Dial 463
The Scottish Faux Dial
Delineator: unknown
Glass Artists: No record of maker, though the house owners are still looking. The consensus amongst the stained glass folk is that it is the work of Glasgow artist Oscar Paterson.
Date: Just below the lettering, round the top of the sundial, is the date 1899.
Original Location: Lat: unknown; Lon: unknown. On an unknown house near Glascow Scotland
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination: vertical, Declination: The hour lines are similar to a window that faces due South, but are gnomonically flawed.
Size: unknown
Adornment: Looks very much like art deco.
Mottos: “AMDG” means Ad Majorem Dei Gloriam (to the greater glory of God). AMDG is commonly found in churches, but it's not clear why it should be on this house which doesn't appear to have any relation to a church. The owners say it is also the motto of a Jesuit school in Glasgow.
Inscriptions: On sundial face is1899. On the upper window is “I Mark Only Sunny Hours”
Condition: excellent in 2011
Comments: Appears to be simply an artist's impression of a sundial. The 6 pm line is not in the correct position. And the spacings of the other hourlines are not correct.There is no gnomon. The 1899 date on the window ties in with the major home refurbishment, and the glasses are very much what they were using in Glasgow at that time. Also, the design is very much what was being produced in Glasgow at that time. Dave Bell says: The dial is garbage. (sic) There is a label for 6 AM, just above the screwy line. The 7 AM label falls just below that same line, and all the rest of the AM numbers are skewed counter clockwise. If you mentally shift the 7 – 11 numbers clockwise until they are on the clockwise edge of their segments, the 11 falls where it should. The numbers are all there; it’s just a spectacularly bad design!! I can’t imagine a craftsman building this, and getting paid for it…”
Rona Moody’s Email: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Rona Moody- a friend of the homeowner. Photo ‘a’ is a cropped copy of original. Photo ‘b’ is cropped copy of photo ‘c’. Photo ‘c’ is the original.

Dial 464
The Schiavone Bowie Portal Dial
Delineator and Artisan: NASS members, Gino Schiavone and Judith Schiavone. Business- The Schiavone Studio at 1337 Gusdorf Road, Ste J; Taos, NM 8757. Tel: 575-758-7797, 575-613-0943
Date: installed in early 2011
Original Location: Lat. 38° 56’ 35.6” N, Lon. 76° 43’ 48.4” E. On a tall pedestal in front of City Hall in Bowie, Maryland USA. (off Evergreen Parkway and Emerald Avenue)
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination: vertical, Declination: Direct South
Size: 15.5', high, 10' wide, within a 16' compass rose
Adornment: a fly in lower corner of face is on glass. Base sits on beautiful porcelain tile compass rossete. Dial is lit by lights at night. Dial sits high atop a modern looking metal stand making it visible from a distance and vandal resistant.
Mottos: On yonder clock, On yonder tower, Is shown the time, By civil hour. Upon this dial, Upon this tower, Is shown the time, By solar hour. No matter what, The clock might say, The noon I show, Is true midday.
Inscriptions: none
Condition: excellent in 2011
Comments: Gino won a design contest by the city of Bowie to construct this sundial. NASS webpage below says: “The dial has a plaque for the Equation of Time including longitude correction, making the sundial an accurate timepiece. Surrounding the base of the dial is a tile mosaic compass rose of cardinal points, creating the perfect setting for the monumental dial. Standing some feet away from the dial you can simultaneously see the sundial and the new Bowie City Hall tower clock. The idea for a sundial started in early 2009 when the City Council decided to add a working sundial to the front landscape. The Director of Community Services prepared a Call to Artists and enlisted the North American Sundial Society to assist the Public Arts Panel to evaluate responses. By November 2009, three semifinalists were invited to visit Bowie, meet the architects, and see the construction site. Alvin Sher, Rafe Ropek, and Gino Schiavone each prepared their vision of the Bowie City dial and submitted models. Within a month, the panel selected the design by Gino Schiavone and his wife, Judith. The design and crafting of the dial and the tile mosaic base took just over a year. On site installation of the dial took nearly a week, with Gino shipping more than 6000 pounds of steel, bronze and stone from New Mexico to Maryland. Preparation of the dial site and heavy assembly work for dial placement of the dial was made possible by the architects Grimm & Parker. The dial is erected on two stainless steel posts that hold the 48 x 66” copper and bronze vertical dial 15 ft. off the ground. The dial is a beautiful filigree vertical bronze dial using a frosted glass dial surface sandwiched in between two metal panels such that the gnomon’s shadow of time can be seen from both the City Hall and Evergreen Parkway. The base of the dial forms a portal, reflecting the dial’s name “Bowie Portal Sundial”. Two granite benches flank the portal and underneath the benches is a theme of running horses, making reference to Bowie’s long racing history. At the entrance of the sundial portal is a bronze outline of children playing, reflecting upon the true asset of Bowie, typically thought of as a “bedroom community” to Washington DC.
Design, Construction & Installation Video: Here
NASS Website Dial Description: Here
Bowie Portal Sundial Album Website: Here
Bowie City Hall Website: Here
Gino Schiavone’s Email: Here
Photo Description: Photos are courtesy of Gino Schiavone, and were sent to us by him.

Dial 465
The Bradley Basso Minstrel Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artists: Design was surely based on old 17th century English stained glass sundials. Glass artist’s name is unknown. Artist possibly is employed at Bradley Basso. It certainly looks like a fairly close reproduction of “The Lute Player Dial”- Dial 397 in our Image Archive. See link below.
Date: probably made around 2007
Original Location: unknown, but possibly Reigate Surrey or London England
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Inclination: vertical, Declination: south
Size: unknown
Adornment: minstral playing a lute
Mottos: on top- SUM VERA LUX, on bottom- NIL EXTRA NUMERUM
Inscriptions: none other than mottos
Condition: unknown
Comments: We know little about this dial. It is unknown if it functions or if it has a gnomon. Gnomon shadow is not visible in photo. © Copyright Bradley Basso 2006, 3 Orchard Studios - London W6 7BU - UK - +44 (0) 20 7602 1840 CP 39 - 30100 Venezia - Italia - +39 338 311 2662
Website: Here
Dial 397: Here
Email: Here
Photo Description: Photos are courtesy of Bradley Basso

Dial 466
The Border Sundials Dial
Delineator: Capel Hanbury Tenison
Artists: Capel Hanbury Tenison
Date: unknown for sure. Probably 2011
Original Location: unknown. Probably somewhere in England
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Inclination: vertical, Declination: south
Size: unknown
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: Border Sundials, Chapel Farm, Clytha, Abergavenny NP7 9BW Tel- 01873 840 297.
Website: Here
Photo Descriptions: Photos are courtesy of Border Sundials. Photo ‘b’ is the original. Photo ‘a’ is a photoshopped scewed copy of photo ‘b’

Dial 467
The Carlo Heller Lochgnomon Dial
Delineator: Dr. Ing. Carlo Heller, Begasweg 3, 65195 Wiesbaden, Tel.: 0611 - 185 11 06, Fax: 0611 - 59 83 29
Artists: Carlo Heller
Date: probably installed in 2011
Original Location: Lat: unknown N, Lon: unknown E. Zone 1 Nr. 9: Höhensonnenuhr, Hoehen-sonnenuhr-2105. in Friaul- northeastern Italy
Present Location: at original location
Orientation: Inclination: vertical, Declination: variable
Size: unknown
Adornment: a stork and zodiacal signs
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none visible in photo
Condition: excellent in 2011
Comments: Made from etched glass and steel. Here is a poor computer assisted translation from explainatory German text in website below- “Time is determined from the altitude and the declination of the sun, hence the name- altitude dial. The readings are made with a so-called Lochgnomon- a light spot, which is projected by a screen on the swivel arm. The structural steelwork frames the sun quadrant from glass. In order to read the time, the following steps are necessary: Date from the animal circle calendar determine and adjust the swivel arm; Turn instrument to sunlight through the Lochgnomon penetrates (on straight lines edge); Light spot appears on the swivel arm, there the ancient hour is read off. The numerical data refer to in the morning hours (I-VI) and in the afternoon hours (VI-XII). One must decide thus, which time straight is valid. The Sundial can be turned around 360° so that the time can be read off all day long.”
Website: Here
Email: Here
Photo Description: Photo is courtesy of Carlo Heller, and was taken from his website.

Dial 468
The Jackie Jones Beer Glass Dial
Delineators: Jackie Jones and Mike Cowham
Designers: Jackie Jones, sundial designer, and Steve Chapman, an organizer of the Hanover Beer Festival in Brighton England.
Glass Maker: a firm in Wales called Inspiration
Date: made in 2011
Original Location: Designed for Lat. 51° N. in Brighton England.
Present Location: 96 glasses were produced, most in 2011 were still in Brighton area. Although designed in Brighton, they work anywhere in the world at this latitude. It will continue to tell you the time through Canada – Banff, Calgary, Regina, Moose River; Europe -  Bideford, Southampton, Calais, Gent, Brussels, Dresden; then the Ukraine, Russia, Kazakhstan, north Mongolia and north China.
Orientation: Inclination: inclining, nearly vertical, Declination: probably south
Size: one pint 23oz (653cc) beer glass. Height- 163mm (6.5in); width- 68 to 88mm (2.7 to 3.5in). There is a line to indicate the volume of a pint which allows room for a head of beer.
Adornment: scrollwork with the basic instructions- “Rotate the glass to place a spot of sunlight on the month column & read the time”.
Mottos: unknown
Inscriptions: Sunglass
Condition: excellent in 2011
Comments: This is an accurately designed altitude sundial made by screen printing. It doesn’t have to be fixed in one position.  It’s turned during the day so the sun always shines through the ring onto the current month.  No compass is needed. First, either start with an empty glass or drink some of your beer: not too much, just so the current month is above the beer.  This is because light is refracted differently through liquid.  Then place the glass on a level surface and turn it until the sun shines through the ring and onto the month you are in.  Select the part of the column that relates to the date – if it is the 15th, aim the beam of sunlight at the middle.   Read the time off on the hour lines that go across the glass. You will find that, as time progresses, you will have to turn the glass round so the sun still shines on the same date. The beam of sunlight moves upwards in the afternoon or down towards noon if you have started drinking in the morning. It also shows sunrise and sunset times for any date – just follow the date up to the top line and read the hour. Jackie Jones will be writing about its creation in the Dec 2011 British Sundial Society Bulletin.
Website: Here
Website: Here
Email: Here
Photo Description: Photos are courtesy of Jackie Jones and were taken from her website.

Dial 469
The Sonnen Zylinder Dials
Delineator: Dr. Peter Zacharias, Vor dem Hassel 12, 21220 Seevetal, Tel. 0177 - 7 18 28 18
Glass Maker: unknown
Date: unknown. Probably around 2011
Original Location: unknown. Probably Seevetal Germany
Present Location: unknown somewhere in Germany
Orientation: Inclination: vertical, Declination: variable
Size: variable
Adornment: world maps
Mottos: none visible
Inscriptions: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: Since we have not translated competely both websites, we are lacking information on these dials in English. Sundial uses the refraction of light in a cylinder to show the time and simultaneous date measurement, showing the current conditions of the sun over the earth. This new type of sun clock came from the hobby of a creative physicist (Dr. Erwin Kretschmann) after new mathematical computations. The clock was registered with the German patent and office for mark to 29.11.2007 into the register of designs under AZ. 20 2007 010 819.2.”
Website: Here
Website: Here
Email: Here
Photo Description: Photos are courtesy of Peter Zacharias and are taken from his website.

Dial 470
The Sundial Window Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artists: unknown
Date: probably early 21st century
Original Location: unknown
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Inclination: vertical, Declination: unknown
Size: unknown
Adornment: none visible
Mottos: none visible
Inscriptions: none visible
Condition: unknown
Comments: we need more information on this dial.
Website: Here
Photo Description: Photos are copied from the website above

Dial 471
The Flawed Cathedral Glass Dial
Delineator: unknown
Artists: unknown
Date: unknown
Original Location: unknown
Present Location: unknown
Orientation: Inclination: horizontal
Size: unknown
Adornment: none
Mottos: none
Inscriptions: none
Condition: unknown
Comments: We know nothing about who designed and made this or where the photo originated. The dial is severely flawed gnomonicly because the hour lines all have 30 degree angles! It appears that the designer made it to sit elevated above a horizontal projection surface (a table). The time would be read from the projected colored image on the table. Because the glass is transparent clear colored cathedral glass, shadows are not visible on the glass. It looks like the gnomon is also clear colored glass and if so, it won’t cast a shadow! If the hour lines and the gnomon were correctly made, then this dial might function as a projection dial. Unfortunately, it is a fine example of how NOT to design a stained glass sundial! Warning! Do not copy this dial!

Contact:

John L. Carmichael
Sundial Sculptures
925 E. Foothills Dr.
Tucson AZ 85718-4716
USA
Tel: 520-6961709
Email: John Carmichael (author)
Email : Dave Bell (webmaster)

My Websites:

(business) Sundial Sculptures: http://www.sundialsculptures.com
(educational) Chinook Trail Sundial: http://advanceassociates.com/Sundials/COSprings/
(educational) Earth & Sky Equatorial Sundial: http://advanceassociates.com/Sundials/Earth-Sky_Dial/
(educational) My Painted Wall Sundial: http://www.advanceassociates.com/WallDial
(educational) Painted Wall Sundials: http://advanceassociates.com/WallDial/PWS_Home.html
(educational) Stained Glass Sundials: http://www.stainedglasssundials.com
(educational) Sundial Cupolas, Towers & Chimneys: http://StainedGlassSundials.com/CupolaSundial/index.html


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